Você está na página 1de 33

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN

THE PHILIPPINES

Major Environmental Issues


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Illegal Logging
Air Pollution
Water Pollution
Diminishing mangrove swamps
Depletion of water resources
Destruction of coral reefs
Diminishing natural habitat and loss of
biodiversity

Other factors that add to these


problems:
1. Location of the Philippines
1.a. Because we are near the typhoon
belt, we experience more or less than
15 typhoons as well as 5 6 cyclones
annually; soil erosion is common

1.b. The country is located in the Pacific


Ring of Fire that is why we experience
earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic
eruptions

ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION
The Philippines signed some world
treaties. These agreements are geared
towards environmental protection.
Example:
Biodiversity Climate Change
Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes

Law of the Sea


Marine Dumping
Nuclear Test Ban
Ozone Layer Protection
Tropical Timber 83
Tropical Timber 94

Government Agencies
1. Department of Environment and
Natural Resources (DENR)
2. Department of Health (DOH)
3. Philippine Sustainable Development
Network Foundation
4. Environment Management Bureau
5. Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau

Non-Governmental Organizations
Ecological Society of the Philippines
Foundation for the Philippine
Environment
Fund for Nature of the Philippines
Haribon Foundation for the
Conservation of Natural Resources Inc.
NGOs for Integrated Protected Areas

Pambansang Kilusan ng mga


Samahang Magsasaka (PAKISAMA)
Philippine Institute of Alternative
Futures (PIAF)
Foundation for Sustainable Society
(FSS)
Foundation for the Philippine
Environment (EPE)

Biodiversity Conservation Network


(BCN)

WHAT ARE NGOS?


These are non-profit organizations
composed of individuals whose aim is
to render their expertise and help one
particular sector of society

There are also Peoples


Organizations (POs)
These are organizations composed of
indigenous people who are directly
affected and are deeply concerned
about a particular issue

POs geared towards


Environmental Protection
Katipunan ng mga Katutubong
Mamamayan sa Pilipinas (KAMP) the
national federation of allo indigenous
movements in the country
Ang Nagkakaisang Mamamayan ng
Kostal ng Balayan (ANAK BALAYAN)
Buklod ng Magsasaka Nagkaugat sa
Kalikasan (BUKID)

Luntiang Alyansa sa Bundok Banahaw


(LABB)
Note: Attempts made by the NGOs and
POs for environmental protection will
only succeed if all of us will have a
proper and respectable attitude towards
the environment.

EARTH SUMMIT
It was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Philippines was one of the more
than 160 countries who promised to
promote sustainable development
based on Agenda 21.

What is the Agenda 21?


The agenda was an attempt to balance
development and the rapid integration
of countries with the world economy
and its implication to the society and
environment.

What was the impact of the Earth


Summit?
The Philippine Council for Sustainable
Development (PCSD) was formed
under the Ramos administration, which
authored the Philippine Agenda 21

Through the Memorandum Order 399


dated September 26, 1996, Pres.
Ramos ordered all government
agencies to reexamine their policies
and programs and realign them with the
goals of PA21 in order to promote
economic development without
sacrificing social and environmental
welfare.

PROBLEM OF ANCESTRAL
LAND
Ancestral Lands are residential lands,
owned and used by individuals, families
and clans who belong to indigenous
cultural communities from the very
beginning
The ancestral lands are lands inherited
by individuals, families, and clans from
their ancestors

What is the main reason for the


loss of ancestral lands?
The governments program regarding
industrialization through land
conversion of lands into subdivisions,
golf courses and malls. Improper mining
in the mountains also serves

Other reason.

Improper mining

The Philippines has more than


10 million indigenous people
living in the mountains
The rights of the indigenous people
were first recognizes in the 1987
Constitution created after the downfall
of President Ferdinand Marcos

Republic Act No. 8371 or the


Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of
1997
The law signed by President Fidel
Ramos
This law states that the rights of
indigenous cultural communities or the
indigenous people would be
recognized, protected and promoted

It also authorized the creation of the


National Commission for the Indigenous
People, the establishment of
mechanisms in implementing the law
and the allocation of a certain budget
for this

The law recognizes the right to selfdetermination of the indigenous people.


Their human rights, and more
importantly, their rights to ancestral
lands
Self-determination the freedom to
decide for themselves and for their
future

WHAT IS THE CERTIFICATE OF


ANCESTRAL LAND TITLE?
A land title given by the government to
recognize legal ownership of ancestral
lands

WHAT IS THE NCIP?


NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE the
government agency that is assigned to
draft and implement policies, plans and
programs for the recognition, protection
and promotion of the rights of the
indigenous people

PROPER USE OF NATURAL


RESOURCES
We did not inherit the
environment from our
ancestors. We are just
borrowing it from future
generations.

As responsible citizens, we can


practice the 3R as a system of
environmental protection
3R stands for
Reduce use of a limited amount of
natural resources so that will dispose
only a limited amount of trash
Re-use means the products can
be used again after repairing them
Recycle means looking for other
uses for products

REDUCE!
Purchase of stable and long-term
products, as well as the search for
products and wrappers that contain no
poisonous or hazardous element
Manufacture products using a small
amount of raw materials, has a long
term durability or can be used again
after its first use.

RE-USE!
Give away old clothes, toys and books
to charity
Sell old stuffs to lessen trash
CASH FROM TRASH!!!!

RECYCLE!
Materials like glass, metal. Plastic and
paper can be collected, separated and
sent to facilities that could process them
into new materials