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HOW TO SURVIVE AN

EARTHQUAKE
EARTHQUAKE - An earthquake is a sudden motion or trembling of the
ground produced by the abrupt displacement of rock masses

BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE

Before the Earthquake Learn how to survive during


the ground motion. This is described in the
"During the Earthquake" section below. The
earthquake safety tips there will prepare you for
the fast action needed - most earthquakes are
over in seconds so knowing what to do
instinctively is very important.

Teach all members of your family about


earthquake safety. This includes: 1) the actions
you should take when an earthquake occurs, 2)
the safe places in a room such as under a strong
desk, along interior walls, and 3) places to avoid
such as near windows, large mirrors, hanging
objects, heavy furniture and fireplaces.

Stock up on emergency supplies. These include: battery


operated radio (and extra batteries), flashlights (and
extra batteries), first aid kit, bottled water, two weeks
food and medical supplies, blankets, cooking fuel, tools
needed to turn off your gas, water and electric utilities.

Arrange your home for safety: Store heavy objects


on lower shelves and store breakable objects in
cabinents with latched doors. Don't hang heavy
mirrors or pictures above where people frequently
sit or sleep.
Anchor heavy appliances and furniture such as
water heaters, refrigerators and bookcases.

Store flamable liquids away from potential ignition


sources such as water heaters, stoves and
furnaces.
Get Educated. Learn what to do during an
earthquake (see below). Then you will be ready for
the fast action needed. Make sure that all
members of your family have this important
education.

Learn where the main turn-offs are for your water,


gas and electricity. Know how to turn them off and
the location of any needed tools.

DURING AN EARTHQUAKE
INDOORS OR OUTDOORS, TAKE ACTION AT
THE FIRST INDICATION OF AN EARTHQUAKE.

If indoors
1. Drop to the ground; take cover by getting under a sturdy table or other
piece of furniture; and hold on until the shaking stops. If there is no table or
desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an
inside corner of the building.
2. Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the corner of
a room, under a table or even under a bed.
3. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that
could fall, (such as lighting fixtures or furniture).
4. Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and
protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that
could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.

5. Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close


proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly
supported, load bearing doorway.
6. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the
sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.

If outdoors
1. Avoid moving. However, move away from buildings, trees,
streetlights, and utility wires.
2. If you are in open space, stay there until the shaking stops.
The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings; at exits;
and alongside exterior walls. Most earthquake-related
casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and
falling objects.

If in a moving vehicle

1. Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the


vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings,
trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
2. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has
stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might
have been damaged by the earthquake.

If trapped under debris

1. Do not light a match.


2. Do not move about or kick up dust.
3.Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
4. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if
one is available. Shout if you have no other way to communicate.
Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust so be
careful.

THANK YOU!!

PREPARED BY: ARAIZA MAE MERCADO


SALVINO AL PARAS
10-PIETY