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SICAM PAS Station

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SICAM PAS Station Unit

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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SICAM PAS Station Unit

Fan less operation


No rotating hard disk
=> silicon flash disk
Secure operation with high
availability
(>25 years MTBF)
Windows XP embedded
Operating System
Watchdog, temperature
supervision
Separate SICAM PAS CC
hardware
SICAM PAS Software pre-
Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Commissioning

The HOPF card can be plugged if required. HOPF


card needs to be configured (SW comes with the
card)

The Profibus FMS card can be plugged. Software


has to be installed and licensed to configure and
run the card.

Load the PAS Database into the PAS on to the


Station Unit

Use the EWF Manager to commit the changes.

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Advantages through standard Hard- &


Software
Open interfaces to the built in substation database
(OPC)

Automatic download of fault records and historical


data from protection devices / IEDs
Storage on the substation database

Use of standard components based on PC


technology
users are familiar, i.e. reduced training effort

Configuration with built in operation mode is very


user friendly

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Advantages through standard Hard- &


Software
Easy Substation Integration
Utilities & OEM companies can develop IED
drivers & automation applications

User Interface (UI) and remote access capability


are integrated part of the OS
Remote Desktop, Internet Information Server,
Web Services, etc.

Support of remote access to IEDs for test &


diagnostics and configuration & setting, e.g. DIGSI

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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The Station Unit Comprises

19 rack system
Industrial Microcomputer
Low Voltage Pentium III, 933 MHZ
320 MByte SDRAM PC 133 MHz (extentable to 512)
1 MByte-Flash-EPROM
512 kByte BIOS
512 kByte User-System (spare for own applications, not used by PAS)
On Board Graphics: 1280 x 1024 / 16,7 Million Colours (DB15f)
10 Status LEDs (4 configurable)
Interfaces: 2xRS232 (DB9m), 2xUSB, 1xPS/serial-Mouse/Keyboard, LAN:
10/100 (RJ45)
2 GBytes SILICON Flash Disk
Safety functions: HW-Watchdog, Temperature / Voltage monitoring of CPU
Fanless Operation, without Moving Components

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Harddisk
2 GB Flash Drive (non moveable)
Sufficiently long life time, even increased with use of EWF
Write access time a little longer

Three Partitions:
NTFS: WXPE
Active Primary Partition
Currently: 1 GB
C:
NTFS: ProDat
Primary Partition
Currently: 900 MB
D:
EWF (EWF Configuration Information)
Hidden
Approximately 100 MB unallocated space
Used for the EWF

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Windows XP Embedded

A member of Windows XP family


Launched in November, 2002
Componentised version of Windows XP Pro
Unmodified XP Pro binaries (exe, dll)
Only required components
Minimal dependancies
Flexible build of reduced-footprint designs

WXP Prof. ~ 1000 MByte


WXP Emb. for ~ 150-200
PAS MByte

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Benefits
Enhanced Performance
Specially tailored reduced operating system for SICAM PAS
Accelerated boot and shut down process

XP XP improveme
Profession Embedde nt
al d
Boot ~ 30 sec ~ 24 sec 25%
Shut ~28 sec ~ 7 sec 400%
Down
Better Reliability
Robust operating system
Allows a closed-case design, limiting the ability for end-users
to add/subtract/modify the operating system or application
Higher Security
Most threats / viruses do not run or can not be installed

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Enhanced Write Filter

Protect SICAM PAS Station Unit Overlay 3


System Files
o Non-persistent
Overlay 2
o Redirects disk writes
to memory
Overlay 1
o Use of overlays
o Allow multiple levels of
protection and undo
o Multiple volume support Original
Disk Contents

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EWF-Architecture

Read / Write

Enhanced write filter


Read /
Write
After commissioning system
can be frozen
System partition is read only Read
fully write protected
System can be switched off /
reset at any time
Reduced write cycles to Flash RAM Overlay D:
disk
Flash Disk RAM Overlay C:

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Delivery state

EWFMGR starts console


State of protected volume
Pending boot command

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EWFMGR d: -enable
Enable after commissioning enable write
protection after
commissioning
Active after reboot

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EWFMGR d: -commit
COMMIT after changes commit all changes made
until reboot
Active after reboot

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Disable before installing new components


EWFMGR d: -disable
disable EWF after
reboot

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Comparison of Standard HW & SW with


SICAM PAS
Standard HW / SW (Windows XP SICAM PAS
enhanced Solution

Standard PCs are more sensitive to surge SICAM PAS uses SIEMENS Industrial PCs
effects (IPC) compliant with highest industrial
standards

Low reliability of PC, e.g. hard disk SICAM PAS uses IPC & flash memory
failures no watchdog drives, i.e. no moving parts such as hard
disks or fans
SIEMENS IPC has a built in watchdog
Lower reliability of Windows based SICAM PAS can run under Windows XP
systems Embedded (WXPE) OS, i.e. the OS is
specially tailored for the SA application
Power Supply failure w/o proper shut SICAM PAS Station uses the enhanced
down can lead system to hang, i.e. no write filter technology to protect system
automatic unattended reboot partition
PC / Windows system: Danger of viruses SICAM PAS uses WXPE OS, i.e. the OS is
specially tailored for improved virus
protection

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Comparison of Standard HW & SW with


SICAM PAS
Standard HW / SW (Windows XP) SICAM PAS
enhanced Solution

DC AC converter is required to power the SICAM PAS uses SIEMENS IPC with a DC
PC from the station battery Power Supply

Standard PCs have reduced temperature SICAM PAS uses IPC with higher
range temperature range 0 to 50 C
environment temperature w/o fan (with no
PCI cards)
Standard PCs are leading users to "play" SICAM Station Unit has no floppy & CD
with the systems Rom drive
SICAM Station Unit runs Windows XP
Embedded (WXPE) OS, i.e. the OS is
specially tailored for the SA application
no games, multimedia etc.
It is very difficult to get spare parts due to SICAM PAS Station Unit guarantees up to
fast developments in IT 10 years spare parts availability

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Station Unit MLFB-Number

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Station Unit MLFB-Number

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Delivery State

Preinstalled with:
Operating System
Acrobat Reader
PAS FS / DIP D / E (on D:)

Operating System has been configured e.g.:


Users (Passwords) : SICAMADMIN (20_SiAd_05) /
COMMISSIONING (20_Com_05)
CUSTOMER (20_Cus_05)

autologon for user COMMISSIONING


show / hide files for different users
resolution: 1024x768
refresh rate: 75 Hz
remote desktop

only the user COMMISSIONING has rights to the file: ewfmgr.exe

Copyright SIEMENS AG PTD SE 2004. All rights reserved.

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Trouble Shooting
oIf the Station Unit should hang up by any reason, just switch it off
and on again. The EWF has routed all write access into the RAM
which is deleted when switching off. The Station Unit now boots with
the original data.

oDisable the ewf if several changes need to be done (eg.


configurations, installation of additional software).

oA recovery DVD with the appropriate image is delivered with the


Station Unit (description in yellow pages)

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