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UNDERSTANDING STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS (EDP 1610) LD / SLOW LEARNER
UNDERSTANDING
STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS
(EDP 1610)
LD / SLOW LEARNER
GROUP MEMBERS • MUHAMMAD B ABDULLAH SITI TASNIM BT ABD MANAN NOR SYAHIRAH BT NAZAM NUR
GROUP MEMBERS
MUHAMMAD B ABDULLAH
SITI TASNIM BT ABD MANAN
NOR SYAHIRAH BT NAZAM
NUR ASIAH BT SULAIMAN
( DL 1518853 )
(
DL 1515910 )
( DL 1436550 )
( DL 1516298 )
What is learning disability? Having trouble:  Processing information Organizing information  Applying information
What is learning
disability?
Having trouble:
 Processing information
Organizing information
 Applying information
Types of Learning Disabilities  Dyslexia A language and reading disability  Central Auditory Processing Disorder
Types of Learning
Disabilities
 Dyslexia
A language and reading disability
 Central Auditory
Processing Disorder
 Dyscalculia
Problems with arithmetic and
math concepts
Difficulty processing and
remembering language-
related tasks
 Dysgraphia
A writing disorder resulting in
illegibility
 Non-Verbal Learning
Disorders
Trouble with nonverbal e.g;
body language: poor
 Dyspraxia (Sensory
Integration Disorder)
coordination, clumsy
Problems with motor
coordination
 Visual Perceptual/Visual
Motor Deficit
Reverses letters; cannot copy
 Slow Learner
accurately;
 Language Disorders
(Aphasia/Dysphasia)
Trouble understanding
spoken language; poor
reading comprehension
Causes of Learning Disabilities NO real causes Might be caused by:  Hereditary  Teratogenic 
Causes of Learning
Disabilities
NO real causes
Might be caused by:
 Hereditary
 Teratogenic
 Medical
Environmental
Characteristics of Learning Disabilities How will I know if my student has a LD?  Student
Characteristics of
Learning Disabilities
How will I know if my student has a LD?
 Student is physically “normal”
 Average or above average intelligence
 Many LDs need to be medically diagnosed
Karen Karen Mackay Mackay (2001), (2001), one one of of the the advisor advisor of of

Karen Karen Mackay Mackay (2001), (2001), one one of of the the advisor advisor of of Specific Specific Learning Learning Difficulties Difficulties of of South South Australia Australia (SPELD (SPELD SA) SA) define define slow slow learner learner asas aa child child of of below below average average intelligence, intelligence, whose whose thinking thinking skills skills have have developed developed significantly significantly more more slowly slowly than than the the norm norm for for his/her his/her age. age. This This child child will will gogo through through the the same same basic basic developmental developmental stages stages asas other other children, children, but but will will dodo soso at at aa significantly significantly slower slower rate. rate.

Karen Karen Mackay Mackay (2001), (2001), one one of of the the advisor advisor of of

Causes Of Slow Learning

Emotional growth

Health Problem

Absenteeism

Illiterate Parents

Untrained Teacher

Class Size

Busy parent or no time for children

Family size

Slow Learners

What do we should know:

Prone to be immature in interpersonal relationships Have difficulties following multi-step directions

Tend to have a poor self image Work on all tasks slowly

Do not have strategies for problem solving or decision making

Symptoms of Slow Learners

AREAS

 

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

 

Developmen

may have immature language patterns or speech

 

tal

problems

Social

poor judgment, immature social behavior, prefers company of younger children

Personal

frustration, aggression, anxiety

 

Academic

poor memory, difficulties understanding several steps in a task

Learning

difficulties transferring information learned in one situation to other situations.

Identified Slow

Learners

How do we help the identified Slow learner student???

1.Differentiate between the slow learner and the reluctant learner who is unmotivated, resistive, passive aggressive and uncooperative.

2.Introduce more information, not less. They will never improve if the pace is slowed too much.

3.Keep the information bits and bytes small.

More…

  • 4. Associate physical and manipulative activities with academics and homework.

  • 5. Teach organization strategies.

  • 6. Rote learning works best but is seen as boring and aversive, so use computers, flash cards and review, review, review.

Techniques

Differentiate

Techniques Differentiate  Techniques that work involve: 1. Word drills 2. Response cards 3. Sentence repetition
Techniques Differentiate  Techniques that work involve: 1. Word drills 2. Response cards 3. Sentence repetition

Techniques that work involve:

1.Word drills 2.Response cards 3.Sentence repetition 4.Phonic drills 5.Audio taped words 6.Word definition drills

Techniques Differentiate  Techniques that work involve: 1. Word drills 2. Response cards 3. Sentence repetition
Techniques Differentiate  Techniques that work involve: 1. Word drills 2. Response cards 3. Sentence repetition

Treatment &

Solutions

General interventions that should always be applied to improve learning with the slow learner involve:

1.Reduce distractions, audible and visual. 2.Promote attentiveness. 3.Keep assignments short. 4.Repeat work assignments in various forms. 5.Provide variation in assignments.

  • 6. Give more hands on assignments

  • 7. Keep tests short and use oral tests when possible.

  • 8. Have test errors redone correctly.

  • 9. Use mapping and graphic organizers.

 10. Help the student become proficient with note taking. 11. Try implementing a Parent Tutor

10.Help the student become proficient with note taking.

11.Try implementing a Parent Tutor program. 12.Praise the child at every opportunity. 13.Chat to parents.

 10. Help the student become proficient with note taking. 11. Try implementing a Parent Tutor