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THE PRESENT SIMPLE 1

THE PRESENT SIMPLE:


AFFIRMATIVE
SUBJECT
S
I
N
G
U
L
A
R
P
L
U
R
A
L

VERB INFINITIVE

READ

YOU

READ

EVERY DAY.

HE / SHE /
IT

READS

WE

READ

ONCE A
WEEK.

YOU

READ

THEY

READ

AT HOME.

RULES FOR THE 3RD PERSON SINGULAR (HE /


SHE / IT)
In general
+s

work works

Verbs ending
in conson. + y
y + ies

study

eat eats

studies
cry cries

play plays

try tries

swim swims
write writes

spy spies
fy fies

Verbs ending
in o, sh, tch,
x, ss
+ es

go goes
wash washes
watch
watches
mix mixes
kiss kisses

WE USE PRESENT SIMPLE TO TALK ABOUT:

facts

habits and routines

I live in Poland.

They swim every


day.

feeling and
emotions

general truth

They like pizza.

Sunday comes after


Saturday.

Make affirmative sentences 1 (he/go)

He goes to school

Make affirmative sentences 2


(They/eat)

They eat a lot.

Make affirmative sentences 3


(She/surf)

She surfs the Internet.

Make affirmative sentences 4 (I/play)

I play the fute.

Make affirmative sentences 5 (She/cry)

She cries.

Negative form
S
I
N
G
U
L
A
R
P
L
U
R
A
L

SUBJECT

DO/DOE
S

NOT

VERB

DO

NOT

READ

YOU

DO

NOT

READ

EVERY DAY.

HE / SHE /
IT

DOES

NOT

READ

ONCE A
WEEK.

WE

DO

NOT

READ

AT HOME.

YOU

DO

NOT

READ

THEY

DO

NOT

READ

SHORT FORM: do not = dont


does not =
doesnt
SHORT
SUBJECT
VERB
FORM

S
I
N
G
U
L
A
R
P
L
U
R
A
L

DONT

READ

YOU

DONT

READ

EVERY DAY.

HE / SHE /
IT

DOESNT

READ

ONCE A
WEEK.

WE

DONT

READ

AT HOME.

YOU

DONT

READ

THEY

DONT

READ

Make negative sentences 1


(They/read)

They dont read.

Make negative sentences 2


(She/love)

She doesnt love him.

Make negative sentences 3


(He/drive)

He doesnt drive.

Make negative sentences 4


(He/work)

He doesnt work.

Make negative sentences 5


(They/sing)

They dont sing.

YOUR TURN NOW


Write the affirmative /negative form of the
verbs in brackets:
1. Dave (not live) in Madrid.
2. Sue (study) German at school.
3. My dad (drive) a red car.
4. We . (not walk) to school.
5. The 34 bus (not stop) here.
6. Mr Brown . (teach) maths.
7. The children (play) football.
8. Mary (wash) the dishes after
lunch.

INTERROGATIVE & SHORT ANSWERS


S
I
N
G
U
L
A
R

P
L
U
R
A
L

DO/DOES

SUBJECT

VERB

SHORT ANSWERS

DO

PLAY ?

Yes, you do. / No, you


dont.

PLAY ?

Yes, you do. / No, you


dont.

DO

YOU

DOES

HE/SHE/
IT

PLAY ?

Yes, he does. / No, he


doesnt.

DO

WE

PLAY ?

Yes, we do. / No, we


dont.

DO

YOU

PLAY ?

Yes, we do. / No, we


dont.

THEY

Yes, they do. / No, they


PLAY ?
dont.

DO

YOUR TURN NOW 1


1. Make questions according to the
pictures using the given verb.
2. Write affirmative or negative
short answers.
3. Check your answers.

Make questions & short answers 1:


STUDY

Does he study?
No, he doesnt

Make questions & short answers 2:


LIKE

Does she like shopping?


Yes, she does

Make questions & short answers 3:


DRINK

Does he drink?
No, he doesnt

Make questions & short answers 4:


WATCH

Does he watch TV?


No, he doesnt

Make questions & short answers 5:


FLY

Does it fy?
Yes, it does

Make questions & short answers 6:


SWIM

Do they swim?
Yes, they do

Your turn now 2


1. Answer the questions
2. Check your answers

Does Paul have a shower every day?

No, he doesnt
He has a bath

Does Alice love Paul?

No, she doesnt


but Paul loves Alice

Do the children smile?

No, they dont


They cry

Does he go shopping?

No, he doesnt
He goes camping

What do they eat?

They eat hot dogs

Do they take drugs?

No, they dont take any drugs

What do they have for lunch?

They have watermelon for lunch

Does Dick drive well?

No, he doesnt
He drives very badly

Your turn now 3


Fill in the gaps with the correct present simple form
of the verbs in brackets:
1. James football at all (not like)
2. you a bath or a shower? (have)
3. My brother medicine (study)
4. We French and German at school (learn)
5. Mary ... English well (speak)
6. I understand the exercise (not
understand)
7. your father to the office? (walk)
8. Sarah never her homework (do)
9. Our teachers us lots of homework (give)
10. My gradma glasses (wear)

Your turn now 4


Correct these sentences if necessary:
1.Tom doesnt never read newspapers.
2. We not like horror films.
3. Do Dave sends e-mails? Yes, he do.
4. Mary drinks sometimes coffee after lunch.
5. My best friend plaies the piano.
6. Do you have a big breakfast?
7. Dad doesnt the housework, mum does.
8. It doesnt rains much in summer.