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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more

commonly
known
as
Mahatma
(meaning Great Soul) was born in
Porbandar, Gujarat, in North West
India, on 2nd October 1869, into a
Hindu Modh family. His father was the
Chief Minister of Porbandar, and his
mothers religious devotion meant that
his upbringing was infused with the
Jain pacifist teachings of mutual
tolerance, non-injury to living beings
and vegetarianism.

Known for : Prominent figure of


Indian Independence Movement,
propounding the SATYAGRAHA and
AHIMSA, advocating non-violence,
pacifism
Cause of Death: Assasination (January
30, 1948- 78 years)

Religion: Hinduism

A mediocre student
Married at the age of 13- Kasturba
Makhanji
Interested in becoming a doctor
His father want him to be a
government minister- legal profession
He went to London, England to study
law

Embracing Westernian Culture

Meatless diet, joined Executive


Committee of the London
Vegetarian Society, started to read
a variety of sacred texts to learn
more about the world religions

Gandhi in South Africa- Spiritual


and Political Leader
discrimation and racial segregation faced by Indian immigrants
deprive the Indians the right to vote
1. Natal Indian Congress
If Indians expected to have full rigths o citizenship in the British Empire, they
also need to shoulder their responsibilities

2. continued

to study world religions


The religious spirit within me became a living
force he adopted a life of simplicity, austerity
and celibacy that was a free of material goods

3. organized his 1st mass civildisobedience campaign


(SATYAGRAHA- truth and firmness)
Refusal to recognize Hindu
marriage
Abolition of a Poll tax for Indians

Fight for Indian Liberation


Mahatma- Great Soul
devoted himself to a prayer, fasting and meditation
*imprisonment to those suspected of sedition
he called for peaceful protests and strikes but violence
broke out
AMRITSAR MASSACRE

mass boycotts
urged the government officials to
stop working for the crown
students to stop attending
government schools
Soldiers to live their posts
Citizen to stop paying taxes and
purchasing British goods

Portable
spinning wheela symbol of
Indian
Independence
and self- reliance

The Salt March


British Salt Act
My ambition is no less than to convert the British
people through non-violence and thus make them
see the wrong they have done to India, he wrote
days before the march to the British viceroy, Lord
Irwin. Wearing a homespun white shawl and
sandals and carrying a walking stick,

1930- Time Magazine Man of


the Year

The Road to Independence

August 15, 1947


Indian National Congress
Government of Indian Act (1935)
Separation of Indian government for Indian provinces
Participation in the law making body
Right to vote

Assasinated by Nathuram Godsewas executed in Nov. 1949

When it (violence) appears to do good, the good is only

temporary; the evil it does is permanent.


"Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and
what you do are in harmony."
"Hate the sin, love the sinner."
"I believe in equality for everyone, except reporters and
photographers."
"You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an
ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean
does not become dirty."
"Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat,
for it is momentary."
"An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."

Be the change you


want to see in the
world