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CRITICAL ISSUES IN DATA MINING:

PRIVACY, NATIONAL SECURITY AND PERSONAL


LIBERTY IMPLICATIONS OF DATA MINING

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THE INFERENCE
PROBLEM

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PRIVACY ISSUES OF
DATA MINING
Information available freely on the internet being used
illegitimately against the person.
The social aspect of data mining privacy considering
that different groups have different standards on social
The legal an political aspects including controls on the
web and servers, the consequences of violating privacy
policies and transfer of information between countries.

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CIVIL LIBERTIES V.S


NATIONAL SECURITY
Civil liberty involves everything from pro0tecting the
rights of individuals, be they human, civil or privacy
rights. Gathering information about people, mining
data about them, surveillance on personal
conversations may result in violation of their rights to
privacy.
The main concern is whether to gather information
and prosecute when violation on privacy occurs or
wait until the national disasters occurs to gather data.
Among the questions that arise include
Is it worth sacrificing privacy to ensure some level of national security
assuming the information is not misused?
Should national security be placed first and then prosecute those who violate
privacy if its not possible to safeguard this private information?

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PRIVACY ENHANCED DATA MINING


AND NATIONAL SECURITY
Since national security is very important to most
nations in view of the terrorism activity the world over,
one of the way to ensure privacy of personal
information is through sensitive data mining.
Here, data mining is allowed but under enhanced
privacy protection measures
Sensitive data mining involves determining, in advance
those patterns are private and which are public since
patterns are what constitutes the inference problem.

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SOLVING THE
INFERENCE PROBLEM
Bhavani Thuraisingham (2002) proposes the following
measures to deal with the inference problem in data
mining:
Build an inference controller that detect possible inference problems by a user and
restricting the use of those patterns
The other strategy would be to classify the information such that the user would not
be confident in the results and will therefore find the inferences made useless.
Lastly, the person holding the data can test the data to see if any inferences can be
made using the data. However, this approach is limited because on cannot predict all
the inferences that could be made from the data or the combinnation of tools that will
be used in data mining to get these inferences.

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REFERENCES
Farkas, C., & Jajodia, S. (2002). The Inference Problem:
A Survey. Center for Secure Information Systems ,
Fairfax, VA.
Thuraisingham, B. (2005). Data Mining, National
Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties. Arlington, VA:
Mendeley Ltd.

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