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Employee Welfare

Meaning & definition of


Employee Welfare
Employee

welfare means the


efforts to makelife
worth living for workmen.
According to Todd
employee welfare means anything
done for the comfort and
improvement, intellectual or social,
of the employees over and above
the wages paid
which is not a necessity of the
industry.

Features of Employee
Welfare

Employee

welfare is a comprehensive term


including various services, facilities and
amenities provided to employees for their
betterment.
The basic purpose in to improve the lot of
the working class.
Employee welfare is a dynamic concept.
Employee welfare measures are also
known as
fringe benefits and services.
Welfare measures may be both voluntary
and statutory

Objectives of Employee
Welfare
Employee welfare is in the interest of the

employee, the employer and the society as a


whole. The objectives of
employee welfare are: It helps to improve.
* It improves the loyalty and morale of the
employees.
* It reduces labor turnover and absenteeism.
* Welfare measures help to improve the goodwill
and
public image of the enterprise.
* It helps to improve industrial relations and
industrial
peace.
*It helps to improve employee productivity

Agencies of Employee
1. Central government: - The central government has made
Welfare
elaborate provisions for the health, safety and welfare under

Factories Act 1948, and Mines Act 1952. These acts provide for
canteens, crches, rest rooms, shelters etc.

2. State government: - Government in different states and Union


Territories provide welfare facilities to workers. State government
prescribes rules for the welfare of the workers and ensures
compliance with the provisions under various labor laws.

3. Employers: - Employers in India in general looked upon welfare


work as fruitless and barren though some of them indeed had
done pioneering work.
4. Trade unions: - In India, trade unions have done little for the
welfare of workers. But few sound and strong unions have been
the
pioneering in this respect. E.g. the Ahmedabad textiles labor
association and the Mazdoor sabha, Kanpur.
5. Other agencies: - Some philanthropic, charitable d social
service
organizations like: - Seva Sadan society, Y.M.C.A., etc

Types of Employee Welfare


*

Intramural: - These are provided within the


organization like: 1. Canteen,
2. Rest rooms,
3. Crches,
4. Uniform etc.
*

Extramural: - These are provided outside the


organization, like: 1. Housing,
2. Education,
3. Child welfare,
4. Leave travel facilities,
5. Interest free loans,
6. Workers cooperative stores,
7. Vocational guidance etc.

Types of Employee Welfare


Statutory welfarework - comprising the legal
provisions in
various pieces of labor legislation.

Voluntary welfarework - includes those activities


which are
undertaken by employers for their voluntary work.
Different ways of Social Security Provision in India

1. Social Insurance- common fund is established with


periodical contribution from workers out of which all benefits in
terms of
cash or kind are paid.The employers & state prove major
portion of
finances.Benifits shuch as PF, Group Insurance etc are offered.
2. Social Assistance- Benefits are offered to persons of
small
means by govt out of its general revenues. Eg- Old age
pension

Social Security Employee Welfare


Medical

care
Sickness benefit in cash
Old age pension or retirement benefit
Invalidity pension
Maternity benefit
Accident benefit
Survivors benefit

Art

41 0f Indian constitution says that the state


shall with in the limits of its economic capacity &
develepment, make effective provision for
security , the right to work, to education & to
public assistance in cases of unemployment,
oldage, sickness & disablement & in other cases
of undeserved want

Role of Management in Employee


Welfare

Organizations provide welfare facilities to their


employees to keep their motivation levels high. The
employee welfare schemes can be classified into two
categories viz.statutory and non-statutory welfare
schemes.

The

statutory schemes are those schemes that are


compulsory to provide by an organization as
compliance to the laws governing employee health
and safety. These include provisions provided in
industrial acts like Factories Act 1948, Dock Workers
Act (safety,health and welfare) 1986, Mines Act 1962.

The

non statutory schemes differ from organization to


organization and from industry to industry

Employee Welfare
STATUTORY

The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions:


Drinking Water
Facilities for sitting
First aid appliances
Canteen facilities
Spittoons
Lighting

NON

WELFARE SCHEMES

STATUTORY SCHEMES

Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups):Some of the


companies provide the facility for extensive health check-up
Flexi-time:The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide
opportunity to employees to work with flexible working
schedules
Employee Assistance Programs:Various assistant programs are
arranged like external counseling service so that employees or
members of their immediate family can get counseling on
various matters.

Impact of Welfare on Productivity


The

welfare measures aim at integrating the sociopsychological needs of employees, the unique
requirements of a particular technology, the structure and
processes of the organization and the existing sociocultural environment.

It

creates a culture of work commitment in organizations


and society which ensure higher productivity and greater
job satisfaction to the employees.
Due to the welfare measures, the employees feel that the
management is interested in taking care of the
employees that
result in the sincerity, commitment and loyalty of the
employees
towards the organization.
The

employees work with full enthusiasm and energetic


behavior which results in the increase in production and
ultimately the increased profit.

I L Os Employee Welfare
ILO

has suggested welfare funds on a collective basis


to finance activities in small undertakings.
It has adopted a number of convections &
recommendations regarding industrial accidents &
occupational health.
New dimension to welfare activities has been
provided by ILOs contribution to family welfare &
population education prog among industrial workers
in organised sector in India
It has rendered exemplary service to all 3 elements
composing it govt, employees & workers.
It has greatly influenced labour legislation, labour
welfare , trade unionism & Industrial Relations in
India

CONCLUSION:
TODAY,WELFARE

HAS BEEN
GENERALLY ACCEPTED BY THE
EMPLOYERS.EACH EMPLOYER
DEPENDING ON ITS PRIORITIES
GIVES VARIES DEGREE S OF
IMPORTANCE TO LABOUR
WELFARE.

THANK

YOU