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National Domestic Biogas and Manure Programme

Status, Strategies and Challenges

Nazmul Haque Faisal


Senior Programme Manager
faisalproject@gmail.com

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 1


Agenda

1. Overview of Programme
2. Achievements and Status
3. Work goals(2010-2012)
4. Challenges and Strategies

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 2


Overview of NDBMP
• Programme name National Domestic Biogas and Manure
Programme
• Programme duration January 2010 – December 2012
• Working area All over Bangladesh where domestic
biogas plant is feasible
• Construction target 27,000 domestic size biogas plants
• Implementing partners Infrastructure Development
Company Limited (IDCOL) together with its Partner
Organisations selected from private companies and local
NGOs.
• Donor support DGIS (through SNV) and KfW
• Technical support SNV Netherlands Development
Organisation

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 3


Objective of NDBMP

To develop and
disseminate domestic
biogas plants in rural
areas with the ultimate
goal to establish a
sustainable and
commercial biogas
sector in Bangladesh.

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 4


Specific Objectives of NDBMP

• To increase the number of


quality biogas plants by 37,269 in
the period 2006 up to 2012,
• To stimulate internalization of all
benefits of the biogas plants
including utilization of bio-slurry,
• To ensure the continued
operation of all biogas plants
constructed under the program,
• To attract and strengthen
organizations for sustainable
development of the biogas sector

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 5


Types of Partner Organization (PO)

• Construction Partner Organization


(CPO)
- is responsible for constructing the plant and will
provide subsidy to households
- Plants are constructed mainly on cash basis i.e.
house will bear all the cost
- CPO entitles to receive Technical fee (Max. Tk.
5000) and Maintenance fee (Tk. 700) from
household .

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 6


Types of Partner Organization (PO)

• Lending and Construction Partner


Organization (LCPO)
- is responsible for constructing the plant and providing
Loan and subsidy to households, through grants and
refinancing (80% of Loan reimbursed by IDCOL not
exceeding 147 Euro)
- Plants are constructed mainly on credit basis i.e.
house will avail loan facilities from LCPO.
- LCPO will not only entitle to receive Technical fee
(Max. Tk. 5000) and Maintenance fee ( Tk. 700) but
also collect installment with interest from household.

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 7


Selection process of Partner
Organizations
NQ
Criteria Finalization
EOI Request
Memo signing Applications
Submission
Initial Screening

Recommendation Preliminary Field Verification NQ


Approval from from selection
IDCOL Board NDBMP
Steering Committee of POs

Participation
agreement
April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 8
Quality Control Approach

During Construction
- The materials (Bricks, Cement, Khoa etc.)
- Being constructed as per IDCOL design

After Construction
- Appliances (stove, lamps etc.)
- Warranty cards, Completion report, Agreement
paper, Subsidy receipt

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 9


Checking the quality Status 2007

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 10


Physical achievements 2007

Activities Total Target Achievements


Number of plant construction 3600 2,235
Number of direct beneficiaries 21600 16700 persons
from biogas
Users Training 3600 722 (Male
480,Female242)
Number of Partner Organizations 15 14
(POs)
Number of appliances 3 2
manufacturers
Average construction defaults Maximum 8.00 9.47
points

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 11


Physical achievements 2008

Activities Total Target Achievements


Number of plant construction 4,200 2116
Number of direct beneficiaries 32,000 17,142 persons
from biogas
Number of persons capacitated 5,349 2,102
through training
Number of Partner Organizations 20 28 (only 24 POs
(POs) involved in
construction of plants)

Number of appliances 4 2
manufacturers
Average construction defaults Maximum 8.00 7.88
points
Plant functioning Minimum 95% 94% (based on Users’
Survey 07 and 08)

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 12


Physical achievements 2009

Activities Total Target Achievements


Number of plant construction 5,300 5,050 Plants (95%)
Number of direct beneficiaries 37,100 31,800 persons
from biogas
Number of persons capacitated 5,349 2,102
through training
Number of Partner Organizations 24 20 (only 20 POs have
(POs) constructed plants)
Number of appliances 4 3 are already working
manufacturers and others are in
exploration
Average construction defaults Maximum 8.00 9.47
points
Plant functioning Minimum 98% 96.50% (based on Users’
Survey 08)

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 13


Physical achievements 2009

Activities Total Target Achievements


Biogas plants with compost Minimum 70% 71% (44% with 1 pit and
pits 27% with two pits 29% no pit
reported during the
monitoring)
User’s training (at least 3,700 Total 457
70% female) (Male: 270
Female: 187)
Plant functioning Minimum 98% 96.50% (based on Users’
Survey 08)
Plant maintenance reports 2,321 plants 1,132 plants
(100% 2007 & 2008
plants)

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 14


Access to credit for biogas is increasing in 2009

Cash
20%

Credit
80%

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 15


Number of persons directly benefited from biogas

No.of Direct Beneficiaries

Total 51684 persons are getting direct benefit from biogas

1442
16700

31800 Year 2006


Year 2007
Year 2008
year 2009

17142

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 16


Average Investment Cost

Average Investment Cost

32436

28256
30000 25712

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
Year 2007 Year 2008 Year 2009

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 17


Construction Feed Material wise 2006-2009

Inputwise Biogas Plant

8000 7131

7000

6000

5000
Cowdung based
4000 2888 Poultry dropping based

3000

2000

1000

0
Cowdung based Poultry dropping based

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 18


Construction Feed Material wise (2006-2009)

2000
1800
1,2
1600
1400 1,6
1200 2
1000
800 2,4
600 3,2
400
200 4,8
0
Droppings

Droppings
Droppings

Droppings
Cowdung
Cowdung

Cowdung

Cowdung
Poultry

Poultry

Poultry

Poultry
2006 2007 2008 2009

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 19


20

Jahanara Biogas Co,


SOUL
RISDA
Nurunnabi Biogas co,
SERAA
Average Quality Default Points

MBSK
Anannyo

Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering


Srizony Bangladesh
Nirapad Engg, Ltd,
BONDHAN
Rahman Biogas Co
DOPS
Kamrul Biogas Co,
BASA
ARAB
Rural Service Foundation
Shubashati
SUF
2009
NDS
SAPNO
Grameen Shakti
Hosain Biogas Co

April 21, 2010


DESHA
ChangeMaker

16,00

14,00

12,00

10,00

8,00

6,00

4,00

2,00

0,00
Target Vs Achievement

7000
7000

6000
5300
5050
5000
4200
4000
3,600
Target
3000 2648 Achievement
2116
2000 1810

1200
1000
205
0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 till
March

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 21


Growth

7000

6000

5050
5000

2006
4000 2007
2008
3000 2648 2009
2116 2010 till March
1810
2000

1000
205

0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 till March

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 22


Success Stories

Mr. Mahbub owner of Bhelabazar Shamaz


Unnayan Sangstha(BSUS)
“I am really proud to work in biogas sector as I can
understand its potentiality and I am enjoying the full
authority of decision making and building a dynamic
team for my company to seize the opportunity in this
sector”………….

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 23


Work goals (Output) of 2010-12

Indicator Target Target Target Total


2010 2011 2012

Plant functioning >95% >95% >95%


Plant maintenance 100% of 100% of 100% of
2009 2010 2011
Cluster Construction 30 Biogas 40 Biogas 30 Biogas 100 Biogas
Approach Villages Villages, 5 Villages, 5 Villages, 15
and 5 Biogas Biogas Biogas
Biogas Unions and Unions, 5 Unions, 7
Unions 2 Biogas Biogas Biogas
Uppazilla Uppazilla Uppazilla
and 5 and 5
Biogas Biogas
District District

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 24


Work goals (Output) of 2010-12

Indicators Target Target Target Total


2010 2011 2012

No. of biogas plants installed 7,000 9000 11000 27,000

No. of direct beneficiaries from 42,000 54000 66000 162,000


the plants

Number of jobs created 1000 1500 800 3,300

Number of households with 4,900 6,300 7,700 18,900


increased in income due to
utilizations of slurry
Number of beneficiaries 6,770 8400 9790 24,960
through capacity development
activities
April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 25
Targets of Training
Type of training 2010 2011 2012 Total
New Mason 600 720 600 1,920
New Supervisor 300 300 300 900
Refresher to existing mason 200 200 200 600

Refresher to existing 150 150 150 450


supervisor
Management training 60 30 30 120
Trainers training 30 30 60
Cooperative Farmers 490 630 770 1,890
training
Biogas users 4900 6300 7700 18,900

Gender sensitization 40 40 40 120


Total 6,770 8,400 9,790 24,960
April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 26
Conduction of Users Training

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 27


Conduction of TOT for DTE

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 28


Total Programme Budget
excluding Credit (In Euro)
Estimated Expenditure in Euro Grand Total in Euro
2010-12

Code Activities 2010 2011 2012

Plant Target 7,000 9,000 11,000 27,000


A Promotion 83,418 73,316 78,235 234,969
B Quality control 54,224 55,219 47,629 157,072
C Research and Development 19,388 17,347 9,184 45,918
D Training 35,408 40,714 35,510 111,633
E Slurry management 64,694 82,821 90,633 238,148
F Monitoring & Evaluation 30,612 20,408 25,510 76,531
G Institutional strengthening 52,347 56,224 60,102 168,673
H Programme management 80,143 85,509 98,223 263,874
I Gender mainstreaming 23,469 13,265 13,265 50,000
Programme Activity cost 443,704 444,825 458,290 1,346,819
Subsidy 642,857 826,531 1,010,204 2,479,592

Total Programme Cost 1,086,561 1,271,356 1,468,494 3,826,411

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 29


Budget Source (in Euro)

Proposed financing 2010 2011 2012 Total

Households (cash/credit) 1.611.842 2.072.368 2.532.895 6.217.105

KfW support for credit 823.200 1.058.400 1.293.600 3.175.200

DGIS/ABP 443.704 444.825 458.290 1.346.819

GOB (15% of subsidy) 96.429 123.980 151.531 371.940

KfW (85% of subsidy) 546.429 702.551 858.673 2.107.653

SNV/TA funder 0 0 240.000 240.000

SNV core fund 240.000 240.000 0 480.000

Total 2.938.404 3.583.724 4.241.389 10.763.517

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 30


Construction Target for 2010
Minimum target 7000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 31


Assumptions

• Government commitment and contribution


• Combined efforts of stakeholders
• Outsourcing effective and efficient
• Capable Partner Organisations
• Effective monitoring

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 32


Challenges

 Low plant construction in rainy


season
 Ensuring after sales service
 Turnover of Masons
 Intensifying the bio slurry activities

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 33


Low construction in rainy season
Construction Trend 2008 & 09

700 Low period


600
500
400
300 2009
200 2008

100
0
January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December
April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 34
Mason Retention <40%

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 35


Ensuring after sales service

• Technical Audit
of plants
constructed
between 2006-08
(March 5-21,
2010)

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 36


Intensifying the bio slurry
activities

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 37


Strategic Approaches

• Carrot and Stick Approaches


• Cluster Construction Approach
• Horizontal Linkages for Synergy and
Complementarities
• Financial Sustainability of the Programme

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 38


Cluster Construction Approach

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 39


Cluster Construction Approach

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 40


Observation of Biogas week,2009

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 41


Festoon describing dual benefit of biogas

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 42


Media focus on Biogas programme

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 43


Inauguration of Biogas Village

NGO
User
Government

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 44


Current focus

• Promoting Biogas Village Concept (12 + 20


Biogas Villages)
• Reward and recognition to the best masons/
supervisors/ managers to keep the staff’s
motivation high
• Stringent Quality Control Measures and Quality
Management System
• Capacity Building of the sector

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 45


Strengths of NDBMP
• High potentiality for biogas
(availability of cattle/poultry
birds, suitable weather, Easy
availability of construction
materials and human
resources)
• High demand of (organic) bio-
slurry as fertilizer and fish feed
• Lot of experiences on biogas in
local level
• Strong networks at local levels
through Partner Organisations

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 46


Strengths of NDBMP

• Huge demand for bio-slurry as a organic


fertilizer

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 47


Creation of social capital

April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 48


Thank
You
April 21, 2010 Bangladesh Biogas Stakeholders Gathering 49

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