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9.

Endangered
Ecosystem

9.1 Human Activities


that Endangered an
Ecosystem

What are the humans activities that

threatened the ecosystem?


What are the impact of human activities
on the ecosystem?

Pollution
Pollution - Any undesirable change in the

natural environment caused by pollutant.

Pollutant substance that cause pollution


Types of environmental pollution:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Air pollution
Water pollution
Soil pollution
Pollution caused by solid waste and
hazardous (dangerous) waste
Noise pollution

Formation of acid rain

Effects of acid rain


1. Corrodes metals, rubber, plastics and

other materials.
2. Destroyed plant tissues and damages
plant roots.
3. Reduces the pH value of the soil making
it unsuitable for farming.
4. Increase the acidity of aquatic ecosystem
( kill the planktons and aquatic organism)

9.2 The Greenhouse


Effects and the Thinning
of the Ozone Layer

Greenhouse effect
Occur when greenhouse gases

accumulates in the atmosphere to form a


layer of gases
Greenhouse gases carbon dioxide,
chlorofluorocarbon, nitrogen oxides and,
methane
The layer of gases trap the Suns heat
around the world
Greenhouse effect cause the global
warming

Consequential of greenhouse effect


Global warming: the increase in the

average temperature of the earth


High temperature causes drought occurs
More inland lakes and rivers may dry up
and deserts may expand
Melting of polar ice (cause a rise in sea
level)
Flood occurs at low and areas as the
level of the sea rises

Greenhouse
Found in temperate
countries
Use to grow plants and
vegetables
The heat from the sun
is trapped inside and
this keeps the soil and
air warm

Greenhouse gases
Carbon dioxide
Methane
Nitrous oxide
CFCs

Solutions to global
warming
Reduce the burning of fossil

fuel to conserve energy


Develop alternative sources
of energy
Reduce deforestation
Replant trees which had been
cut down

Ozone layer
located in the atmosphere.
consist of ozone molecules which

made up of three oxygen atom (O3).


act as protective shield that absorb
the Suns harmful UV radiation

Thinning of ozone layer


Main cause - chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)
CFC man made gases used as

refrigerant (substance that make things


cold or freeze) and propellants
(compressed gas that forces out the
content of an aerosol container)
CFC when exposed to UV radiation will
release chlorine atom which can break
down ozone molecules in chain reaction
causing the ozone layer become thinner.

What are the impact of global warming and

the thinning of ozone layer on the


ecosystem?

9.3 The Importance of


Proper Management of
Development Activities
and the Ecosystem

The need for development and the


effects of an increasing population on the
ecosystem
The increasing in population cause the

increase in development.
Development interfere the balance in
nature.
Unplanned and unmanaged development
cause environmental problems.
Proper management of development
activities are important

The importance of proper


management of development
activities

Natural resource are non-renewable

means once they have been used they


cannot be replaced.
They need to be manage in proper ways
to maintain balance in nature.
Uncontrolled use of the natural
resources will cause them to be used up.

The importance of proper


management of development
activities

Carry out sustainable development to

balance the demands and the needs for


resources with the need to conserve the
resources.

Measures taken in the


management of development
activities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Implementation of laws
Use of technology
Education on the management of
resources
Preservation and conservation
activities
The practice of biological control