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Respiration

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

Q1. Give the technical


term for the windpipe
the tube between throat
and lungs?

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

A1. Trachea

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

Q2. The windpipe splits


into two of these one
to each lung

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

A2. Bronchus

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

Q3. What are the tiny air


bags with large surface
area, found in the lungs,
called?

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

A3. Alveoli

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

Q4. What is the red


substance in blood that
carries oxygen called?

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

A4. Haemoglobin

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Q5. What thick walled


blood vessels carry
blood away from the
heart to the rest of the
body?

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

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A5. Arteries

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Q6. Which blood vessels


carry blood back to the
heart?

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A6. Veins

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Q7. What do we call the


thin blood vessels that
are only one blood cell
wide?

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A7. Capillaries

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Q8. Name the process


of mechanical
movement of air in and
out of the lungs?

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A8. Breathing
Ventilation

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Q9. Name the red liquid


mixture that carries
oxygen and food to
every cell?

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A9. Blood

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Q10. Give the scientific


term for drawing air into
the lungs to breathe in

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A10. Inhale

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Q11. Give the scientific


term for pushing air out
of the lungs to breathe
out

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A11. Exhale

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Q12. Name the chemical


reaction taking place in
all living cells where
glucose and oxygen
react to release energy

NTScience.co.uk 2005

KS3 Unit 8b -

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A12. Respiration

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Q13. Name the gas in


the atmosphere needed
for respiration

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A13. Oxygen

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Q14. Name the gaseous


product of respiration

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A14. Carbon dioxide

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Q15. Name the


muscular organ that
pumps blood around the
body

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A15. Heart

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Q16. What is the flow of


blood around the human
body called?

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A16. Circulation

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Q17. Name the simple


sugar fuel used in
respiration

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KS3 Unit 8b -

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A17. Glucose

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Well Done!
Now check your score

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KS3 Unit 8b -

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