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# APPLICATION OF MULTI-SEGMENTED

## WELL MODULE IN HORIZONTAL WELL

Elisabeth Maria Wawolumaya
Reservoir Engineer
Software Integrated Solutions

Background
Objectives

Horizontal
wells
provideand
significant
and are becoming
a preferred
optionwell
in
To deliver the
concept
effect of benefits
Multi-segmented
Well model
in horizontal
many
cases.
compared
to Standard Well Model.
Several types of well models in ECLIPSE (e.g: Standard Well, Multi-segmented
Well)
Concerns about the loss of productivity in horizontal well due to water coning.
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Outline

INTRODUCTION TO ECLIPSE
WELL MODEL

What
is a well model?
Fluid Traveling
from Reservoir to Surface
Pwh @ Surface

Reference depth
to surface

Well model

Well connection to
reference depth

Grid block to
well connection

Grid block to
grid block

## The flow in the wellbore itself is modeled in two stages:

1)Well connections to Reference depth
2)Reference depth to Surface VFP table
Pressure at reference depth is calculated
to satisfy the well constraints (prod rate target)
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## ECLIPSE Well Models

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1

Well connections to
Reference depth (BHP)

Reference depth
(BHP) to Surface

Flow Equations

q p ,i

2k rp ,i kh p p ,i pbhp pi

p ,i B p ,i ln ro / rw S

qp,tot

qp,1

## Total flow at surface = sum of flows at each connection:

qp,tot = qp,1 + qp,2 + + qp,n

q p ,i Ti M p ,i po ,i pbhp pi

qp,2

qp,n

Transmissibility

cKh
Tj
ln ro / rw S

Mobility

M g ,i

k rg ,i

Potential
Difference

Pressure Drop

Bg ,i g ,i
3 solution variables
PBHP, Fwater, Fgas

Pressure Drop

q p ,i Ti M p ,i po ,i pbhp pi
Pum p or
c o m p re s s o r

F ric tio n a l p r e s s u r e d r o p a n d
A c c e le ra tio n p r e s s u r e d ro p

## Reference depth to Surface (VFP table)

H y d r o s ta tic
c o r r e c tio n
fro m B H P
d a tu m to
V F P d a tu m

## BHP ref. depth

H y d r o s ta tic
c o r r e c tio n
fro m B H P
d a tu m to
c o n n e c tio n

## ptot = pfriction + pacceleration + phydrostatic

In standard well model, phydr

ptot = phyd = gh

ptot = phyd = gh

## Horizontal wells often have

frictional pressure loss

## Multi-segmented Well Model

Specifically designed for horizontal and multilateral wells.
Detailed description of fluid flow
Dividing wellbore into a number of segments
Each segment has its own set of independent variables to describe the local fluid
conditions.

Pr

Pr

Pheel

P
P

Friction

Pr
P

Ptoe

Acceleration

f
L
D

length
Tubing ID
fluid density
fluid velocity

Hydrostatic

## C unit conversion constant

w mass flow rate of the fluid mixture through the segmented
A segmenteds area of cross-section for flow

## PETREL DEMO PROJECT

1. Model Description

GWC

## Phase: Dry gas & Water

Porosity = 0.25
High permeability (x, y, z direction) = 3,000 mD
Perforation Length (horizontal section) = 2,000 m

Fine Grid
i, j increment = 50 m
k increment = 10 m
X max = 10,000 m
Y max = 10,000 m
Thickness = 1,000 m

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## 2. Completion Design &

Development Strategy
The well is completed in 21 grid blocks (2 km
length)
Well production control
Gas rate target = 5E8 sm3/day
BHP limit = 10 bar

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3. Defining MSW
2

Segment up to

- Phase
Default
slip top connection / device
in the well
Drift Flux Model
Above the top segment VFP
Allows
tableslip between phases
BHP reference depth

## Homogenous flow model

All phases
Segmentflow
perwith
cell the same
Ensures each fluid entry to
velocity
perforations is modeled separately.

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Segment numeration

Segment
up to

BHP
reference depth

Segment
Number

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Branch
Number

4. Inserting segmentation
set to the simulation model

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SIMULATION RESULTS

Standard Well

MSW

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## Reservoir grid block pressure

Bottom hole pressure

Standard Well
MSW

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## Total Pressure Drop Pfrict + Pacc + Phydr

Pfrict

segmented No. 2

Pacc

segmented No. 3 - 21

Phydr

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## Year 2014 2019 (MSW case)

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Summary

Multi-segmented Well Model will optimize flow profile along the well
bore, especially in horizontal and also multilateral well.

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Values

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THANK YOU