Você está na página 1de 30

SKIN DETECTION

By:
Megha. V
Meena. R

Outline:
Differentiate between skin and non-skin
detection.

Skin Detection
Issues
Color classification
Color Detection Methods
Bayes Rule
Applications
2

What do we mean by recognition?

Verification: is that a lamp?

Research paper
Title:
A Systematic Survey of Skin Detection Algorithms, Applications
and Issues.
By
Iram Noreen
From
J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci., 4(9S)231-238, 2014 2014, TextRoad
Publication ISSN: 2090-4274 Journal of Applied Environmental and
Biological Sciences. Department of Computer Science, the University of
Lahore Received: September 12, 2014 Accepted: November 23, 2014
5

Differentiate between
skin and non-skin
detection

Skin Detection
Skin detection is the process of finding
skin-colored pixels and regions in an
image or a video. This process is typically
used as a preprocessing step to find
regions that potentially have human faces
and limbs in images.

Issues
Issue 1: How exactly color distribution has to be
modelled?
Issue 2: Which color space to be used?

SKIN COLOR
MODELING
Explicitly Defined Skin Region
Non Parametric Methods
Parametric Methods

Explicitly Defined Skin


Region
This method explicitly defines the
boundaries of skin cluster in some color
spaces. The explicitly defined skin
region method is the easiest and fastest
method to define skin color region.

10

Non Parametric Methods


In this method skin distribution is
estimated by training data without
developing explicit model for skin color.
This method is always used as the first
step to detect face.

11

Histogram-based
Qualitative observations:

Color space is quantized into a number


of bins, where each bin corresponds to a
color range

The detector tends to fail on


highly saturated or shadowed skin.

12

Parametric Methods
In this method they require less training
with data.

Gaussian fitted skin color model, we can


now obtain the likelihood of skin for any
pixel of an image

13

COLOR
CLASSIFICATION
RGB
HSV, HSI, HSL (hue, saturation,
value/intensity/luminance)

YUV

14

RGB
RGB is most common color space for
image representation. It was developed
with CRT. RGB color space contains
three additive primary colors, red,
green and blue.

15

HSV
High cost of conversion
Pixel with large and small
intensities are discarded as HS
becomes unstable.

16

YUV color space


YUV is the color space used in the PAL
system of television broadcasting which
is the standard in most of Europe and
some other places

17

YUV Algorithm

18

SKIN DETECTION
METHODS
Region Based Methods.
Pixel Based Methods

19

Region Based Methods


Is established on the basis of pixel based
approach. It takes the spatial
arrangement of neighboring pixels to
improve performance of skin pixel
detection.

20

Pixel Based Methods


In this method each pixel is categorized in
form of skin pixel and non-skin pixel apart
from neighboring pixels.

Pixel based methods are fast in processing


and more appropriate for different
geometric patterns in skin color. Moreover
as they are more sensitive to resolution
changes hence they dont need the use of
artificial colour signs in image.
21

Comparison of Color
Spaces

22

SKIN DETECTION

skin

23

Skin detection

24

Bayes rule

normalization term

For skin detection


25

Skin Detection
Applications
Person Detector
Adult Image Detector
Medical Purpose

26

Skin Detection
Applications Contd
Hand tracking, face detection, person tracking
Skin color detection module equally applicable
for other color editing, detection etc
applications

Color is used as primary clue in many image


processing and computer vision applications
27

28

Bibilography

29

30