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73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments

Constitution of India is a supreme law of India.


It is a set of laws which include the structure, procedures, powers and duties of
government institutions. It sets out fundamental rights, directive principals
(the guidelines/principles, given to the central and state governments of India). and the
duties of citizens.
It consists of 448 articles in 25[parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments were introduced in parliament in
September, 1991 by the government of Prime Minister Narasimha Rao.
73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments emerged as the most vital amendments.
These amendments were
institutions/local bodies.

done

for

strengthening

the

local

level

Amendments aim at strengthening of democratic set-up through the participatory


mechanism at the village, town and city level .
Amendments gives power to the Panchayat and Municipalities for development at
grass root level.
73rd constitutional amendments relates to Panchayat i.e. rural areas.
74th constitutional amendments relates to Municipalities i.e. urban areas.

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


73rd amendments lay down the hierarchy of institutions/local bodies at the
rural areas:
Gram Panchayat at village level
Block Samiti at block or intermediate level
Zila Parishad at district level.
74th amendments lay down the hierarchy of institutions/local bodies at the
urban areas:
Nagar Parishad at transitional areas
Municipal council at small urban areas
Municipal corporations at larger urban areas
These local bodies are given functions and responsibilities for development of rural and
urban areas.
Amendment also includes creation of a finance commission at the state level.
Article 243-2f stipulates that the state Governments have to review the existing
municipal laws within a period of one year.
Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


Development Plans to be prepared by Panchayats and Municipalities :
Municipalities and panchayats are required to prepare economic and social
development plans for future development. Such plans based on survey should be
prepared by professional urban and regional planners.
The most important feature is Article 243-G which includes 11th schedule and
Article 243-W which includes 12th schedule.
11th schedule consists of 29 functions for rural development and 12 th
schedule consists of 18 functions for urban development.

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


RURAL DEVELOPMENT

FUNCTIONS FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

FUNCTIONS FOR
SOCIAL
DEVELOPMENT

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


URBAN DEVELOPMENT

URBAN PLANNING FUNCTIONS

FUNCTIONS FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND


INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT

18.Public amenities including street lights , parking plots,


bus stops and public convenience.c

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


Article 243-ZD and Article 243-ZE consists of constitution of District
Planning Committee and Metropolitan Planning Committee.
DPC ( District Planning Committee) :
Aim : Preparation of Draft Development Plan for District by consolidating plans
prepared by Panchayat and Municipalities.
Functions:
Preparation of Draft Development Plan for District by combining plans prepared by
Local Bodies i.e. plans made by Panchayat for rural areas and plans made by
Municipalities for urban areas.
Resolution of conflicts between Panchayat and Municipalities.
To co-0rdinate and monitor the implementation of District development plan.
Allocation resources to bodies for planning and implementation of local level projects.
Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


DPC ( District Planning Committee) :
Functions:
To act as a link between state and local level institutions.
To provide feedback to the state on various issues related to planning, development and
management of local area and district.
Composition of DPC :
Not less than 4/5th of the total members of DPC shall be elected from the elected members
of Panchayat and Minicipalities.
1/5th members should be experts :
Experts related to development planning, Engineering, finance, Environment, Plan
preparations and implementations, also members from NGOs engaged in the task of
promoting the cause of community at the district or local level.
Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments


MPC ( Metropolitan Planning Committee) : MPC is a regional level organization.
Aim: Preparation of draft development plan for notified Metropolitan Region.
Scope of MPC covers both rural and urban areas.
Role and functions to be performed by MPC would be similar to those
identified for DPC i.e. Plan preparation, Plan implementation, co-ordination,
monitoring, advising, assisting local bodies (both urban and rural) and state level relating
to Metropolitan Planning.
Composition :
2/3rd members shall be elected from elected members of municipalities and chairpersons
of the panchayats.
1/3rd should be experts.

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma

Thank you

Presentation by Ar.Sneha Sharma