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BIOMETRICRECOGNITION TECHNOLOGIESANDAPPLICATIONS

AUTOMATED PROCESS OF
IDENTIFYING

What is Biometrics ?

Biometrics
Biometrics" is derived from the Greek words 'bios' and 'metric which
means life measurement" in other way , Biometry = Bio(life)+ Metry
(to measure).

Is the term given to the use of


biological traits
OR
behavioral characteristics
to identify an individual.

Biometrics: biomeans life and metrics to measure.

Characteristics of Biometrics

1.

2.

Biometric technology
measuring and
analyzing biological
data of human body,
its capture & identify
automatically through
integrated biometric
device which based
on two major
characteristics .
Physical characteristics
Behavioral characteristics

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Mode of Biometric System


Identification
One-to-manycomparison
Itsearchforasampleagainstadatabaseoftemplates
Itidentifiesanunknownindividual.
Fore.g.:whoisx?
Verification
One-to-onecomparison
Itcomparesasampleagainstasinglestoredtemplate
Itverifiesthattheindividualiswhoheclaimstobe
Fore.g.:isthisx?

How Does a Biometric System Wo


rk?

Why Use Biometrics?

Biometricsisamethodof*direct*humanidentification.
Biometricaccesscontrolsystems,providingstrongsecurityatentrances.

Biometricshelptononeedtorememberpasswords,orPINs. Biometrics
cannotbelost,stolenorforgotten
Automatedidentificationcanbedoneveryrapidlyanduniformly,witha
minimumoftraining.
Discourages fraud
Enhances security

Applications of Biometrics Technology

Fingerprint Identification

Fingerprintrecognitionisam
ethod of biometric authentic
ationthatusespattern-recog
nition techniques based on i
mages of human finger vein
patternsbeneaththeskin's s
urface.Fingerveinrecognitio
nisoneofmanyformsofbio
metricsusedtoidentifyindivi
dualsandverifytheiridentity
.

Fingerprint Recognition Process

Fingerprint Technology Uses

DoorLocks

AccessControl

Computerworkstat
ions
TimeClocks
Inroomsafes
PaymentSystems

Hand Geometry

Personidentificationusinghandgeometryutilizeshandi
magestoextractanumberoffeaturessuchasfingerlen
gth,width,thickness,fingerareaetc.Scanhand surface
area-toverifythatthepersonusingthedeviceisreallywh
oheorsheclaimstobe.

Work Of Hand Geometry Syste


m

Theuserplacesthepalm
ofhishandonametals
urfacewhichhasguidan
cepegsonit.
thedevicecanreadsthe
handattributes.
Thedevicethenchecksit
sdatabaseforverificatio
noftheuser.
Theprocessusuallytakes
lessthan5seconds.

Facial Recognition

Facialrecognitionsystems
FaceRecognitionisphysiologicalcharacteristicsofhum
anthatidentifybypredefinecomputerprogramsanda
nalyzehumanfacesforthepurposeofidentifyingthe
m.Theseincludetheposition/size/shapeoftheeyes,n
ose,cheekbonesandjawline.

Facial Recognition Process

Facialrecognitionsystems

Voice Recognition

VoicerecognitionsystemIt
uses the pitch, pattern, to
ne,frequency,rhythmofs
peechforidentificationpu
rposes.
A telephone or micropho
necanactasasensor.
Speakerrecognitionisofte
n used where voice is the
only available biometric id
entifier,suchastelephone.

Biometrics Iris Recognition

Therearetwodifferenttypesofeyescans:retinaland
iris,Itmeasurestheirispatternoftheeyei.e.thecolor
edpartoftheeyethatsurroundsthepupil.
Theirisscanneranalyzesfeatureslikerings,furrows,a
ndfrecklesexistinginthecoloredtissuesurroundingt
hepupil.

Signature verification

Signaturerecognitionisabehavioralbiometric.
Signaturetoidentifynotetheangleatwhichthepeni
sheld,andcountnumberoftimesthepenisliftedan
dhowmuchtimeittakestowritetheentiresignature
Actualsignaturerecognitioniscarriedoutbywritingo
napressuresensitivepadwithapenorstylus.

Advantage of Biometrics

Biometricidentificationcanprovideextremelyaccurat
e,securedaccesstoinformation;fingerprints,retinala
ndirisscansproduceabsolutelyuniquedatasetswhe
ndoneproperly
Currentmethodslikepasswordverificationhavemany
problems(peoplewritethemdown,theyforgetthem,
theymakeupeasy-to-hackpasswords)
Automatedbiometricidentificationcanbedoneveryr
apidlyanduniformly,withaminimumoftraining.

Disadvantage of Biometrics

ThefingerprintofthosepeopleworkinginChemicalindust
riesisoftenaffected.Thereforethesecompaniesshouldnot
usethefingerprintmodeofauthentication.
Biometricsisanexpensivesecuritysolution.
Forpeopleaffectedwithdiabetes,theeyesgetaffectedres
ultingindifferences.
Itisfoundthatwithage,thevoiceofapersondiffers.Also
whenthepersonhasfluorthroatinfectionthevoicechang
esoriftherearetoomuchnoiseintheenvironmentthisme
thodmaynotauthenticatecorrectly.Thereforethismethod
ofverificationisnotworkableallthetime

Conclusion

BiometricSolutionreadBiologicalfactoranddigit
allyidentifyhumannature.
BiometricTechnologyisveryinexpensiveandeasy
touseformanyapplicationarea.

Criminalidentification
Prisonsecurity
ATM
Aviationsecurity
Bordercrossingcontrols
Databaseaccess
Home/Office

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