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Presentation On

Li-Fi(Light Fidelity)
Technology
Presented To:
Presented By :
Er. Neeru
Er. Lalit

Name: Abhilash
Roll No:5511203
Branch CSE
Semester 5th

CONTENTS
Introduction
Present Scenario
History
Working of Li-Fi
Basic Principle Of Li-Fi
Comparison between Li-Fi & Wi-Fi
How Is It Different
Economic Value
Limitations
Application of Li-Fi
Future Prospects
Conclusion
References

Introduction
Li-Fi is a label for wireless-communication systems using

light as a carrier instead of traditional radio frequencies, as


in Wi-Fi.
The term was first used in this context by Harald Haas
from the University of Edinburgh in his TED Global talk on
Visible Light Communication.
LI-Fi is transmission of data through illumination

sending data through a LED light bulb that varies in


intensity faster than human eye can follow.

Fig 1. A Li-Fi Zone

History
The technology truly

began during the 1990's


in countries like Germany,
Korea, and Japan where
they discovered LED's
could be retrofitted to
send information. Harald
Haas continues to wow
the world with the
potential to use light for
communication

Fig 2. Professor
Hass

Harald

Present Scenario

1.4 Million

5 Billion

Present Scenario

Radio Spectrum is congested but the demand for wireless

data double each year .Every thing, it seems want to use


wireless data but the capacity is drying up.
So what can carry this excess demand in the future .

WHAT CAN
REPLACE
RADIO WAVES
FOR WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION
?

Working of Li-Fi
Operational procedure is simple : if the LED is on, you transmit a

digital signal 1, if its off you transmit a 0 signal.


The LEDs can be switched on and off very quickly, which gives
nice opportunities for transmitting data. Hence all that us required
is some LEDS and a controller that code data into those LEDs.
We have to just vary the rate at which the LEDs flicker

depending upon the data we want to encode.


Further enhancements can be made in this method, like using
an array of LEDs for parallel data transmission.
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Fig 3. Working Of Li-Fi

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Visible Light Communication (VLC)


Visible Light Communication (VLC) is the basic principle

behind Li-Fi.
It uses visible light between 400 THz (780 nm) and 800 THz
(375 nm) as optical carrier for data transmission and
illumination.
A data rate of greater than 100 Mbps is possible by using high
speed LEDs with appropriate multiplexing techniques. VLC
data rate can be increased by parallel data transmission using
LED arrays where each LED transmits a different data stream.
There are reasons to prefer LED as the light source in VLC
while a lot of other illumination devices like fluorescent lamp,
incandescent bulb etc. are available.
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Why VLC ??

Fig 4. Electromagnetic Radiation

Gama rays cant be used as they could be dangerous.


X-rays have similar health issues.
Ultraviolet light is good for place without people, but other

wise dangerous for the human body.


Infrared, due to eye safety regulation, can only be used

with low power.

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Li-Fi Vs Wi-Fi

Table 1. List Of Various Technologies


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Fig5. DATA Transmission Using Li-Fi

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ECONOMIC VALUE
A free band that does not need license.
High installment cost but very low maintenance cost.
Cheaper than Wi-Fi.
Theoretical speed up to 1 GB per second : Less time

& energy consumption.


No more monthly broadband bills.
Lowerelectricity costs.
Longevity ofLED bulb:saves money.
Light doesn't penetrate through walls : secured
access.
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Limitations
The main problem is that light can't pass through objects, so if the receiver

is inadvertently blocked in any way, then the signal will immediately cut
out. "If the light signal is blocked, or when you need to use your device to
send information -- you can seamlessly switch back over to radio waves".
Reliability and network coverage are the major issues to be considered by

the companies while providing VLC services. Interferences from external


light sources like sun light, normal bulbs; and opaque materials in the path
of transmission will cause interruption in the communication.
High installation cost of the VLC systems can be complemented by large-

scale implementation of VLC though Adopting VLC technology will


reduce further operating costs like electricity charges, maintenance charges
etc.
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APPLICATION OF LI-FI
In Traffic Lights
Airlines
Smarter Power Plants
Undersea Awareness
In Hospitals
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Fig 5. Light bulbs in a remote area


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Fig 6. Underwater Li-Fi application.


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Fig 7.Traffic Lights a source of Li-Fi


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Future Prospects
This research report categorizes the global VLC

technology market; based oncomponent, applications,


and geography. Li-Fi uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs)
which are rapidly gaining inpopularityfor standard light
bulbs and other domestic and commercial purposes. They
are expected to be ubiquitous in 20 years

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CONCLUSION
The possibilities are numerous and can be explored

further. If this technology can be put into practical use ,


every bulb can be used something like a Wi-Fi hotspots to
transmit wireless data.

Fig 8. Simple LED

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References
Google
Wikipedia
Slideshare

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THANK YOU
Any Queries ???

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