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The people of Israel

history from the 1st

century to today
Social Studies
Indicator 1
Boston International School

The people of Israel

history from the 1st
century to today
Objectives: Analyze the changes experienced by the Israelites
from the 1st century to today and how Christianity has spread.
Learning objective: Compare the old Israel with the one of

Fertile: Capable of producing vegetables
Coveted: Towishfor,especiallyeagerly
Tribes: Acompany,group,ornumberofpersons.
Civil war:

A warbetweenpoliticalfactionsorregionswithinthesamecountry

Defeat: Toeliminateordepriveofsomethingexpected
Holocaust: Agreatorcompletedevastationordestruction,especiallybyfire.
Extermination: togetridofbydestroying
Homeland: one'snativeland.

Biblical principle
Isaiah 19:24
24:In that day Israel will be the third party with Egypt
and Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the earth.

1500 BC Abraham, the father of the Jewish People, lived

during this era.
Israels Beginnings
What historians know about the early history of the Israelites
is based on accounts from the Bible. In many ways, the Bible
is in fact a history book for this civilization. Abrahams religion
was revolutionary compared to other religions of the day.
Most religions of that time period believed in the worship of
multiple deities. Abraham and his followers believed in just
one all-powerful God whom they referred to as Yahweh.

Abraham and his followers eventually left Ur to found a new civilization in the land of Canaan. Canaan was among the most fertile lands in the
region, and was coveted by farmers for the ease of growing crops.

For the next two generations the Israelites lived in Canaan in relative peace. Abrahams grandson, whose name was Jacob, was the father of 12 sons.
Each of these sons grew to become leaders over their own tribe. These tribes became known as the 12 tribes of Israel.

63 BC The Romans conquered the

After a civil war had broken out in the land
of Israel between Pharisees and Sadducees,
a Roman general named Pompey arrived
and helped the Pharisees defeat the
Sadducees in Jerusalem. Then, Rome helped
itself to the land of Israel, incorporating it
into the Roman Empire.

1939 1945 World War II and the Holocaust

1939 - 1945 World War II and the Holocaust when
approximately 6 million Jews were killed by the Nazis
During the 1930s and 1940s, Jews in Germany endure intense
persecution. About six million Jews died during World War II,
due to a program of state-sponsored extermination by Nazi
Germany that targeted Jews and other groups of people. The
event becomes known as the Holocaust. The pressure to reestablish a Jewish homeland intensifies.

Israel nowadays
The modern state of Israel identifies its roots in the ancient Land
of Israel, a concept central to Judaism for over 3000 years. After
World War II, the League of Nations approved the British Mandate
of Palestine with the intent of creating a "national home for the
Jewish people. In 1947, the United Nations approved the partition
of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab.

On May 14, 1948 the State of Israel declared its independence,

which was followed by the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 with
neighboring Arab states, who refused to accept the UN plan.
The successive victories in a series of wars later.

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