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RESOURCE AND

DEVELOPMENT

AT ARE RESOURC
Aresourceisasourceorsupplyfromwhichbenefitis
produced.Typicallyresourcesarematerials,money,services,
staff,orotherassetsthatproducebenefit.
Fromahumanperspectiveanaturalresourceisanything
obtainedfromtheenvironmenttosatisfyhumanneedsand
wants.
Fromabroaderbiologicalorecologicalperspectivea
resourcesatisfiestheneedsofalivingorganism.
Resourceshavethreemaincharacteristics:utility,limit,
availability,andpotentialfordepletionorconsumption.

CLASSIFICATION OF RESOURCE
Resourc
es

Natural

NonRenewa
ble

Renewa
ble
Continu
ous or
flow e.g.
wind ,
water

Biologic
al

Natural
vegetati
on

Human

Recycla
ble
eg.metal
s

Wildlife

Structur
es and
Institutio
n

Non
recyclables
e.g.. Fossil
fuels

Quantity
&
Quality

TYPES OF
RESOURCES
On the
basis of
origin

Biotic
Abiotic

BIOTIC & ABIOTIC RESOURCES


Biotic Biotic resources are obtained
from the biosphere (living and
organic material), such as forests and
animals, and the materials that can
be obtained from them. Fossil fuels
such as coal and petroleum are also
included in this category because
they are formed from decayed
organic matter.
Abiotic Abiotic resources are those
that come from non-living, non-

On the basis
of
exhaustibilit
y

Renewable
resources
Nonrenewable
resources

RENEWABLE RESOURCES
Renewable resources
are ones that can be
replenished naturally.
Some of these
resources, like sunlight,
air, wind, etc., are
continuously available
and their quantity is
not noticeably affected
by human consumption.

NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES
A natural resource such as coal, gas, or oil
that, once consumed, cannot be replaced.
Most energy resources currently in use are
non-renewable.
A non-renewable resource is made up of
mostly dead animal skin. The skin then
turns into a resource such as oil.
Also considered non-renewable are
resources that are consumed much faster

Individual
resources

On the basis
of ownership

Community
owned
resources
National
resources
International
resources

INDIVIDUAL RESOURCES-Individual
resources are those resources which
are owned by an individual and can 't
be accessed by someone else. These
are also referred as private resource.
These are indicators of a capitalist
country and its influence. E.g.. Land ,
property, houses, cars etc.
COMMUNITY OWNED RESOURCESCommunity resources are a group of
assistance programs that are provided

NATIONAL RESOURCES- the resources belong to


the nation. The country has legal powers to
acquire even private property for public good.
Urban Development Authorities get empowered
by the government to acquire land. E.g. All the
minerals, water resources, forests, wildlife, land
within the political boundaries are resources
which belong to the nation.

INTERNATIONAL RESOURCES- the resources


lying beyond 200 kms of Exclusive
Economic Zone in the oceans are called
International Resources. No individual
country can use it without the permission
of International agencies.

On the basis
of the status
of the
development

Potential
resource
Develope
d
resource
Stock
Reserves

Potential Resources- These are known to exist and may


be used in the future. For example, petroleum may exist
in many parts of India and Kuwait that have
sedimentary rocks, but until the time it is actually
drilled out and put into use, it remains a potential
resource.

Developed Resources-Developed resources are those


that have been surveyed, their quantity and quality
determined and are being used in present times. The
development of an actual resource, such as wood
processing depends upon the technology available and
the cost involved

Stock Resources Stock resources are


those that have been surveyed but cannot
be used by organisms due to lack of
technology. For example: water is a
compound of 2 inflammable gases:
hydrogen and oxygen, which can be used
as a rich source of energy. But we do not
have the required technical know-how to
use them for this purpose. Hence it can be
considered as stock.
Reserve Resources The part of an actual
resource which can be developed profitably
in the future is called a reserve resource.
The water in dams, forests etc. is a reserve

VELOPMENT OF RESOURCE
With increasing population, the
demand for resources is increasing.
There are marked differences in
resource distribution and
associated economic inequality
between regions or countries, with
developed countries using more
natural resources than developing
countries.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT is
development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs.
Sustainable development constantly seeks to
achieve social and economic progress in ways that
will not exhaust the earths finite natural
resources.
The needs of the world today are real and
immediate, yet its necessary to develop ways to
meet these needs that do not disregard the future,

Akshita
Singh
X-B