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Degrees of Adjectives

Divided into 2 degrees:


COMPARATIVE: equality
inferiority
superiority
SUPERLATIVE:

inferiority
superiority

COMPARATIVE OF EQUALITY

AS
to

adjective

AS
quanto

Ele to alto quanto ela.


HE IS AS TALL AS SHE.(is)
HER.
Ele no to bom quanto ns.
HE ISNT AS GOOD AS WE/US.
SO GOOD AS WE/US.

COMPARATIVE OF INFERIORITY

LESS
menos

adjective

THAN
do que

Este carro menos caro do que aquele.


THIS CAR IS LESS EXPENSIVE THAN THAT ONE.
Voc menos baixo do que ele.
YOU ARE LESS SHORT THAN HE/ HIM.

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

For all adjectives with one syllable


For adjectives with two syllables
which end in OW, ER, LE, Y

(adjective + ER)
mais

THAN
do que

John mais rico do que Paul.


JOHN IS RICHER THAN PAUL.

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
Hoje est mais quente do que ontem.
TODAY IS HOTTER THAN YESTERDAY.
Susan era mais bonita do que Betty.
SUSAN WAS PRETTIER THAN BETTY.
Hoje o cu est mais cinzento do que
ontem.
TODAY THE SKY IS GREYER THAN
YESTERDAY.

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

COLD COLDER
BIG BIGGER
LARGE LARGER
NARROW NARROWER
SHALLOW SHALLOWER
CLEVER CLEVERER
GENTLE GENTLER
CHARMING CHARMINGER??

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
WATCH OUT
LITTLE LESS

FEW FEWER

Ele gasta menos dinheiro do que voc.


He spends LESS money THAN you.
Eles lem menos livros do que ns.
They read FEWER books THAN we.

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

For adjectives with two syllables


(NOT ENDING IN OW, ER, LE, Y)

For adjectives with more than two


syllables

MORE
mais

adjective

THAN
do que

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
O livro mais interessante do que o
filme.
THE BOOK IS MORE INTERESTING
THAN THE FILM.
Seu irmo mais bonito do que John.
YOUR BROTHER IS MORE HANDSOME
THAN JOHN.

COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
SPECIAL CASES
ADJECTIVES

GOOD
BAD
FAR

Comparative of superiority

BETTER THAN
WORSE THAN
FARTHER THAN
FURTHER THAN

EXERCISES

1.

Put into English:


Meu livro to novo quanto o seu. (new)
My book is as new as yours.

2. Patty no to jovem quanto voc. (young)

Patty isnt so young as you.


3. Essa mala est menos pesada do que aquela.
(heavy)

This bag is less heavy than that one.

EXERCISES
4. Voc mais esperto do que eles. (smart)

You are smarter than they.

5. Esta rua mais larga do que aquela. (wide)


This street is larger than that one.
6. O livro mais chato do que o filme. (boring)
The book is more boring than the movie.
7. Esta lio melhor do que aquela. (good)
This lesson is better that that one.

SUPERLATIVE OF INFERIORITY

The

least

adjective

O,A(s) menos
Este carro o menos caro da agncia.
THIS CAR IS THE LEAST EXPENSIVE OF THE
AGENCY.

Voc o menos baixo na sala de aula.


YOU ARE THE LEAST SHORT IN THE
CLASSROOM.

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

For all adjectives with one syllable


For adjectives with two syllables which
end in OW, ER, LE, Y

THE (adjective + EST)


O,A,(s)
mais
John o cara mais rico da cidade.
JOHN IS THE RICHEST GUY OF THE CITY.

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
Ontem foi o dia mais quente da semana.
YESTERDAY WAS THE HOTTEST DAY OF THE
WEEK.
Este o exerccio mais fcil do livro.
THIS IS THE EASIEST EXERCISE OF THE
BOOK.
Voc o mais esperto na sua turma?
ARE YOU THE SMARTEST IN YOUR GROUP?

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

COLD COLDEST
BIG BIGGEST
LARGE LARGEST
NARROW NARROWEST
SHALLOW SHALLOWEST
CLEVER CLEVEREST
GENTLE GENTLEST
PRETTY PRETTIEST

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY

For adjectives with two syllables (NOT


ENDING IN OW, ER, LE, Y)

For adjectives with more than two


syllables

THE MOST
O,A,(s) mais

adjective

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
Michel o mais hbil na computao de
dados.
MICHEL IS THE MOST SKILLFUL AT DATA
COMPUTING.
Ele o motorista mais descuidado que eu
conheo.
HE IS THE MOST CARELESS DRIVER THAT
IVE EVER KNOWN.

SUPERLATIVE OF SUPERIORITY
SPECIAL CASES
ADJECTIVES

GOOD
BAD
FAR

Superlative of superiority

THE
THE
THE
THE

BEST
WORST
FARTHEST
FURTHEST

Degrees of Adjectives
GRADUAL INCREASE
Its formed by repeating twice
the adjective in the comparative of
superiority

cada vez mais frio = Colder and colder


cada vez mais famoso= More and more

famous

GRADUAL INCREASE
Eles esto ficando cada vez mais gordos.
They are getting fatter and fatter.
Isto est se tornando cada vez mais
interessante.
This is becoming more and more
interesting.

Degrees of Adjectives
PARALLEL INCREASE
Its formed by using the article THE and
the adjectives in the comparative of
superiority

Quanto mais pesado, mais caro


The heavier, the more expensive

PARALLEL INCREASE
Ele disse que quanto mais cedo, melhor.
He said that the earlier, the better.
Quanto mais leve, mais rpido.
The lighter, the faster.
Quanto mais famoso, mais difcil de ver.
The more famous, the more difficult its
to see.