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SUSTAINABLE HIGHWAY

SYSTEM
Presented
by
Afzal Waseem

What is Sustainability?

Development that meets the needs of the


present, without compromising the ability of
future generations to meet
their own
Our Common
Future, UNW
needs.
Sustainability
centers on a
balance of
society,
economy and
environment for
future and

Sustainable Highway
System

Developing the capacity to build


highways
Satisfies human transportation
o Safe transportation of goods and people
needs

Manages resources wisely


o Sustainable Paving Practices
o Money spent

Reduced environmental impact


o Reduce green house gas emission
o Effect on climate

Asphalt Laye
r

Base Course
Subbase Cours
e

Subgrade

Sustainable highway system is this bigger picture in


which economical, environmental and social issues of
highway balance together.

Developing Sustainable
Highway
System
System
Planning

Integrated Planning: Economic


Development, Environment and Social

Project Development
Life-Cycle Cost Analyses
Historical, Archaeological, and Cultural
Preservation
Reduce and Reuse Materials
Recycle Materials
Construction Waste Management
Reduced Energy and Emissions in Pavement
Materials
Operations
& Maintenance
Long-Life Pavement
Pavement Management System
Bridge Management System
Maintenance Management System

Issues in Sustainable
Highway System

Economic Sustainability

Making sure we can continue to afford highway constr


Life cycle cost analysis of alternatives
Efficient construction and operations
o Life cycle cost analysis (LCCA)
Design, Construction,
Maintenance, Rehabilitation,
Salvage
o Efficient Operations
Eliminating unnecessary
activities
Quality control:
Prevents expensive corrections
Lower maintenance cost

Issues in Sustainable
Highway System
Environmental Sustainability
Environmental impacts of highways construction
Pollution
Wildlife habitat disruption
Preventing absorption of
Hwy 7,
MTO
MTO Animal
water
Climate Impacts
Detection and
Emission of gasses that contribute to
Warning System
sign and flashing
Highway 540 Deer
green house effect
light
Reflectors
Vehicle emission
Resource Renewal
Use of renewable resources
Use regional materials
Build with recyclable materials

Issues in Sustainable
Highway System
Social Equity
Safer Highway System
Open graded friction course
Noise reduction

Highway 405
from QEW to
Queenston
Plaza in Central
Region

More than two people are killed and 10


seriously injured every day on Ontario's
roads
Wild life crossing reduces animal-vehicle
collision

Access

Open access to different modes of transportation


Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities

Protecting historic, cultural landmarks and natural re

Sustainable Paving
Practices
Reclaimed Asphalt Pavements
Recycling asphalt for
use in new pavements
As an aggregate in
CMA
As an fill material

Sustainability
Benefits
Reduces raw material
usage
Cuts of waste
production
Reduces cost

MTO has been a leader8 in


recycling since the 1970s.

Sustainable Paving
Practices
Warm Mix Asphalt
Asphalt produced at lower
temperature:
Foaming asphalt binder
Additives to improve
binding

155o
C

123 oC

Sustainability
Benefits
Reduced
fuel usage, hence lower project fuel cost
Reduces harmful emissions
Comfortable working environment
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Sustainable Paving
Practices
Perpetual Pavement
Asphalt wearing
surface
Intermediate
layer

Sustainable pavement life


cycle
Pavement designed so that it
never needs to replace
completely
Layered pavement
construction
Sustainability
MEPDG
research
Longer
design
life
Benefits
Less construction and
material costs
Lower material usage
means more
environmentally

Base layer
Aggrega
te base
Subgrade

Perpetual pavement example


10
on Hwy 406 with Design life

Sustainability Rating
System
MTOs GreenPave Rating System
Category

Goal

Pavement
Design
Materials
&
Technologies
Resources
Energy &
Atmosphere
Innovation &
Design Process

These include long life pavements,


permeable
noise mitigating
To optimizepavements,
the usage/reusage
of recycled
pavements.
materials
and to minimize material
transportation
distances.
To minimize energy
consumption and GHG
emissions.
To recognize innovation and exemplary

Poin
ts
9
14
9

efforts made to foster sustainable pavement 4


designs.
Maximum Total:

36

Implement a Green Paver of the Year award

MTO Initiative for Sustainable


Transportation System
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List of References
1. World Commission on Environment. Our common future. Centre
for Our Common Future, 1992.
2. Bryce, J. "Developing sustainable transportation infrastructure."
(2008).
3. Eisenman, Ana Athalia Plaut. "Sustainable streets and highways:
an analysis of green roads rating systems." (2012).
4. Ponniah, Joseph, Becca Lane, Pamela Marks, and Susanne Chan.
"Ontarios Experience in the Construction of Perpetual Pavement
Trials." In 2009 Annual Conference and Exhibition of the
transportation Association of Canada. 2009.
5. Chan, Susanne, Becca Lane, Tom Kazmierowski, and Warren Lee.
"Pavement Preservation." Transportation Research Record:
Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2235, no. 1 (2011):
36-42.

Web Link
1. http://www.pavementinteractive.org

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Thank you!
Questions

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