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ALCOHOL

Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol
is an organic compound
in which the hydroxyl
functional group (-OH) is
bound to a carbon atom.

Methanol

Also known as: methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, carbinol, Wood


spirit, Methylol, Wood naphtha, Methyl hydroxide, Pyroxylic spirit
Molecular Formula: CH4O
Molecular Weight: 32.04186
A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of
Formaldehyde and Acetic Acid, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze,
and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause
blindness.

Ethanol

Also known as: ethyl alcohol, alcohol,


Methylcarbinol, grain alcohol, Ethyl hydroxide,
Ethyl hydrate, Hydroxyethane, Anhydrol, Algrain
Molecular Formula: C2H6O
Molecular Weight: 46.06844
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from
the gastrointestinal tract and distributed
throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity
and is used often as a topical disinfectant.

Propanol
Also known as: propanol, Propyl
alcohol, Propan-1-ol, n-propanol,
ethylcarbinol, n-Propyl alcohol, 1hydroxypropane, optal
Molecular Formula: C H O
3 8
Molecular Weight: 60.09502
A colorless liquid made by oxidation
of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used
as a solvent and chemical
intermediate.

Butanol

Also known as: Butyl alcohol, n-butanol,


Butan-1-ol, n-butyl alcohol, butanol, 1hydroxybutane, Propylcarbinol, Butyl
hydroxide
Molecular Formula: C H O
4 10

Molecular Weight: 74.1216


A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has
a hydroxy group at position 1

Pentanol

Also known as: 1-Pentanol, Pentan-1-ol,


Amyl alcohol, Pentyl alcohol, N-Amyl
alcohol, Butylcarbinol, Pentanol, Amylol,
n-Butylcarbinol
Molecular Formula: C H O
5 12

Molecular Weight: 88.14818


An alcohol with five carbon atoms and the
molecular formula C5H12O. 1-Pentanol is a
colorless liquid with an unpleasant aroma.

Hexanol

Also known as: Hexyl alcohol, Hexan-1-ol,


Hexanol, n-Hexanol, 111-27-3, Amylcarbinol,
Caproyl alcohol, 1-Hydroxyhexane, n-Hexyl
alcohol
Molecular Formula: C6H14O
Molecular Weight: 102.17476
An organic alcohol with a six-carbon chain and
a condensed structural formula of
CH3(CH2)5OH. This colorless liquid is slightly
soluble in water, but miscible with ether and
ethanol.

Heptanol
Also known as: 1-HEPTANOL,
Heptyl alcohol, Heptan-1-ol, nHeptanol, Enanthic alcohol, 111-706, n-Heptyl alcohol, Gentanol
Molecular Formula: C H O
7 16
Molecular Weight: 116.20134
A colorless liquid with a fragrant
odor. It is used as an intermediate,
solvent and in cosmetics

Octanol
Also known as: Octan-1-ol, octanol, Capryl
alcohol, Octyl alcohol, N-octanol, caprylic
alcohol, n-Octyl alcohol, Heptyl carbinol
Molecular Formula: C H O
8 18
Molecular Weight: 130.22792
A colorless, slightly viscous liquid used as a
defoaming or wetting agent. It is also used
as a solvent for protective coatings, waxes,
and oils, and as a raw material for
plasticizers.

Nonanol

Also known as: Nonan-1-ol, Nonanol, NONYL


ALCOHOL, n-Nonyl alcohol, 143-08-8,
Pelargonic alcohol, Nonalol, Octyl carbinol
Molecular Formula: C9H20O
Molecular Weight: 144.2545
It is a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a
citrus odor similar to citronella oil.

Decanol

Also known as: 1-Decanol, Decyl Alcohol,


Decan-1-ol, Decanol, N-decanol, Capric
alcohol, 112-30-1, Nonylcarbinol, Antak
Molecular Formula: C10H22O
Molecular Weight: 158.28108
It is a colorless viscous liquid that is insoluble
in water and has a strong odor.

Treatment
If the casualty is conscious:
Your aims:
cover a casualty with a coat or
to maintain an
blanket to protect them from
open airway
the cold
assess the casualty for any
to assess for
other conditions injuries, especially head
injuries, or other medical
to seek medical
conditions
help if necessary. monitor and record vital signs -

breathing, level of response


andpulse - until the casualty
recovers or is placed in the care
of a responsible person.

If the casualty becomes unconscious:


open the airway and check breathing
be prepared to give chest
compressions and rescue breaths if
necessary
place them into the recovery position
if the casualty is unconscious but
breathing normally
Do not induce vomiting.