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3D Holographic

Projection Technology

CONTENTS

What is Holography
Why Holography
Types of Holograms
How Holograms work
Recording of hologram
Reconstruction of hologram
Advances in technology
Applications & Future scope
Conclusion
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What is Holography
Holographyis a technique that allows thelight
scattered from an object to be recorded and later
reconstructed.
The technique to optically store, retrieve, and
process information.
Preserve the 3-D information of a holographed
subject
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Why Holographic Display?


A high resolution three
dimensional recording of
an object
Glasses free 3D display
No need for projection
screen
Life like images
Interactive display
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Timeline of Holography

Types of Holograms
A.Reflex hologram
Illuminated by a spot of
white incandescent light
source, from front-above
The image consists of light
reflected by the hologram
Produces
multicolour
holograms, makes images
optically indistinguishable
from the original objects
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B.Transmission hologram
Viewed
with
laser
light,
usually of the same type used
to make the recording
Need light source behind
them
Virtual image can be very
sharp and deep
C.Computer-generated
holograms
No need for a real object
Interference
pattern
is
calculated
digitally,
using
algorithms.
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How Holograms Work


The time-varying light field
of a scene with all its
physical properties is to be
recorded
and
then
regenerated.
Hence the working of
holography is divided into
two phases:
Recording
Reconstruction
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Recording of Hologram
Basic tools required to
make
a
hologram
includes a red lasers,
lenses, beam splitter,
mirrors and holographic
film
Holograms are recorded
in darker environment

Recording a
Hologram

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Laser : Red lasers, usually helium-neon (HeNe) lasers,


are common in holography. These are coherent light
source.
Beam splitter: This is a device that uses mirrors and
prisms to split laser beam of light into two beams.
Object beam (directed onto the object) and
Reference beam (travels directly onto the recording
medium)
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Mirrors: These direct the beams of light to the


correct locations
Holographic film: Holographic film can record light
at a very high resolution, which is necessary for
creating a hologram. It's a layer of light-sensitive
compounds on a transparent surface, like
photographic film.
Example: Silver Halide Emulsion
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Process
When the two laser beams reach the recording
medium, their light waves intersect andinterferewith
each other. It is this interference pattern that is
imprinted on the recording medium.
Hologram
Reconstruction

Hologram
Recording
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Reconstruction of Hologram
The photographic plate
is
illuminated
with
original light source
used
for
recording
holograms.

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Reconstructing a Hologram

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Capturing of Holographic video


By
replacing
the
conventional
holographic
plate
with
a digital
camera
and
an
optoelectronic 2D screen,
we
can
capture
and
display holographic video.

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Projection of Holographic video


Video hologram is coded
into light modulators
These light modulators are
illuminated by coherent
light beam source, to
project video

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Projection of Multicolour Holographic


video

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Advances in Technology
Touchable holograms
Tactile
holographic
display
with
haptic
feedback
Horizontal 360 view of a
image on table top
User
interfacing
integrated displays

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Applications & Future scope


Educational applications
Marketing
with
3D
holographic display
3D simulation displays for
scientific visualization
Improved virtual Reality and
augmented reality
Telepresence
and
video
conferencing
Entertainment displays
Military
and
Space
Applications

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Holographic checkpoint for


military, battlefield
simulations
Intense real gaming rooms
In future all displays like
televisions, mobile phone
displays, projector displays
will be replaced by
holographic displays
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Projected cost of Holographic system

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Conclusion
Holographic
Technology
and Spectral Imagining has
endless applications, as far
as the human mind can
imagine
In
future,
holographic
displays will be replacing
all present displays in all
sizes, from small phone
screen to large projectors.
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References
Holographic Projection Technology: The World is
Changing- Ahmed Elmorshidy, Ph.D, JOURNAL OF
TELECOMMUNICATIONS, VOLUME 2, ISSUE 2, MAY 2010
Capture, processing, and display of real-world 3D
objects using digital holography- Thomas J. Naughton,
2010 IEEE Invited Paper
Touchable Holography- Takayuki Hoshi, The University of Tokyo,
2009
Holographic 3-D Displays - Electro-holography within the Grasp
of Commercialization- Stephan Reichelt, Ralf Haussler, Norbert
Leister, Gerald Futterer, Hagen Stolle and Armin Schwerdtner
(2010)
How Holograms Work.- Wilson, Tracy V. 2010. HowStuffWorks,
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Inc. Downloaded November 05, 2010.

Thank you
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