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NEWS

ITEM
.

DEFINITION OF NEWS
ITEM
Definition 1

are one type of "text" that can


lead us to become a reliable journalist.
By studying this text, we at least have
been training to be able to write like a
professional news writer.
NEWS ITEMS

Definition 2

is a text which informs readers


about events of the day. The events are
considered newsworthy or important.
NEWS ITEM

Definition 3

is a type of the text that has


the main function or communicative
purpose to inform readers or listeners or
viewer about events of the day that are
considered newsworthy or important
NEWS ITEM

Generic structure of news item

-Newsworthy Event
-Background Event
-Source

1. Newsworthy Event

The first part of the structure of


language News Item Text is often called
the Main Event

2. Backgroud Event

The second part of the structure of


language News Item Text or often also
called the Elaboration is or contains a
part that tells about the background to
the events or incidents, who is involved
and where it happened.

3. Source

The last part of the structure of language


is part of News Item Text that tells or
shows about the comments, witness the
incident, the opinion of experts, etc.. the
event or events reported.

Example of news item and separate it

Moscow A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another


Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and
contaminated an entire town. Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first
journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a
nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo 22 near
Vladivostock. The accident, which occurred 13 months before the
Chernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and
nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union.
Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class
submarine during a refit had been a thermal and not a nuclear
explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove
more than 600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to
secrecy. A board of investigators was later to describe it as the
worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

Example of newsworthy event

Moscow A Russian journalist has


uncovered evidence of another Soviet
nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10
sailors and contaminated an entire town.

Example of background
Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist
to speak to people who witnessed the
explosion of a nuclear submarine at the
naval base of shkotovo 22 near
Vladivostock.

Example of Source
A board of investigators was later to
describe it as the worst accident in the
history of the Soviet Navy.

Look for the news from newspaper to make the


news item

Do You Suffer from Facebook Depression?


Breaking News English, 1st April, 2011
A new study suggests that social media sites have created a new
phenomenon known as Facebook depression. The American
Academy of Pediatrics recently warned parents about the
possible dangers of networking websites on their childrens
mental health. Report co-author Gwenn OKeefe described the
way social interaction is changing: For some teens and tweens,
social media is the primary way they interact socially, rather
than at the mall or a friends house, she said. Ms OKeeffe
added: A large part of this generations social and emotional
development is occurring while on the Internet and on
cellphones. Parents need to understand these technologies so
they can relate to their childrens online world, and comfortably
parent in that world.

The report says it is essential for parents to be aware of


how social media sites can affect children and that the
Internet is not always a healthy environment for kids.
The writers also urged parents to be on the lookout for
cyberbullying, sexting and online predators. They
recommended parents take an active role and discuss
things like bullying, privacy and feeling down because
of whats happening on Facebook. A recent poll stated
that 22 per cent of teenagers log on to a social media
site more than 10 times a day and more than half at
least once a day. There are conflicting reports as to
whether Facebook helps youngsters, by allowing them
to express themselves, or isolates them from society.

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