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ELECTRONIC

WARFARE
By
ADITYA PV

INTRODUCTION
Action involving use of the electromagnetic
spectrum
Three main divisions :
Electronic Attack (EA)
Electronic Protection (EP)
Electronic Warfare Support (ES)

ELECTRONIC ATTACK (EA)


Promote Uncertainty
Use of active and passive energy to
attack
Four Classes of EA
Jamming

Modifiers
Radar-absorbing materials (RAM)
Physical Destruction

NON-DESTRUCTIVE EA
DENIAL:

Overload oppositions receiver to deny its use


by the enemy by JAMMING, CHAFF and FLARES
DECEPTION:

Create false image or change images


characteristics on a radar display. Misleads or
spoofs by using repeaters, transponders,
chaff-disguise, radar decoys, blip enhancers and
radar cross section (RCS) modification

NOISE JAMMING
Deliberate impairing of enemys
devices radiation, re-radiation, or
reflection of electromagnetic energy
TGT Freq
True Noise

Ideal
Jammer

Actual Spot
Jammer

CHAFF CORRIDORS

FLARES (ACTIVE)

CHAFF FALSE
TARGETS

MULTIPLE FALSE
TARGETS Real Target

STROBES

COVER PULSE JAMMING


Reactive Jamming

DECOYS

VELOCITY GATE PULL OFF


(VGPO)

Target Return
Velocity Gate
Gate Pull-Off

DESTRUCTIVE EA
Anti-Radiation Missiles
SLAM
HARM
Sidewinder
Directed Energy

SLAMER
(Stand-off Land Attack MissileExpanded Response)

HARM
(HIGH-SPEED ANTI RADIATION MISSILE)

SIDEWINGER

ELECTRONIC PROTECTION
(EP)
Protection of friendly combat
capability against undesirable effect of
friendly or enemy employed EW
Types
Passive EW
Active EW

EP
Three ways to defend from enemy
EW
Modify radar
o Make it more complex
o Make it harder to jam
Modify the Medium
o Chaff
o Torch
Modify the platform

EP FACTORS
BURNTHROUGH:
Increase signal strength to
overpower jammer noise (ECCM)
Emission Control (EMCON)
Alpha
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
Operator Recognition Training

JAMMING EFFECTIVENESS
Match the victim radars RF
Be continuous
Have sufficient power

METHODS TO DEFEAT
DIRECT THREAT JAMMING
Frequency Techniques
RF Change
RF Diversity
RF Agility
Diplexing
Variable PRF

ELECTRONIC WARFARE
SUPPORT (ES)
Passive surveillance of the EM
spectrum
Detection
Tracking
Recognition
Targeting
Warning
Destruction
Avoidance

PASSIVE
DETECTION
RADAR
IFF
TACAN
JAMMING

ES
(PASSIVE SURVEILLANCE)
ELINT :

Electronic Intelligence

COMINT : Communications
Intelligence

ES
(RECEIVER DESIGN REQUIREMENTS)
Wide spectrum surveillance
Wide dynamic range
Unwanted signal rejection
Angle-of-Arrival measurement
Signal Analysis capability
Real-Time Display
Recording System

AN EXAMPLE
OF
U.S. SHIP
BOARD EW
CAPABILITIES

SLQ-32 Sidekick
On all combatants
Radar warning, detection and jamming
Uses internal library to auto detect/categorize

Infrared Flares
On all combatants

Chaff
On all combatants