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APPLICATION OF MULTI-SEGMENTED

WELL MODULE IN HORIZONTAL WELL


Elisabeth Maria Wawolumaya
Reservoir Engineer
Software Integrated Solutions

Background
Objectives

Horizontal
wells
provideand
significant
and are becoming
a preferred
optionwell
in
To deliver the
concept
effect of benefits
Multi-segmented
Well model
in horizontal
many
cases.
compared
to Standard Well Model.
Several types of well models in ECLIPSE (e.g: Standard Well, Multi-segmented
Well)
Concerns about the loss of productivity in horizontal well due to water coning.
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Outline

INTRODUCTION TO ECLIPSE
WELL MODEL

What
is a well model?
Fluid Traveling
from Reservoir to Surface
Pwh @ Surface

Reference depth
to surface

Well model

Well connection to
reference depth

BHP @ Ref. depth


Grid block to
well connection

Grid block to
grid block

The flow in the wellbore itself is modeled in two stages:


1)Well connections to Reference depth
2)Reference depth to Surface VFP table
Pressure at reference depth is calculated
to satisfy the well constraints (prod rate target)
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ECLIPSE Well Models

2
1

Well connections to
Reference depth (BHP)

Reference depth
(BHP) to Surface

Flow Equations

q p ,i

2k rp ,i kh p p ,i pbhp pi

p ,i B p ,i ln ro / rw S

qp,tot

qp,1

Total flow at surface = sum of flows at each connection:


qp,tot = qp,1 + qp,2 + + qp,n

q p ,i Ti M p ,i po ,i pbhp pi

qp,2

qp,n

Transmissibility

cKh
Tj
ln ro / rw S

Mobility

M g ,i

k rg ,i

Potential
Difference

Pressure Drop

Bg ,i g ,i
3 solution variables
PBHP, Fwater, Fgas

Pressure Drop

q p ,i Ti M p ,i po ,i pbhp pi
Pum p or
c o m p re s s o r

F ric tio n a l p r e s s u r e d r o p a n d
A c c e le ra tio n p r e s s u r e d ro p

Reference depth to Surface (VFP table)


H y d r o s ta tic
c o r r e c tio n
fro m B H P
d a tu m to
V F P d a tu m

BHP ref. depth

H y d r o s ta tic
c o r r e c tio n
fro m B H P
d a tu m to
c o n n e c tio n

Well connections to Reference depth

ptot = pfriction + pacceleration + phydrostatic


In standard well model, phydr

>>> pfrict & pacc

ptot = phyd = gh

phydr >>> pfrict & pacc

ptot = phyd = gh

Horizontal wells often have


frictional pressure loss

Multi-segmented Well Model


Specifically designed for horizontal and multilateral wells.
Detailed description of fluid flow
Dividing wellbore into a number of segments
Each segment has its own set of independent variables to describe the local fluid
conditions.

MSW Application: Horizontal Well

Pr

Pr

Pheel

P
P

Friction

Pr
P

Ptoe

Acceleration

f
L
D

Fanning friction factor


length
Tubing ID
fluid density
fluid velocity

Hydrostatic

C unit conversion constant


w mass flow rate of the fluid mixture through the segmented
A segmenteds area of cross-section for flow

PETREL DEMO PROJECT

1. Model Description

GWC

Phase: Dry gas & Water


Porosity = 0.25
High permeability (x, y, z direction) = 3,000 mD
Perforation Length (horizontal section) = 2,000 m

Fine Grid
i, j increment = 50 m
k increment = 10 m
X max = 10,000 m
Y max = 10,000 m
Thickness = 1,000 m

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2. Completion Design &


Development Strategy
The well is completed in 21 grid blocks (2 km
length)
Well production control
Gas rate target = 5E8 sm3/day
BHP limit = 10 bar

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3. Defining MSW
2

Segment up to

- Phase
Default
slip top connection / device
in the well
Drift Flux Model
Above the top segment VFP
Allows
tableslip between phases
BHP reference depth

Homogenous flow model


All phases
Segmentflow
perwith
cell the same
Ensures each fluid entry to
velocity
perforations is modeled separately.

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Segment numeration

Segment
up to

BHP
reference depth

Segment
Number

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Branch
Number

4. Inserting segmentation
set to the simulation model

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SIMULATION RESULTS

Results (Fine Grid, High K)

Gas Rate Target = 500MM sm3/d

Standard Well

MSW

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Reservoir grid block pressure


Bottom hole pressure

BHP Limit = 10 bar

Standard Well
MSW

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Total Pressure Drop Pfrict + Pacc + Phydr


Pfrict

segmented No. 2

Pacc

segmented No. 3 - 21

Phydr

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Year 2014 2019 (Standard Well case)

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Year 2014 2019 (MSW case)

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Summary

Multi-segmented Well Model will optimize flow profile along the well
bore, especially in horizontal and also multilateral well.

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Values

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THANK YOU