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Telecommunication in
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. A Modern View
3. Role of Telecom in a Country
4. State of Pakistans Telecom Industry
5. History with Reference to Pakistan
7. Mobile Telephony in Pakistan
8. Instaphone, Mobilink, Ufone, Warid, Telenor Zong
9. Market Share of Cellular Networks
10. 105 M subscriber in Pakistan
11. WiMAX
12. Witribe, Qubee, Mobilink Infinity, Wateen, EVO, SMART TV
13. Telecommunication An Honor
14. Need More For Pakistan

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Telecommunication is the transmission of
information over significant distances to communicate
In earlier times, telecommunications involved the use
of visual signals, such as, smoke signals, semaphore
telegraphs, signal flags, and optical heliographs, or
audio messages via coded drumbeats

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Introduction Contd
Telecommunications also includes the use of electrical devices such
as telegraphs, telephones, and teleprinters, the use of radio
and microwave communications, as well as fiber optics and their
associated electronics, plus the use of the orbiting
satellites and the Internet.

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A Modern View
Communication has been a major resource to the human race by
being able to transfer information from one to another. While many
different forms exist such as sign language, speaking, and body
language, it is telecommunication that has changed the world
throughout the last hundred or more years.
The telecommunications system has three different things in order
to transmit what is presented.
Some major examples of todays telecommunications are cell
phones, computers, and e-mail. Before the internet was available
communications have been broadcasted

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Role of Telecom in a Country

Telecommunication Services play a key role in the growth of
economy, facilitating efficiency and growth across the wide range of
users industry in any country.
The level of Telecommunication development is a determining factor
for economy, social and cultural development of a country.

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State of Pakistans Telecom

Pakistan has remained as the fastest growing mobile
telecom market in Asia. Currently, the telecom sector is
undergoing intense competition among the six mobile
operators, one major fixed-line operator and few small
fixed-line operators. In the best interest of their long
sustainability, the mobile operators are forming
strategies driven towards being at lowest cost,
extensive network coverage and connectivity,
innovative products and segmentation

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History with Reference to Pakistan

At the time of independence and telecommunication services were performed by a single
department known as Pakistan post and telegraph (P&T)


The first step towards reform in telecommunication sector was made in 1962.when the
ayyub khan government decided to split up the (PT&T) department into two separate
departments Pakistan post and Pakistan telephone & telegraph (PT&T)


On December 5th ,1990 the PT&T department was transformed into
Pakistan telecommunication corporation (PTC)

Pakistan telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) is a company
established to undertake the telecommunication business formally carried
on by Pakistan in Jan 1996.

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History Contd
Under the PTCL reorganization act, 1996 the telecommunication sectors
were split up into four bodies.

Pakistan Telecommunication Company limited (PTCL)

Pakistan telecommunication authority (PTA)
National Telecommunication Corporation (NTC)
Frequency allocation board (FAB)

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Pakistan telecommunication authority is a regulatory body
responsible for monitoring the telecommunication business in
Pakistan. It frames rules and regulation for private telecom
companies such as
mobile phone companies,
internet service providers,
paging companies and pay card phone companies.

It also issues licenses to the new companies in entering to this


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National Telecom Corp

National Telecom Corporation (NTC) is
responsible to provide the
telecommunication services to the various
departments of government and armed

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Pakistan Telecommunication Company limited is the primary provider of

telecommunications services in Pakistan.
The range of its services includes
basic telephone telegraph, fax, telex, email, digital cross connect, public
data network, internet, isdn, broadband, IPTV, teleconferencing and other
digital facilities.

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Mobile Telephony in Pakistan

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Instaphone introduced mobile telephony in Pakistan in 1991 with
AMS technology. It holds honor of Pioneering coverage to an ever
expanding network of 185 Cities and pioneering consumer-favorable
initiatives such as; Instaone, Xcities, Pre-paid plans, Calling Party
Pays, low end pre-paid cards, 12 months Free Incoming, Roam
Free Incoming, Interconnect SMS services and International SMS

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Mobilink GSM (PMCL) started its operations in 1994. The first cellular
service provider to operate on a 100% digital GSM technology in Pakistan,
offer both postpaid (Indigo) and prepaid (JAZZ).
At the top of the list of Pakistani mobile companies is
Mobilink, the Pakistani unit of Egypt-based telecom company Orascom. It
has been in Pakistan since 1994 till today With 32 million subscribers by
it has the largest market share. Its shares are listed on the Egyptian and
London stock markets (OTLD).

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Ufone GSM is a cellular telephony which start its service in January

28, 2001 under the brand name of Ufone from Islamabad, And
launched by the PTCL.
Ufone, a wholly owned subsidiary of Pakistan Telecommunication
Co. Ltd (PTCL), is now under the control of Etisalat group of UAE.
With 20 million subscribers it is the runner up. For those in Pakistan
it is the one company where they can easily invest locally.


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Ufone Launches 3 Android


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Warid, owned by the Abu Dhabi group of the United Arab Emirates and sister of
Wateen group started its operation in may 25, 2005.
Recently it sold 30% share to SingTel. Warid started it services in Pakistan May
2005. Since than Warid Telecom successfully launched the services covering
Total subscriber by 2011 are 17.5 Million

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Telenor acquired the license for providing GSM services in Pakistan

in April 2004, and had launched its services commercially in
Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi.
Norway Telenor, a recent entrant with about a billion US dollar
invesment in Pakistan has been doing well
Currently having 25 million subscriber.
Telenor stock is listed in the Oslo stock market (TEL) and Nasdaq
Mainly have two Packages

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CMPak (Zong brand), formerly Paktel, was the latest target of

foreign acquisition. After it got acquired by China Mobile it was
rebranded as Zong and launched one of the most successful and
aggressive campaigns. Within a matter of few months, Zong has
achieved a 9% market share.
Having about 9.2 million subscriber

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Market share of Cellular Networks

of Pakistan

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Cellular Subscribers Surpass

105 million Mark
Cellular users in the country have crossed 105 million
mark at the end of Feb 2011. According to data released
by Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, Mobilink
remains the largest cellular company with 33 percent
market share while Telenor remains second with Ufone
and Warid to Follow.

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WiMAX meaning Worldwide Interoperability for

Microwave Access is a telecommunications
technology that provides for the wireless
transmission of data using a variety of
transmission modes.
There are several companies providing Wimax
In Pakistan i.e Wateen, Witribe, Mobilink,Qubee

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Pakistan's number 1 broadband company, is part of an

international broadband service, bringing a new era of
internet access.
Launched 30 June 2009
wi-tribe provides quality wireless connectivity.
Low cost and high volume packages

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Pakistan no 1 Broadband
Company in Quality
Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) announced
that wi-tribe Pakistan successfully ranked number one in
both the Technology Neutral and Wireless categories for
highest Quality of Service, despite being the youngest
broadband company, after just over one year of launching
commercial services
wi-tribes service is currently available in the
following cities:
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Wi-Tribe Introduces Tablets

Wi-Tribe has become the first broadband

operator to offer a range of tablets to its
users. Tablets being offered are: HTC Flyer
Dell Streak Samsung Galaxy Tab P1000

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Free wi-tribe Connection With

HTC Flyer, Samsung Galaxy Tab
or Dell Streak

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Augere's Qubee Launched
Qubee An Augere Brand, we discussed earlier,
have now been officially launched in Karachi.
Qubee has become the fourth player offering
WiMAX services in Karachi, Wifi services providers
a company owned by Augere
Wireless Internet broadband

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Qubee is available in all major cities of Pakistan

including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Rawalpindi
& Hyderabad.
they will soon be available right across Pakistan.


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Wateen Telecom is the Abu Dhabi Group's latest venture in

Pakistan. After the successful launch of Warid Telecom in Pakistan,
which has a subscriber base of over 17.5 million customers in 145
Wateen Telecom has been set up to become the leading "Carrier's
Carrier" providing services based on quality, reliability and
affordability in the communication and media sector.
Wateen - which is using WiMAX solution from Motorola and its
cable/fiber network to offer triple play of phone, TV and broadband.

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Next Generation Broadband Technology

Mobilink, Pakistans cellular market announced the commercial
launch of Mobilink Infinity, a wireless broadband and telephony
service for residential and enterprise consumers based on the
mobile WiMAX.

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Experience the evolution of the broadband revolution with PTCLs Evo the ultimate solution for high speed internet access on the move
Superior 3G experience
Broadband Internet in your pocket
Average download speed from 500 kbps to 700 kbps and upload 300
kbps to 500 kbps
Plug & Play - Instant Connectivity

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PTCL SMART TV Using its state of the art Broadband

network, PTCL entered the media sector on 14th August
2008, by launching a digital interactive television service
for the first time in Pakistan. Employing the IPTV
(Internet Protocol TV) technology, PTCL brought
Pakistan in the list of a few countries across the globe
that offer this state of the art interactive TV service to its

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Telecommunication Honor
Pakistan has also had some strategic wins in the international
telecommunication scene. This month Pakistan won the council seat
of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Chairman
Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) was elected as
member of Radio Regulation Board of ITU. Pakistan also holds the
office of President in Asia Pacific Telecommunity. ITU has also
announced that it will setup a Center of Excellence in Pakistan for
telecommunication regulation and policy.

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Need More For Pakistan

There is still a long way to go for Pakistan telecom industry.
Pakistan needs to increase telecom research and development
work within the country.
Two top Chinese telecom equipment firms have announced
their plans to collaborate with
Pakistan: Huawei is working
with UET Lahore and ZTE will setup R&D center in Islamabad.
The goal of the policy makers should be to increase the rate of
transfer of technology from abroad, broaden the pool of local skilled
workforce and accelerate the local production of
equipment and handset parts etc.

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Challenge For Pakistan

The main Telecommunication challenge in Pakistan is to multiply the
number of lines, increased telephony penetration and geographic
coverage leading to a more balanced distribution of the essential
benefits of the services. And to introduce high technology products
to compete with the high speed growth in the world for prosperous in
the country.

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PTCL EVO Tab The Future of

Wireless Telecommunication

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Presented By
CLASS No: 147
Section C
Institute of Management Studies
University Of Peshawar

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