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Methods Of Language Teaching

1.Grammar-translation approach
In this method, classes are taught in the students mother
tongue, with little active use of the target language.

2.Direct approach
Developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation
approach. Integrate more use of the target language in

3.Reading approach
This approach is mostly for people who do not travel abroad
for whom reading is one usable skill in a foreign language.

4.Audiolingual method
This method is based upon behavior psychology. Based on
that language learning is habit formation.

the principle

5.Community language learning (CLL)

This approach is patterned upon counseling techniques. It aims at
encouraging mutual cooperation and assistance between the learners.

This method emphasized development of basic personal communication skill.

7.The Silent Way

The method emphasizes the autonomy of the learners.

8.Total physical response(TPR)

Combines information and skills through the use of sensory

9.The Natural Approach

Confirms to the Naturalistic principles for attaining successful
second language acquisition.

10.Communicative language teaching

Communicative competence is the goal of language teaching.

Suggestopedia and its Background

It was created by the Bulgarian educator Georgi Lozanov in 1979.
Suggestopedia: apply suggestology to teaching.
Lozanov suggests that human brain could process great quantities of
material given the right conditions of learning like relaxation.
Music is central to this method.
Soft music led to increase in alpha brain wave and a decrease in
blood pressure and pulse rate resulting in high intake of large
quantities of materials.

Learners were encouraged to be as childlike as possible.

Apart from soft, comfortable seats in a relaxed setting,
everything else remained the same.
Learning is a matter of attitude, not
Lozanov himself declared that memorization in learning
through suggestopedia would be accelerated by up to 25 times
over that in conventional learning methods.


Suggestopedia is now called Desuggestopedia to reflect the

importance placed on desuggesting limitations on learning.

Desuggestopedia has been called an affective humanistic


Theory (1)
The reason for inefficient learning is that we set up psychological
barriers to learning.
We fear we are unable to perform.
Then, we limit our ability to learn.
Then, we fail.
We do not use the full mental powers we have.
We only use 5-10% of mental capacity.

Theory (2)
In order to make better use of our mental capacity, limitations
need to be desuggested.
Students should eliminate the feelings that they cannot be
successful and thus, to help them overcome the barriers of
Psychological barriers should be removed.

Stimulates the whole person
Undoes blocks
Goes rapidly forward
Gives creative solution
Encourages relaxation
Strengthens self- image
Talks to all the senses
Optimizes learning
Propagates talent
Enhances learning
Dramatises material
Includes pictures, music and movement
Addresses the whole person

The main principles of Suggestopedia

1.In an atmosphere of play, the conscious attention of the learner
does not focus on linguistic forms,but rather on using the
2.Students can learn from what is present in the environment.
(Peripheral learning)
3.Fine art provides positive suggestions for students.
4.Errors are corrected gently and indirectly.
5.The teacher should integrate indirect positive suggestions into
the learning situation.

Create classroom environment- bright and cheerful,
decorated with scenes (holidays,festivals) from a
country of target language.
Peripheral learning- students perceive more in the
environment than we consciously attend.
e.g. putting posters containing grammatical information
of target language. Students absorb the necessary
facts effortlessly.

Techniques (2)
Direct suggestion
The teacher tells students they are going to be
Indirect suggestion
This is provided by music and comfortable physical
conditions of the classroom.

Students are asked to close their eyes and concentrate on their
breathing. Then the teacher describes a scene or an event in
detail so that students think they are really there. When the
scene is complete, the teacher asks students to slowly open
their eyes and return to the present. This can be done just
before students write a composition in order to activate their

Choose a New Identity

Students can be asked to write about their
fictional new identity, new home town,

First Concert
Music is played. The teacher begins a slow, dramatic reading,
synchronised in intonation with the music. The music is
classical. Teachers voice is usually hushed, but rises and falls
with the music.

Second Concert
Students put their scripts aside. Then close their eyes and listens
as the teacher reads with musical accompaniment. Here
music is secondarily important. At the end of the concert, the
class ends for the day.

What Is The Role Of The Teacher?

What Is The Role Of The Students?
The teacher is the authority in the classroom.
In order for the method to be successful, the
students must trust and respect the teacher.
Once the students trust the teacher, they can feel
more secure. If they feel secure, they can be more
spontaneous and less inhibited.

1.Learning Will Be Facilitated In Relaxed And
Comfortable Environment.
2.Thinking Highly Of Students Feeling.
3.The Emphasis Of Interaction.
4.The Treatments To Students Mistake.

1.Lack Of Flexibility
2.Over-Emphasis On Language Use
3.Absence Of Tests