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Kelompok 3 :
1.Ardhi Pranata
2.Gita Puspita
3.Palupi Novi Fazri

Descriptive Text
text is about sensory experience how something
looks, sounds, tastes. Mostly, it is about visual
experience but description also deals with other
kinds perception.

To describe a particular person, place, or thing in

Generic Structure
1. Identification
to identify phenomenon to be described

2. Description
to describe part, qualities, character

Kinds of Descriptive

Artistic Description (suggestive, evocative, and literary description).

Appeals to the sense of beauty by stimulating the readers
and imagination, it also aims to give pleasure to the
readers. The artistic description provides an additives and
enhacement to descriptive process. This type of description aims to
make the composition more appealing to the readers.


Informative Description
Represent the every detail of appearance of a person, place, or
object with photographic accurancy for identification purpose. The
informative description reveals what is the reality in particular with
physical aspect.It describe exactly what author had seen, had
smelled, or had experienced, giving emphasis to pysical aspects or

Language Features
Using Simple Present Tense
In Simple Present, the action is simply mentioned and
there is nothing being said about its completeness. It is used to
talk about an action which happens on a regular basis.
(+)I go to school everyday
(-) I dont go to school everyday?
(?) Do you go to school everyday ? Yes i do / No, i do not.
Using Action Verb
Action verbs are verbs that show the performance of an
action. They are dynamic verbs that show something
1. he rides bicycle fastly.
2. mother makes a cake.

Language Features
Using adverb : An adverb is a
word which modifies the
meaning of a verb, adjective or
another adverb.
Adverbs of Time: These adverbs
are used to answer the question
Examples : Now, Yesterday,
Today, Once.
Adverbs of Frequency: These
adverbs are used to answer the
question how often.
Examples : Seldom, Rarely,
Often, Frequently
Adverbs of Place: These adverbs
are used to answer the question
Examples : Out, In, Forward,

Adverbs of Manner: These

adverbs are used to answer the
question how.
Examples : Honestly, Bravely,
Adverbs of Degree:These
adverbs are used to answer the
question how much or to what
Examples : Fully, Partly,
Altogether, Almost.
Using special technical terms :
Technical terms are an essential
part of all technical and scientific

Text of Descriptive
Giant pandas are bear-like in shape with striking black and white
markings. The giant pandas are hardly giants. It would take about forty (40)
giant pandas to weight as much as one elephant. Adult giant pandas have a
length of 160 to 180 centimeters. The weight of an adult male giant panda is
normally between 80 and 125 kilograms with males typically weighing about
10% to 20% more than females about the same size as the american black


However, unlike the black bear, giant panda dont hibernate and cant walk on their
hind legs. Giant pandas have ears have a massive head, heave body, short tail, rounded
ears and plantigrade feet. The throat of giant panda has an esophaguswith a tough, horny
lining to protect the bear from injury bamboo splinters. The stomach is similiarly
protected with its thick muscular wall linings. Giant pandas have forepaws which are
extremly flexible. They have an enlarged wrist bone that works in the manner of an
opposable thumb.
The basic fur color of the giant panda is white with black eye, pathces, ears, feet,
chest and shoulders. Giant pandas generally move in a slow, determined manner. When
startled they will move at a slow trot to escape danger. Giant panda with their sharp
claws, are capable of climbing tree very easily. Giant panda cubs are born weighing 3 to 5
ounces or about 4-5 grams each, the cubs are born blind and hairless. At about 10 days
the skin where the black hair will eventually grow turns gray.

Descriptive text is describe the text in detail and a picture is
formed in the readers mind.
The differences between descriptive text and explanation text

Generic structure : the descriptive text are identification and description,

but the explanation text are general statement, explanation, and closing.
Language features : the descriptive text is using 4 features ( past tense,
action verb, adverb, and special technical terms), but the explanation text is
using 8 features (present tense, action verb, passive voice, noun phrase,
adveribal phrase, technical terms, general, and abstract noun, and
conjunction of time and cause effect.