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NodeB hardware system structure

ISSUE 1.0

Huawei Confidential. All Rights Reserved

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be


able to:

Master the hardware structure of the


NodeB;

Master the functional principle of the


subsystems

Master the functional principle of the board.

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References

31026663- BTS3812E System


Description(V1.50)

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Section 1 Introduction to Huaweis NodeB solution


Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E

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Huaweis NodeB products

Huawei offers a series of WCDMA NodeBs conform to 3GPP R4/R5 FDD


protocols

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Huaweis NodeB products

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Huaweis Macro NodeB products

BTS3812E
Cabinet appearance

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Huaweis Macro NodeB products

BTS3812A
Cabinet appearance

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Huaweis Mini NodeB products

BTS3801 / 2 / 3 C
Cabinet appearance

BTS3801C

BTS3802C

BTS3803C

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Huaweis Distributed NodeB solution

Appearance of DBS3800 units

BBU3806

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RRU3801C

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Section 1 Introduction to Huaweis NodeB solution


Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E

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Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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System Composition

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The system of BTS3812E includes cabinet, antenna & feeder


subsystem, O&M terminal, environment monitoring equipment and
clock synchronization source.

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BTS3812E under full configuration

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The Logical Structure of BTS3812E


The logical structure of BTS3812E:

Transport
Subsystem

Antenna

MTRU
NULP

RNC

RF Subsystem

Baseband
Subsystem

NDTI/
NAOI
NDLP

Rx path o

Rxo
NBBI

Rx1
Tx

MAFU

Rx path1
PA

Tx path

NTTA
Antenna

Duplexer

NTTA

NMPT

Control
Subsystem

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NMON

BTS3812E cabinet

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The Logical Structure of BTS3812A

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Summary

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In this section ,we have talked about the system composition,


logical structure and the working principle of the
BTS3812E/BTS3812A.

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Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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Transport subsystem

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Consisting of NDTI and NAOI to interface with the RNC

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Operation of NDTI / NAOI

Operating environment of NDTI / NAOI in BTS3812E

HULP
NDTI/
NAOI

NBBI

RNC

HDLP
NMPT

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Boards -NDTI

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Providing E1/T1 ports to transmit ATM cells in IMA/UNI modes and


supports AAL2 switching
Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing them
for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire NodeB.
Each NDTI provides up to eight E1/T1 ports that serve as the
physical ports between NodeB and RNC. It achieves transport
between 2G and 3G systems in the fractional ATM mode and circuit
emulation mode.
NDTIs can be installed in slots 12 and 13.
The two NDTIs can share load. Under minimum configuration, at
least one NAOI or NDTI must be installed.

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Boards -NAOI

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Supporting the transmission of ATM cells over STM-1 and


supports AAL2 switching.
Each NAOI provides two 155 M optical ports. One port can
satisfy the capacity requirement of the NodeB and the other is for
cascading.
Providing four E1/T1 ports serving as circuit-emulation
transmission channels for other equipment in the room.
Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing
them for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire
NodeB.

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Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the transport


subsystem composition, features and the
working principle .

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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Baseband Subsystem

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Performing downlink processing, uplink processing and closed loop


processing on the physical layer.
Including HULPs, HDLPs and NBBIs.

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Baseband Subsystem

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The baseband subsystem provides the following functions:


Downlink processing: The baseband subsystem receives FP
packets from the transport subsystem. After channel coding,
downlink modulation and power control, it transmits the data to the
NBBI. The NBBI then allocates the DL data to the RF subsystem or
RRU.
Uplink processing: The baseband subsystem receives the UL
baseband data from the RF subsystem or the RRU. After
demodulation and decoding, it sends the data in the format of FP
packets to the transport subsystem.
Closed loop processing: The baseband subsystem implements
physical layer closed loop processing for uplink & downlink power
control, and DL closed loop transmit diversity processing. It
retrieves related control information ( ex. uplink TPC, downlink
TPC) from the UL received data and then sends the control
information to DL transmit channels.

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Boards-NBBI

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NBBI provides an interface between the RF subrack and the


baseband subrack.
processes UL baseband signals and DL baseband signals. One
NBBI can process up to UL signals and DL signals over 128
channels. The UL resources of NBBI and HULP build up the UL
resource pool. The DL resources of NBBI and HDLP form the DL
resource pool.
Work in 1+1 backup mode .

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Operation of NBBI

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Operating Environment NBBIs

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Boards-NBOI

The NodeB baseband processing and optical interface unit (NBOI)


is basically an NBBI plus a sub-board, that is, NodeB optical
interface transfer unit (NOIT). NBOI is applicable to
BTS3812E&BTS3812A connected with RRUs.
The NBOI has the following functions:
Provides an interface between the RRU and the baseband
subrack in the master cabinet.
Processing 128 uplink and downlink channel signals
NBOI contains three optical ports supporting remote RRU
connection over 0.55 km (multi-mode), 10 km, and 40 km (singlemode)

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Operation of NBOI

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Operating Environment of NBOIs

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Boards-HDLP

NodeB HSDPA supported downlink processing unit (HDLP)


encodes and modulates DL signals.

One HDLP can process up to DL signals over 384 voice channels.


HDLP supports DL processing of HSDPA services.
HDLPs can be installed in slots 8 and 9. Under minimum
configuration, no HDLP might be installed.

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Operation of HDLP

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Operating environment of an HDLP in the system

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Boards-HULP

NodeB HSDPA supported uplink processing unit (HULP) performs


search over uplink (UL) access channels, demodulation over
dedicated channels (DCH), and UL decoding.
One HULP can process up to UL signals over 128 voice channels.
HULP supports UL processing of HSDPA services.
HULPs can be configured in slots 2 to 7 in the baseband subrack.
Under minimum configuration, it is not necessary to configure
HULPs.

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Operation of HULP

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operating environment of NULP

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Summary

Summary

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In this section, we have learnt the baseband


subsystem and the NBBI NBOI, HDLP,
HULP boards.

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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RF Subsystem

The RF subsystem includes MTRU and MAFU subracks.

MAFU

MTRU
NBBI

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MAFU

MAFU

MAFU

MAFU

MAFU

MTRU

MTRU

MTRU

MTRU

MTRU

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Boards-MTRU

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Each MTRU provides two Rx channels and one Tx channel.


Each MTRU supports bi-carrier processing.
If the MTRU support two carriers, the configuration of output power
in each carrier can be flexible.
By output power, there are two types of MTRU: 38 W and 50 W.
BTS3812E can host up to six MTRUs.

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Boards-MAFU

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BTS3812E can host one to six MAFU, and one to six MTRUs
accordingly. That is, the number of MAFU configured to
BTS3812E&BTS3812A is the same as that of MTRU.

MAFU controls the TMA and RET through feeders and built-in
internal (antenna interface standards group (AISG) interface.

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Operation of MTRU / MAFU

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Typical configuration of 1x1-2 way receive diversity

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Operation of MTRU / MAFU


Typical configuration
of 3x2 - 2 way receive diversity

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Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the RF


subsystem composition and its working
principle .

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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Control Subsystem

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The control subsystem includes NMPT and NMON.

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Boards-NMPT
equipment management, performance testing, configuration
management, NBAP common signaling processing, software
download, switchover between active and standby NMPTs, and
management of other boards in the system.
Controlling NFAN and environment monitoring equipment through
NCCU.
It provides reference clock signals for the entire NodeB..
A BTS3812E cabinet can host up to two NMPTs, which work in the
active/standby mode.

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Operation of NMPT

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Operating environment of NMPT

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Boards -NMON

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NMON provides the input and output interfaces for the NodeB to
monitor other equipment. The 32-line input interface is used to
collect alarms of the peripheral devices and the 7-line output
interface is used to control other equipment.
NMON adjusts and controls the RET through the MAFU.

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Operation of NMON

Operating environment of NMON

MAFU

NMPT

NMON

RET

Input ports

Output control ports

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Clock Synchronization

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BTS3812E supports three clock synchronization modes:


Synchronization with Iub interface clock signals
Synchronization with GPS clock signals
Synchronization with external reference clock signals
Internal free-run mode .
The clock synchronization of the BTS3812E is achieved by the clock
module of the NMPT, which provides timing signals for the entire
NodeB.

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Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the control


subsystem composition and its working
principle .

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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Antenna & Feeder Subsystem

composition:

Antenna

Antenna
stand
Jumper
Jumper
TMA

Feeder
Jumper

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NodeB
cabinet

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Antenna & Feeder Subsystem

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Antenna :
By radiation features in horizontal directions:
- Omni directional antennas
- Directional antennas
By polarization features:
- Single polarization antennas
- Dual polarization antennas
The antenna connector is a DIN connector (7/16'').

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Feeder

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Feeder :
For the main feeders, there are three choices:
7/8" feeders: used for the distance shorter than 40 m
5/4" feeders: used for the distance longer than 40 m
1/2" super-flexible cables are used between:
Antennas and main feeders;
Antennas and TMAs;
Cabinet and main feeders.

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TMA

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A tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification


module installed on the tower top. It is the RF front end. TMA
amplifies the received weak signals on the tower top to increase the
receive sensitivity and improve the UL receiving performance.
There are two types of TMAs:
Single TMA;
Double TMAs.
The bypass function on power-off ensures that the received signals
can bypass LNA and reach the BTS3812E upon LNA failure.

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Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the Antenna


& Feeder subsystem and its components .

Internal Use

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E


Chapter 1 System Architecture
Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem
Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem
Chapter 4 RF Subsystem
Chapter 5 Control Subsystem
Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem
Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem
Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration

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O&M Subsystem

O&M Subsystem composition:

LMT

iManager M2000

NodeB
IP over Ethernet

IPoA

RNC

LMT
IPoA
NodeB

Modem

Internet/DDN

PSTN
Modem

IP over Ethernet

LMT

LMT
LMT
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O&M Subsystem

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operators can perform O&M for a NodeB through the following three
ways:
Far end maintenance: Maintaining NodeBs on M2000 Client in
the NMS center through the Internet or Intranet provided by the
operator. The RNC provides the IP route
Near end maintenance: Maintaining a NodeB on LMT through
the local Ethernet port of the NodeB.
Reversed maintenance: Maintaining another NodeB on LMT
through the local Ethernet port of this NodeB. The RNC provides
the IP route.

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O&M Subsystem

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The maintenance terminals include the LMT and M2000.


The LMT can perform maintenance for only one NodeB at a time.
M2000 provides powerful remote centralized O&M functions and
can perform maintenance for several NEs including NodeBs.

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O&M Subsystem

Hardware of O&M subsystem

NodeB Cabinet

NDTI/
NAOI
NDLP
NULP

M2000

NBBI

MTRU

NMON

MAFU

NMPT
LMT

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Summary

Summary

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In this section ,we have learnt the O&M


subsystem composition and its working
principle .

Internal Use

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