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The Analects

Who Was Confucius?

Chinese scholar,
teacher, and statesman
Member of the upper
551-479 B.C.
Never wrote anything
Students recorded his
Sayings were compiled
into The Four Books
Most famous collection
of quotes is called The
Analects (Confucius).
(Confucius Statue at Qufu)

Teacher and Statesman

(The Gate Entrance to the Kong Family Residence)

Taught young men only

(admitted all who showed a
desire and ability to learn)
His home was the school in
Qufu (poorer students lived
with him)
Used small group or oneon-one conversations
Required study of morality,
literature, rituals, music,
archery, calligraphy,
mathematics, and
Proposed a series of
examinations to place
students in careers

Teachings of Confucius
Based on THE THREE
Ruler over the subject
Father over the son
Husband over the wife

(Confucius Teaching)

If these are followed, the

world will be at peace;
however, if these are
violated, the world will
be in chaos (Yan,

Confucian Ideals
Ren: benevolence
and kindliness toward
Yi: faithful friendship
Li: ritual and propriety
Zhi: wisdom
Zhang: loyalty

Shu: reciprocity
Xiao: filial piety
(familial places)
Ti: brotherly love
Xin: sincerity, honesty,
and trust (Yan,

Sought to teach pupils

how to think, not what
to think

Core Values
Emphasizes the importance
of education
Values harmony and
Opposes distinction of
Honors family through
ancestor worship
Encourages the
establishment of morality
on all levels
Emphasizes kind and
humane governance
Moderation in all things, the
Middle Way (Yan, History)

His philosophy is preserved

The Confucian Analects
The Great Learning
The Doctrine of the Mean

The Analects, or Lun Yu

(Analects of Confucius)

Followers of Confucius
compiled his teachings
into The Four Books
The Analects is the last of
these four.
Contains aphorisms,
proverbs, maxims, sayings
of Confucius
Deals with attaining true
Emphasizes strengthening
relationships to ones
family, neighbors, country,
the earth, and heaven

Confucius says
Wake yourself up with
poetry and complete
your education with
Teaching is half of
A youth must be
respected. How do you
know that his future
may not exceed your

Dont criticize other

peoples faults; criticize
your own.
A person of true
wisdom knows what he
knows and knows what
he does not know.
Do not do to others
what you do not want
others to do to you
(Confucius, The

Works Cited
Analects of Confucius. Photograph. Cultural China. 2007. Web. 31 Oct. 2011.
Bledsoe, Helen W. "Confucius: Teacher and Statesman." Calliope 10.2 (1999). Academic Search
Premiere. Web. 28 Oct. 2011.
Confucius. Confucius: The Analects. Trans. D. C. Lau. Hong Kong: Chinese UP, 1992. Print.
"Confucius." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 02 Nov. 2011.
Confucian Education in Contemporary China. 2008. Photograph. Beijing. Neo-Confucian Schools.
CRCC/USC, 2008. Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://crcc.usc.edu/initiatives/ncs/>.
Confucius Statue at Qufu. 2008. Photograph. Qufu. What Confucius Said. Shunya, Nov. 2008.
Web. 31 Oct. 2011. <http://www.shunya.net/Text/Blog/WhatConfuciusSaid.htm>.
Confucius Teaching. Qufu. English East Day. 2001. Web. 31 Oct. 2011.
Gard, Carolyn. "The Analects." Calliope 2.10 (2009). Academic Search Premiere. Web. 15 Oct.
Lannom, Gloria W. "After Confucius." Middle Search Plus. EBSCO, Oct. 1999. Web. 31 Oct.
Slavicek, Louise C. "Confucianism Today." Middle Search Plus. EBSCO, Oct. 1999. Web. 31 Oct.
The Gate Entrance to the Kong Family Residence. 2009. Photograph. Qufu. Hakloot. 2009. Web.
31 Oct. 2011. <http://www.hansdewaele.com/?p=39>.
Yan, Wenqiang. "Chinese Buddhism with Chinese Characteristics." Fulbright-Hays Seminars
Abroad. China, Chongqing. 13 July 2011. Lecture.
Yan, Wenqiang. "History of Confucianism." Message to the author. 24 Sept. 2011. E-mail.