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SAME SEXMARRIAGES

EMERGING TRENDS
PREVIEW

INTRODUCTION

LAWREGARDINGSAMESEXSEXUALACTIVITY

THEARGUMENTFORLEGALISINGTHEISSUE

THENEEDFORLEGALRECOGNITION

INTERNATIONALDEVELOPMENTS

CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION

''No One Can Stop An Idea Whose


Time Has Come''
-----Victor Marie Hugo
Same-sexmarriagesarenotlegalinIndia.Lesbian,gay,
bisexualandtransgender(LGBT)peopleinIndiaface
legalandsocialdifficultiesnotexperiencedbynon-LGBT
persons.Sexualactivitybetweentwomalesisillegalandis
punishablebyincarceration,whilefemalesame-sex
activityisnotcriminalizedbuthassocietaldis-approval
LAWREGARDINGSAMESEX
SEXUALACTIVITY-AN
OVERVIEW

HomosexualintercoursewasmadeacriminaloffenceunderSection377oftheIndianPenalCode,1860

Thismadeitanoffenceforapersontovoluntarilyhave"carnalintercourseagainsttheorderofnature."

In2009,theDelhiHighCourtdecisioninNaz Foundation v Govt. of NCT of Delhi foundSection377andotherlegal


prohibitionsagainstprivate,adult,consensual,andnon-commercialsame-sexconducttobeindirectviolationof
fundamentalrightsprovidedbytheIndianConstitution

ThereisthusarequirementtodeclareSection377unconstitutionalforadultshavingconsensualsexonthebasisofthe
IndianConstitutionsArticle14whichtalksofequality,Article15whichtalksofequalityonthebasisofsex,Article
19whichtalksofthefreedomofspeechandexpression,andArticle21whichtalksoftherighttoprivacyandhealth
WHATISMARRIAGE??
MarriamWebesterDictionary-marriageistherelationshipthatexistsbetween
ahusband and a wife:asimilarrelationshipbetweenpeopleofthe
samesex:aceremonyinwhichtwopeoplearemarriedtoeachother.
Hinduism-aHinduMarriagejoinstwoindividualsforlife,sothatthey
canpursuedharma(duty),artha(possessions),kama(physicaldesires),andmoksha
(ultimatespiritualrelease)together.Itisaunionoftwoindividualsas husband and
wife,andisrecognizedbylaw
Islam-theobjectofaMuslimmarriageistolegalisechildrenandtoalargeextentto
regulateandvalidatethesexualrelations.Apartfrombeingacivilcontract,itisalso
asocialandreligiousinstitution.AsperHedaya1-Marriageisalegalprocessby
whichtheseveralprocessandprocreationandlegitimationofchildrenbetweenman
andwomenisperfectlylawfulandvalid.UnderSection2ofMuslimWomen
(ProtectionofRightsonDivorce)Act,1986MarriageorNikahamongMuslimsisa
SolemnPactorMithaq-e-ghalidbetweenaman and a woman ,solicitingeach
otherslifecompanionship,whichinlawtakestheformofacontract
Christianity-anintimateandcomplementingunionbetweenaman and a woman in
whichthetwobecomeonephysically,inthewholeoflife.Thepurposeofmarriage
asperChristianityistoreflecttherelationshipoftheGodandtoservehim
TheCentralGovernmenthadinformedtheDelhiHighCourtthathomosexualitycannotbelegalizedin
IndiaastheIndiansocietyisintoleranttothepracticeofhomosexuality/lesbianism.Threethingscanbe
saidaboutthegovernment'sstance

thestatehasnotjustafunctionto,butactuallyadutytostopunnaturalsex,orelsethesocialorderwouldbreak
down,lawlooseitslegitimacy

thatoursocietydoesnottoleratehomosexuality,andnotwithstandingtheuniversalityofhumanrightsorthe
universalapplicabilityofourfundamentalrightsandfreedoms,itscriminalizationisthereforejustified

thatitisreallynotourthing,itssomethingthathappensoutthereintheWest,wedonothavetocopythat.In
otherwordsthethreepillarsoftheclassiccultureargumentstocriminalizetheLGBTs