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In chemistry, an alcohol
is an organic compound
in which the hydroxyl
functional group (-OH) is
bound to a carbon atom.


Also known as: methyl alcohol, wood alcohol, carbinol, Wood

spirit, Methylol, Wood naphtha, Methyl hydroxide, Pyroxylic spirit
Molecular Formula: CH4O
Molecular Weight: 32.04186
A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of
Formaldehyde and Acetic Acid, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze,
and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause


Also known as: ethyl alcohol, alcohol,

Methylcarbinol, grain alcohol, Ethyl hydroxide,
Ethyl hydrate, Hydroxyethane, Anhydrol, Algrain
Molecular Formula: C2H6O
Molecular Weight: 46.06844
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from
the gastrointestinal tract and distributed
throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity
and is used often as a topical disinfectant.

Also known as: propanol, Propyl
alcohol, Propan-1-ol, n-propanol,
ethylcarbinol, n-Propyl alcohol, 1hydroxypropane, optal
Molecular Formula: C H O
3 8
Molecular Weight: 60.09502
A colorless liquid made by oxidation
of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used
as a solvent and chemical


Also known as: Butyl alcohol, n-butanol,

Butan-1-ol, n-butyl alcohol, butanol, 1hydroxybutane, Propylcarbinol, Butyl
Molecular Formula: C H O
4 10

Molecular Weight: 74.1216

A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has
a hydroxy group at position 1


Also known as: 1-Pentanol, Pentan-1-ol,

Amyl alcohol, Pentyl alcohol, N-Amyl
alcohol, Butylcarbinol, Pentanol, Amylol,
Molecular Formula: C H O
5 12

Molecular Weight: 88.14818

An alcohol with five carbon atoms and the
molecular formula C5H12O. 1-Pentanol is a
colorless liquid with an unpleasant aroma.


Also known as: Hexyl alcohol, Hexan-1-ol,

Hexanol, n-Hexanol, 111-27-3, Amylcarbinol,
Caproyl alcohol, 1-Hydroxyhexane, n-Hexyl
Molecular Formula: C6H14O
Molecular Weight: 102.17476
An organic alcohol with a six-carbon chain and
a condensed structural formula of
CH3(CH2)5OH. This colorless liquid is slightly
soluble in water, but miscible with ether and

Also known as: 1-HEPTANOL,
Heptyl alcohol, Heptan-1-ol, nHeptanol, Enanthic alcohol, 111-706, n-Heptyl alcohol, Gentanol
Molecular Formula: C H O
7 16
Molecular Weight: 116.20134
A colorless liquid with a fragrant
odor. It is used as an intermediate,
solvent and in cosmetics

Also known as: Octan-1-ol, octanol, Capryl
alcohol, Octyl alcohol, N-octanol, caprylic
alcohol, n-Octyl alcohol, Heptyl carbinol
Molecular Formula: C H O
8 18
Molecular Weight: 130.22792
A colorless, slightly viscous liquid used as a
defoaming or wetting agent. It is also used
as a solvent for protective coatings, waxes,
and oils, and as a raw material for


Also known as: Nonan-1-ol, Nonanol, NONYL

ALCOHOL, n-Nonyl alcohol, 143-08-8,
Pelargonic alcohol, Nonalol, Octyl carbinol
Molecular Formula: C9H20O
Molecular Weight: 144.2545
It is a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a
citrus odor similar to citronella oil.


Also known as: 1-Decanol, Decyl Alcohol,

Decan-1-ol, Decanol, N-decanol, Capric
alcohol, 112-30-1, Nonylcarbinol, Antak
Molecular Formula: C10H22O
Molecular Weight: 158.28108
It is a colorless viscous liquid that is insoluble
in water and has a strong odor.

If the casualty is conscious:
Your aims:
cover a casualty with a coat or
to maintain an
blanket to protect them from
open airway
the cold
assess the casualty for any
to assess for
other conditions injuries, especially head
injuries, or other medical
to seek medical
help if necessary. monitor and record vital signs -

breathing, level of response

andpulse - until the casualty
recovers or is placed in the care
of a responsible person.

If the casualty becomes unconscious:

open the airway and check breathing
be prepared to give chest
compressions and rescue breaths if
place them into the recovery position
if the casualty is unconscious but
breathing normally
Do not induce vomiting.