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Gender Differences in Coping

Behaviour
Anisa Indah Lestari

Presentation Outline:

Introduction

Males and females have different cultural messages in their positions in the
society.

For men, they do not emphasize the connection to others, foster individuation
and independence, and support a higher sense of self-salience. Consequently,
with this strong sense of independence from others and others feelings may
let them to act out against others more easily. As a result, males tend to be
more likely have problems like delinquency .

On the other hand, for women, they emphasize the interaction and
socialization to others, foster reliance on and empathy for others, and lead to
a lower sense of self-salience. Having a sense of interconnectedness and
concern for others feelings and the low priority on their selves may cause
them to bring negative emotions inward.

As a result, females will be more likely to experience depression .

Statement of Problem:
The rising incidence of depression among
youths .

Purpose of Study:

to explore the coping behaviour


styles among male and female
students towards stress.

Research Questions:

Do parenting styles affect the development of coping behaviour in both male and female students?

Are female students more vulnerable towards stress compared to male students?

How is the coping behaviour styles different between male and female students?

Literature Review:

Women
Piko
Girls
Kirchner,
Jang
(2007)
reported
are reported
found
having having
greatergreater
endorsement
fear and
ofmore
avoidant
likely
coping,
to develop
whereas
anxiety
boysdiso
ha

Methodology

This research focuses on quantitative analysis.


The respondents of this study were the undergraduates and
postgraduates of all kuliyyahs in International Islamic University
Malaysia.
They were chosen voluntarily.

31 questionnaires were distributed to 18 female students and 13 male


students.

Each questionnaire was answered online using google survey to


conveniently sample the data.

Results
Your father is more permissive than
your mother

Q. 1: Do parenting styles affect the


development of coping behaviour in both
male and female students?
Majority of students (32 %)
answered agree and neutral.

DO you cry easily?

Q.2: Are female students more


vulnerable towards stress compared to
male students?
10 male students and 9 female students stated that
they did not cry easily. Whereas 10 female students
and only 2 male students stated that they cried easily.

What will you do when you are


stressed?

Q.3: How is the coping behaviour styles


different between male and female
students?
Being alone and praying were the most
favorable solution when they are stressed.

Discussion
A. Conclusion

The majority of students stated that their mothers were more


authoritative compared to their fathers. As far as the students
perceptions were concerned, this result was similarly reported in a
research paper written by Lin and Lian (2011) at two public secondary
schools in Malaysia. This finding was supported by past study, in which
the parenting styles did affect the development of coping behaviour.

It was worryingly found females were more vulnerable towards stress


compared to males. This result was correlated similarly with the past
finding of McLean and Anderson (2009), in which they stated among
children girls are more likely than boys to experience any anxiety
disorder.

It was clearly showed that there was no difference in coping behaviour


styles as both male students and female students favored being alone
in the room and praying as their best solution for their coping behaviour.
Based on the findings of Piko(2001) in which no differences could be
discovered between coping behaviour styles in both males and females.

B. Implication

Therefore the methods in which parents should have the parenting


education, the therapists and educators to prevent future emotional
problems, and praying as the best coping behaviour that should be
practiced in everyday lives.

C. Recommendation

Future researchers are recommended to further study the coping behaviour in relation with depressive symptoms and delinquent behaviour. In
addition, it is suggested to enlarge the sample of study in order to obtain better findings and results.

MERITYA HALABY HASYIM


The Impact of media in presidential election among Indonesian students
in IIUM

Presentation Outline

Click icon to add picture

Statement of problem:
Media provide take and give from the
society to government, vice versa.

Purpose of study:
to explore the development of electoral campagin
through the freedom of media

Literature Review

The Reform
Erademocracy
hasThe
lead
the democratic
transformation
of
Indonesian
system
mass
media
system
regulation
from
authoritarian
regime to democratic system (
The
establishment
of new
political
partys
system;
4) citizen
theand
freedom
to express
opinion
(Gazali,
2004).
Ahmad
models
Elia
(2012)
of
Reform
withEra
varying
has
induced
forms
and
forpolitical
levels
the changing
of
regulation
participation
of
thepublic
(Macnamara,2012
mass
media
system
in Indonesia

Methodology

This research focus on quantitative analysis

The respondents of this study were Indonesian students from all kulliyahs both postgraduates and
undergraduates students

They were chosen voluntarily and giving maximum 10 minutes to answer the questions.

9 questions distributed equally between male and female from different kulliyahs which is 15 male and 15
female

Each questions answered trough the paper that the researcher distributed.

Result
Devices

Pc/ Laptop

Q1:

Smart phones
Tablet pc
Television
other

what are the different kinds of devices do you use


everyday to watch the news?
Almost 50% of the students on both male and
female are using smart phones

16
14
12
10
8
6

Q2:

Most of the female and male are checking the


news once a week. It is about 13% and 15% of
them

male
female

4
2
0

While you are away from your country how


many times do you see the news about
Indonesian politics in Indonesia through various
devices?

10
9
8

Q3:

7
6
TV
N'paper

online news
4

social networking

3
2
1
0
None

Not much

Some

Good deal

frequency of media exposure among students to


know about the election situation
70% of the students prefer to use social
networking than others

Discussion

Conclusion

According to Ahmad (2012) a former campaignadviserto the Governor of Jakarta, 2014 will be the year
to see how social media is used and abusedfor political agendas by various political parties and
presidential candidates. Some 44% of Indonesias population is under the age of 25, guaranteeing a
steady stream of new voters in the years ahead. Indonesia is a youth-orientated society, said Professor
David Hill of Murdoch University. There has always been a special political role for youth in Indonesian
society.

Majority of the students are still not aware of the presidential election. The result of the questionnaire
mentioned that most of them like to know the political campaign situation through social media.

Implication

It is suggested that the freedom of press have a big impact in shaping good country by democracy as
mentioned. In modern democracy, the mass media has not only been raising as one important element
of political communication, beyond the political organization and citizens (McNair,2011).

Recommendation

Future researches are recommended to further study about media behavior in shaping mind and opinion
of the public, not only students about the coming election in Indonesia in 2014 next year. In addition, it is
suggested that the researchers should enlarge the knowledge about the benefit of supporting the
presidential campaign in Indonesia, for a better future.