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Spray Application Accuracy

Nozzle Selection

Points???

Why are you here????


Are you concerned with accuracy?

$$ go bye, bye
Changing rates (< an ounce/acre)
More foliar applied products (herbicides)
More sophisticated equipment - $$$
Environmental impact (water and air)
Inefficient
Variable rates
Site-specific

Equipment cost today?


How much do these machines cost?

What about the cost of the nozzle?

Regardless of the cost:

Without proper attention to the nozzle,


you may end up with a misapplication

Nozzles Control
Amount

of spray applied
Uniformity of the spray
Coverage on the target
Amount of off-target drift

Nozzle Types
Flat Spray Tips:
Extended Range Flat-fan
Drift Reduction Flat-fan
Turbo Flood Flat-fan
Turbo Flat-fan
AI Flat-fan
TurboDrop

Cone Spray Tips:

Raindrop

Selecting the proper nozzle


Legal issues!!

Nomenclature:

Extended Range
Trade Name
(S,H,P,K,SS)
Stainless Steel Insert Orifice
VisiFlo Color Coding
Fan angle and flow rateorifice size

Rated Pressure =
40 psi for most nozzle types
10 psi for turbo flood nozzles

Typical nozzle numbering system


Extended-range
flat-fan

Even flat-fan

XR 11004

8002E

(Band applications)

Turbo flood -

TF- 4

(small capacity)

Turbo flood

QCTF - 40

XR

Extended-range

110

110 degree fan angle

04

0.4 GPM @ 40 psi

Even spray pattern

80

80 degree fan angle

02

0.2 GPM @ 40 psi

TF

Turbo flood

.4 GPM @ 10 psi

QCTF

Quick attach turbo flood

40

4.0 GPM @ 10 psi

(Floater capacity)

Electronics/Rate Controllers
How

does your system


work when speed
changes?
Is it pressure based?
What is the effect of
going slower?
What is the effect of
going faster?

Typical nozzle numbering system


Extended-range
flat-fan

Even flat-fan

XR 11004

8002E

(Band applications)

Turbo flood -

TF- 4

(small capacity)

Turbo flood

QCTF - 40

XR

Extended-range

110

110 degree fan angle

04

0.4 GPM @ 40 psi

Even spray pattern

80

80 degree fan angle

02

0.2 GPM @ 40 psi

TF

Turbo flood

.4 GPM @ 10 psi

QCTF

Quick attach turbo flood

40

4.0 GPM @ 10 psi

(Floater capacity)

Set up for Uniformity


Goal is to put the material on evenly from
nozzle to nozzle, end of boom to end of
boom, and across the entire field.

20-inch spacing requires 17-19 above


target for 50-60% overlap.

Set Up For
Uniformity
What is the first step?
Use label to select the

application volume
product rate

Choose an appropriate travel speed


Effective width of application

nozzle spacing

Calculate GPM Flow rate per nozzle


Select the correct size of nozzle!

Set Up For Uniformity

Label requirements?

Set Up For Uniformity

Determine Your Field Speed


Know it to maintain it!
200 Feet in 27 seconds
200
27

X 0.682

= 5 MPH

Buy a speed

Set Up For
Uniformity
What is the first step?
Use label to select the

application volume
product rate

Choose an appropriate travel speed


Effective width of application

nozzle spacing

Calculate GPM Flow rate per nozzle


Select the correct size of nozzle!

MATERIALS AND WEAR


0.4
Thermoplastic

1.2

Hard Stainless

2.1

Kematal

6.1

Stainless

7.5

Zytel

11.4

Brass
0

8 10 12 14 16

Percent increase in nozzle flow rate


Flat-fan spray nozzles after 40 hour test

Coverage

Need knowledge of the product being used.


Systemic
Contact

What is the target?


Soil
grass
broadleaf (smooth, hairy, waxy)

#$!@&%!
#$!@&%!
GPA=
5940

Calculations

Flow Rate Equation


GPA x MPH x W
GPM
5940

Calculates
Calculates for
for amount
amount of
of flow
flow

from
from one
one nozzle
nozzle

Represents
Represents the
the size
size of
of nozzle
nozzle to
to
put
put on
on the
the sprayer
sprayer

Ok,
Ok, now
now II
remember!
remember!
GPA=
5940

Calculations

Calibration/Nozzle Selection
What is the first step?
Use label to select the

application volume
product rate

Choose an appropriate travel speed


Effective width of application

nozzle spacing

Calculate GPM
Size of nozzle!

Nozzle size - Variables


Nozzle

flow rate (GPM)


Ground speed (MPH)
Effective sprayed width (W)
Application rate (GPA)

Flow Rate Equation


GPA x MPH x W
GPM
5940

Calculates
Calculates for
for amount
amount of
of flow
flow

from
from one
one nozzle
nozzle

Represents
Represents the
the size
size of
of nozzle
nozzle to
to
put
put on
on the
the sprayer
sprayer

Where:
GPA
GPM
MPH
W

=
=
=
=

______________________
gallons per acre
______________________
gallons per minute
______________________
miles
per
hour
______________________

nozzle spacing - inches

5940 = a constant to convert


gallons per minute, miles per hour,
and inches to gallons per acre

Variables
1. Nozzle Flow Rate - Gallons Per Minute (GPM)
To double the nozzle output, the pressure
must increase 4 times
2. Ground speed - Miles Per Hour (MPH)
Doubling the ground speed reduces GPA rate by___
1/2
3. Effective Sprayed Width (W) (Nozzle spacing, band
width, number of nozzles on drop)

Electronics/Rate Controllers
How does your system
work when speed
changes?
What is the effect of
going slower?
What is the effect of
going faster?

GPM Example
You want to broadcast a foliar
herbicide at 10 GPA traveling 5 MPH
using extended range flat-fan nozzles
on 20-inch spacing.
Use equation to calculate for flow rate?

GPA Example Solution

GPA x MPH x W
GPM
5940
GPM=? GPA=?
GPM=?

GPA=10

MPH=?
MPH=5

W=?
W=20

GPM Example Solution

GPA x MPH x W
GPM
5940
10 x 5 x
GPM
5940
Answer

.17

20

Selecting the proper nozzle.

Calculate GPM (formula)


Look under Capacity of 1
nozzle in GPM column
Match to pressure-psi
Choose the size needed
Operate at given pressure
and speed to achieve GPA

Selecting the proper nozzle.