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Perkins 23/25/2800 Series

Diesel Engine Training

Perkins Product Training

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Domestics
Fire Exits
Breaks

Lunch

Toilets

Smoking

Mobile Phones
Health & Safety
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Ateno
As informaes deste produto distribudo apenas para
fins informativos . Elas no devem ser interpretadas
como a criao ou a tornar-se parte de Perkins Engines
contratuais ou obrigaes de garantia. A literatura de
servio adequado , incluindo ' Boletins de Servio ' j est
disponvel no site Seguro www.perkins.com ,
Deve ser sempre a autoridade final e fonte de informao
Diagramas de Fiao / desenhos eltricos , nmeros de
fios e pontos de conexo podero mudar.

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Objetivo do curso

No fim do curso, os tcnicos sero


capazes de mostrar habilidades
tcnicas e o uso de ferramentas
especiais EST ( Ferramenta de
Servio Eletrnico) e diagnstico
de falhas procedimentos
especficos a 23/25/2800
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Em todo o mundo 'Off Road' Legislao Hoje

No Legislation Requirements

Environmental Protection Agency / European Union


Regional Legislation

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Off Road Emisses e legislaes
Motores de Camada 0 classificao "A
pode ser usado em regies sem Emisses Legislao.

Motores de Nvel 1 "B" classificado so adequados para regies


com camada 1
Fase I Emisses Legislao camada 2

Motores de "C" classificado so adequados para regies


com camada 2
Estgio Emisses II Legislao.

Camada 3 motores " D classificado so adequados para regies


com camada 3
Stagio III Emisses Legislao.

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Off Road Industriais - Motores nunca limpos
0.50

0.45
Tier 3: 56kW<75
0.40

0.35 1980s
PM 0.30
Tier 3: 75kW<130
Assunto
(g/kWh)
0.25 Particular
0.20
Tier 3: 130kW<560 (PM) 0.6g/kWh
0.15 Tier 4B: 56kW<560
Tier 4A: 56kW<130
Oxidos de
0.10
Tier 4A: 130kW<560 Nitrogenio
0.05
(NOx) 10.00g/kWh
0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6

NOx; NOx + HC (g/kWh)

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Benefcios eletrnico do motor
Sistema de gesto electrnica do motor contribui para :
Melhoria do consumo especfico de combustvel (SFC) atravs do
controle preciso do tempo de injeo e durao.
A proteo da mquina em condies extremas de operao .
Manuteno fcil e de falha de diagnstico , Ferramenta de Servio
Eletrnico , (EST) Excede legislao de emisses e tem um menor nvel
de rudo .
Melhor tempo de ' resposta ' .
Maior confiabilidade , monitoramento e proteo do motor.
Outras economias de custos atravs da integrao no projeto ' Genset '
(CAN) Melhoria torque, diferentes curvas de torque disponveis , torque
' moldar ' Mudanas de rating disponveis, carga de base , Prime ,
standby, 1500/1800
Os arquivos de configurao , d flexibilidade ao cliente , inclinao ,
etc

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Configurao do grfico seletor de potncia

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2306 and 2806 Engine Numbering
F Engine Family, 14.6 litre
Nmero de cilindros
H Engine Family, 15.8 litre
J Engine Family, 18 litre
Pas de fabricao

FGA 06 - 1234 - U - 5678 - K


Nmero de srie
Lista de motor
Grupo
construo Ano de fabricao 03
gerador do
motor
A = TAG 1 (Turbo-Air to air charge cooled-Genset)
B = TAG 2 (Turbo-Air to air charge cooled-Genset)
D = TAG 3 (Turbo-Air to air charge cooled-Genset)

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Classificao do Motor - Definies

Carga Bsica ou Contnuo Uso ilimitado horas , taxa de


ocupao de 100% de carga de base publicada
potncia contnua 10% de sobrecarga disponvel de 1 hora
em 12 Energia disponvel para a plena carga contnua
Poder Prime Uso ilimitado horas , taxa de ocupao de
80% de publicao de potncia primria durante 24
horas 10 % de sobrecarga disponvel de 1 hora em 12
Standby (mximo) Potncia disponvel com carga varivel
, em caso de uma falha na rede de alimentao elctrica ,
at um mximo de 500 horas / ano , dos quais 300 horas
pode ser contnua No permitida sobrecarga e o fator
de carga de 100 %

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2300/2800 Series Engines
Sistema de controle eletrnico Idntico
poder econmico Unidade de Injeo mecanicamente acionado
eletronicamente controlada.
( MEUI ) Optimum turbo-carregar , excelente atomizao do
combustvel ( 30.000 PSI) e de combusto, emisses muito baixas .
Energia confivel Taxas de uso de leo de baixa e de desgaste, altas
taxas de compresso garantir partida rpida limpo.
Amplo suporte Mundo de 4000 Distribuidores .
Corrente Compacto , Eficiente Poder excepcional em relao ao peso ,
tamanho compacto , excelente acesso de servio para facilidade de
manuteno

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2300/2800 - Engine Component Changes
Diferenas fsicas visveis Tamanho do Filtro de ar

Desempenho relacionado
Pistes
Bielas
Forro
Pacote de anis
Virabrequim
Turbina
Ar limpo

Tamanho
Radiador
Refrigerador de carga
Carenagem

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Srie 2800 Sensores de Temperatura e de Presso
Sensor de Temp Arrefecimento Sensor de temp da entrada de ar

Sensor de Presso
da entrada de ar

Sensores de Presso
Atmosfrica e leo do
Sensor de Temp
Motor
Combustvel
Local de Calibrao Probe (Plugado)

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Srie 2800 Sensor de Coneces & Velocidade/Posio
Cam Speed/Position Sensor 110 Volt MEUI Solenoid Feeds

9 Pin Diagnostic
Connector

40 Pin Customer
Connection (J3)

Crank Speed/Position
Sensor
Electronic Control Module
ECM On Engine Connector (J2)

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2306/2806 Product Features
Combined primary and Integral inlet manifold Radial seal
secondary Eco (18 litre horizontal) air filter
Fuel filters element

Fuel transfer Unique wiring


pump harness

Timing ADEM 3 ECM


Calibration With Perkins
Probe access software
hole

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2306/2806 Product Features
Single stage 16 litre
high boost Composite
turbocharger top cover

Air to air
charge
Oil cooler cooler

Ecoplus full Torsional


flow vibration
oil filtration damper

Composite oil pan

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2806 -18 litre Product Features
Twin exhaust Twin
manifolds turbochargers

External oil feed Large output


to the cylinder coolant pump
head

30% larger New oil filler


capacity oil tube
cooler

Aluminium sump

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Rocker Assemblies
Roller Type Rockers

Second oil pressure feed to


cylinder head 18 Litre (external)

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Cylinder Head
Four Valve Mono-Block Cylinder Head

Four
Forged valves
steel per
overhead cylinder
camshaft

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Valve Assemblies

One of three oil


feed drillings

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Valve/Injector Clearance
Establishing Number 1 TDC

Turning
tool

TDC locator

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Valve/Injector Clearance

Valve
screw and locknut
adjuster

Injector adjuster

Injector
trim code

Button and O ring

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Ajustes do Injetor
Ferramenta de ajuste do Injector

Checando o ajuste correto

Salincia do corpo do injetor para


Ajuste da ferramenta.

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Cdigo de 4 Dgitos E-Trim que deve
ser observado em cada injetor e
atualizado na memria do ECM
usando o EST

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Valve/Injector Clearance
With Number 1 Cylinder at TDC compression stroke adjust
Inlet valves 1,2,4
Exh valves 1,3,5 Injectors 3,5,6

With Number 6 Cylinder at TDC compression stroke adjust


Inlet valves 3,5,6
Exh valves 2,4,6 Injectors 1,2,4

Clearances
Inlet valves 0.38mm (0.015in)
Exh Valves 0.76mm (0.030in)
Injectors 78.0mm (3.07in) Tool N CH11149

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Injector Sleeve

A stainless steel sleeve is used in the injector


bore to seal the coolant
The sleeve is sealed using three O rings.
However, combustion gases are sealed by the
injector seating on the metal in the cylinder
head bore.
The O ring seal fitted on the injector nozzle
provides a combustion gas seal until a carbon
dam is formed.

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Injector Sleeve

A line A failed seal


contact seal results in
is attained blow by and a
hot injector

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Injector Sleeve

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Camshaft
Long Overlap Camshaft

Injector lobe Valve lobes

Drive gear
dowel location

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Camshaft

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Camshaft
Thrust Plate and Seal

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Head Gasket/Spacer Plate

Oil seal

Cylinder head gasket

Coolant bobbin

Spacer plate

Oil feed O ring

Shim gasket

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Exhaust Manifold

Air gap

Thermal sleeve

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Cylinder Block
Open Summit Cylinder Block

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Cylinder Liners
Induction Hardened Liners

Oil soaked filler band

Rubber O rings
(2806)

2306 three lower liner O ring seals are all identical in size

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Cylinder Liners
Protrusion

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Pistons
2306 Gallery Cooled Articulated Piston

Oil cooling spray cutaways

Oil cooling gallery

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Pistons
2806-16 Articulated Piston

Cooling oil reservoir

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Piston/Con-Rod Assembly

Tightening con-rod bolts

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Pistons
2806-18 Piston

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Pistons/Con-Rod Assembly
2806-18 Piston

Big end cap secured by Oil supply to small end


four bolts bearing

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Piston Cooling Jets

Piston cooling jet


alignment tool
Part Number GE50004

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Piston Cooling Jets
2806-18

Piston

Connecting rod

Entry to cooling
gallery

Piston cooling jet


pipe assembly

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Crankshaft
Thrust washer position

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Crankshaft
2806-18

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Crankshaft

Grooved main bearing


fitted to block

180 thrust washers


fitted to block

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Block Stiffener Plates

2300 Series

2800 Series 16 litre

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Torsional Damper
Hasse and Wrede Damper
1. Housing
2. Casing
3. Inertia Ring (mass)
4. Bearings
5. Silicone Fluid

Block Stiffener Plate


2800 18 litre

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Timing Gears
Coolant pump Pendulum
drive gear camshaft gear
position

Adjustable
Compound idler gear
gear
assembly

Idler gear

Crankshaft gear
Fuel transfer
Oil pump gear pump
position

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Timing Gears Timing case
Pendulum Camshaft Gear

Rotating
balance
weights

Alignment
marks
Locating
dowel

Timing gear

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Timing Gears
Checking Gear Backlash

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Crankshaft Seals
Seal Removal/Fitting
Gear case-split protection ring Crankshaft Seals
Oil Seal and Wear Sleeve
Wear sleeve crimp tool

Must be fitted as assembly


Must not be separated
Must be fitted dry

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Crankshaft Seals

Blue seal (rear) Green seal (front)

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Induction System
2809-18

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Induction System
Air Filter Type Single medium duty paper element
Max Air Inlet Temp 60C (140F)
Initial Restriction 2.5kPa
(inlet depression new)
Maximum Inlet Depression 6.2Kpa
(with dirty filter)
Max Pressure Drop 14Kpa (2.03 psi)
(across charge cooler)
Maximum Charge Air Temp 260C (500F)
at high (ambient conditions)
Turbo Charger 2306 Allied Signal GT 50
2806 Borge Warner S 500 2806-18 twin Borge Warner S310

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Induction System
Radial Seal Filters

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Induction System
Turbochargers

Single stage high boost turbochargers


No oil priming required

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Induction System
2806-18 Turbochargers

Rear turbocharger Forward turbocharger


Exhaust gas outlet

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Induction System
Air Charge Cooling/Radiator

C
A O
O
I L
R A
N
T

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Induction System
2806-18
Air charge
Coolant cooling / radiator
Turbo boost air

Boost air

Coolant

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Induction System

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Fuel System
EUI Location

Trim code,
Below barcode

Put lever here


to remove Injector

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Injeo MEUI

Mechanically Actuated (Mecnicamente atuado)


Electronically Controlled (Controlado Eletrnicamente)
Unit (Unidade)
Injector (Injetor)

Mecnicamente atuado pelo cabeote.


Injeo controlada por Solenide 110 Volt DC. 110 Volt Solenide
Ambos, o tempo que a Solenide est energizada e o tempo de
energizao, so controlados pelo Mdulo de Controle Eletrnico (ECM)

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Vlvula Solenide (Poppet) Des-
Energizada/Energizada
Off On

+ +
(110v) (110v)
Supply Supply
- -
Fluxo Sem fluxo

110v (on) 110v (on)

0v (off) 0v (off)
Tempo Tempo

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Injetor MEUI
Atuao mecnica
110v dc injetor solenoide

Vlvula Poppet
fechada quando
energizada

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Injetor MEUI

O Anis

Vlvula Poppet des-energizada


Cmara de
combustvel

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Filtrao

1 Micron = 0.00004

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Worn MEUI Injector Poppet Valves

O Rings

Wear on seat, caused by dirty fuel. Primary


Filter 10 microns, Secondary, 2 microns
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Injetor / Grampo de segurana

O Anel lacre

Nota: Do not reuse seals .


Tempo de vida do Injetor 10,000 horas
6 furos x 0.280 dimetro do furo x 130 graus ngulo cone
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Ajustes do Injetor
Ferramenta de ajuste do Injector

Checando o ajuste correto

Ledge machined on injector body

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Cdigo de 4 Dgitos E-Trim que deve
ser observado em cada injetor e
atualizado na memria do ECM
usando o EST

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MEUI Injector Location

Injector trim code

Injector trim code

Fuel chamber
Intake
Extended life manifold
Torque setting on solenoid
coolant
Screws 2.5 Nm (22 lb in)

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Fiao do Solenide Injetor MEUI
ECM

5 J 2 /4 4 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 1 & 2
7 J 2 /4 5 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 3 & 4
6 J 2 /4 6 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 5 & 6
10 J 2 /5 5 In je c to r C y lin d er 6
3 J 2 /5 4 In je c to r C y lin d er 5
11 J 2 /3 9 In je c to r C y lin d er 4
2 J 2 /3 8 In je c to r C y lin d er 3
12 J 2 /3 7 In je c to r C y lin d er 2
1 J 2 /3 6 In je c to r C y lin d er 1
I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r J300 P 300
C yl 1 C yl 2 C yl 3 C yl 4 C yl 5 C yl 6

A tm o s p h e r ic P r e s s u r e S e n s o r

+5V A J 2 /2 + 5 V D C S u p p ly
S ig n a l C J 2 /1 4 A tm o s p h e r ic P r e s s u r e
R e tu rn B J 2 /3 A n a lo g u e R e tu rn
All Fed From J2 on The ECM
P203 J203
T u r b o O u tle t P r e s s u re S e n s o r

+5V A
S ig n a l C J 2 /4 0 T u r b o O u tle t P r e s s u r e
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P200 J200
Fuel System
Injector Seals

O ring seals

Sacrificial
compression O ring

6 hole
injector nozzle

Do not re-use seals

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Fuel System
Low Pressure Fuel System

Priming pump

Venting points
Fuel return

Secondary filter
Transfer pump Fuel supply Primary filter

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Fuel System
Fuel Cooler/Return

Flow =413 litres/h at 1500

Flow =457 litres/h at 1800

Return flow dependant on


engine load Thermostat.

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Fuel System Fuel System
Fuel Transfer Pump Ecoplus Fuel Filtration

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Fuel System
Ecoplus Fuel Filtration Identification

Oil
Fuel Secondary Fuel primary

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Fuel System
Ecoplus Fuel Filtration
Supply to head

From Temp sensor


transfer
pump
To
transfer
pump
Hand
primer
From
By-pass
Tank
valve

Return from
head

Return to Pressure Air vent


cooler Relief
Valve

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Fuel System
Non-return/PRV

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Lubrication System
Type Wet sump - full flow
system
Oil pump Gear driven - with PRV
Capacity - total system 68 litres
Sump maximum 60 litres
Sump minimum 45 litres
Lube oil temp - normal (sump) 95C
Lube oil temp - maximum 113C
Lube oil pressure - rated speed 2.7-6 bar (40-88psi)
Lube oil pressure - min rated speed 2 bar (30psi)
Oil pressure relief valve opening pressure 6.1 bar (88psi)

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Lubrication System
Composite High Capacity Sump

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Lubrication System
Oil Pump

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Lubrication System
Ecoplus Oil Filtration

Sampling
point O/P switch

Filter by-pass Cooler by-pass


valve valve

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Lubrication System
2806-18

Oil cooler
assembly

Re-positioned
oil filler
tube

Re-designed
Oil filter
head

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Cooling System

Capacity of engine 20.8 Litres


Capacity of complete system 50 Litres
Pressure cap setting 70kPa (0.7 Bar) (10psi)
Thermostat operating range Starts 88C. Fully open 98C
Coolant pump Gear driven, centrifugal type
Radiator Aluminium core, composite tanks
Fan Plastic, 8 blade, pusher type.
Maximum temperature. Top tank - 103C
Recommended Coolant. 50% extended life coolant,
50% de-ionised clean water.
Coolant Life 3,000 hours or six years - max

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Cooling System
Air Charge Cooling/Radiator

Composite top and bottom radiator tanks

ELC coolant to be used at all times

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Cooling System
Thermostat Housing

Thermostat

Flow to radiator

Thermostat seal

By-pass
return to
coolant pump

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23/25/2800 Series
Temperature and Pressure Sensors

Coolant
Temp Sensor Inlet Manifold
Air Temp Sensor

Inlet Manifold
Air Pressure
sensor

Engine Oil and


Fuel Temp Sensor Atmospheric
Pressure Sensors
Location of Calibration Probe (Plugged)

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23/2800 Series
Connections and Speed/Position Sensors
110 Volt MEUI Solenoid Feeds
Cam Speed/
Position Sensor

9 Pin
Diagnostic
Connector

40 Pin Customer
Crank Connection (J3)
Speed/Position
Sensor
Electronic Control
Module
ECM On Engine Connector (J2)

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23/25/2800 Series Electrical System
Internal Injector Harness

Jack 2 (J2)

Jack 1 (J1)

Crank Speed/Timing
36-1 TOOTH
CRANK
GEAR
Coolant Temperature Sensor
Cam Speed/Timing
Fuel Temperature Sensor
36+1 TOOTH
CAM GEAR

Inlet Manifold Sensor

Inlet Manifold Sensor Atmospheric Pressure Sensor

Engine Oil Pressure Calibration Probe

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Mdulo de Controle Eletrnico
(ECM)

Dentro do ECM est um sistema que controla:

Governador de Velocidade
Proporo (ratio) Ar/Combustvel
Sequncia Start/Stop
Orientao para Proteo do Motor e Diagnsticos
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Basic System A3-ECM Interactions

Entradas Controle Sadas


Ajuste digital de
Tenso para operar
velocidade
PROCESSADOR lmpadas de diagnstico
Ajuste analgico de
velocidade Cables/ Cables/
e pr em marcha
PWM ajuste de Connectors Connectors rescindir rel 5 volts + 8
velocidade volts
MEMRIA Fontes de alimentao
Botes / interruptores
ERRO RESET , injeo (Mecanismo Pulso 110 Volt DC para
Cables/ Cables/
desativar , inferior / Programa ) fonte de Injetores sada digital
Connectors Connectors
raise digital de alimentao para 5 para controle de
velocidade , etc, volts 6,5 volts e 8 velocidade
ECM power supply, volts
24 v

PDL CAN J 1939


Controle do
motor
Ferramenta J 1939
Eletronica Leitura de
servio cdigos de
falhas

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Mdulo de Controle Eletrnico da Srie 2800

Jack 2 (J2) Todos os


componentes montados no
motor.

Jack 1 (J1) Interface com o


Cliente, fornecimento de
energia etc

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Aterramento do ECM

Aterramento
Certifique-se sempre que o fio-terra do ECM
est conectado com o bloco do motor para
evitar Interferncia Eletromagntica EMI, que
pode afetar o circuito interno do ECM.

IMPORTANTE!
Sempre ao manusear equipamentos de soldagem ou
pintura eletrosttica, cuidados especiais devero ser
seguidos.

(Estes cuidados esto listados nos Manuais de Instalao Perkins Srie 2800,
Mecnico e Eletrnico)
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23/2800 Series ECM: Mensagens Essenciais

Alta confiabilidade.
Conectores externos mais vunerveis: jacks,J1,J2
dobrados, torcidos nas conexes do ECM etc.
Sem fusveis internos ou peas serviveis.
Nunca substitua um ECM sem antes conectar a
Ferramenta de Servio Eletrnico (EST) e proceder com a
checagem dos diagnsticos bsicos.
O ECM o LTIMO componente que voc deve suspeitar.

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ECM

5 J 2 /4 4 In je c t o r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 1 & 2
7 J 2 /4 5 In je c t o r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 3 & 4
6 J 2 /4 6 In je c t o r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 5 & 6
10 J 2 /5 5 In je c t o r C y lin d er 6

Fiao do Chicote
3 J 2 /5 4 In je c t o r C y lin d er 5
11 J 2 /3 9 In je c t o r C y lin d er 4
2 J 2 /3 8 In je c t o r C y lin d er 3
12 J 2 /3 7 In je c t o r C y lin d er 2
1 J 2 /3 6 In je c t o r C y lin d er 1
I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c to r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r J300 P300

No Motor
C yl 1 C yl 2 C yl 3 C yl 4 C yl 5 C yl 6

A tm o s p h e ric P re s s u re S e n s o r

+5V A J 2 /2 + 5 V D C S u p p ly
S ig n a l C J 2 /1 4 A tm o s p h e r ic P r e s s u r e
R e tu r n B J 2 /3 A n a lo g u e R e tu r n

P203 J203
T u r b o O u tle t P r e s s u r e S e n s o r

+5V A
S ig n a l C J 2 /4 0 T u rb o O u tle t P r e s s u re
R e tu r n B

All fed from Jack 2 (J2) on the ECM O il P r e s s u r e S e n s o r


P200 J200

+5V A
S ig n a l C J 2 /2 4 O il P re s s u re
R e tu r n B

P201 J201

C o o la n t T e m p e ra tu re S e n s o r

S ig n a l C J 2 /3 2 C o o la n t T e m p e ra tu re
R e tu r n B

J100 P 100

F u e l T e m p e ra tu re S e n s o r

S ig n a l C J 2 /3 3 F u e l T e m p e ra tu re
R e tu rn B

J105 P 105

In le t A ir T e m p e r a tu r e S e n s o r

S ig n a l C J 2 /3 5 In le t A ir T e m p e ra tu r e
R e tu rn B J 2 /1 8 R e tu rn

J103 P 103
C ra n k s h a ft P o s itio n S e n s o r

S ig n a l 2 J 2 /4 8 C r a n k S p e e d T im in g +
R e tu rn 1 J 2 /4 9 C r a n k S p e e d T im in g -
J401 P 401
C a m s h a ft P o s itio n S e n s o r

S ig n a l 2 J 2 /5 8 C a m S p e e d tim in g +
R e tu rn 1 J 2 /5 9 C a m s p e e d tim in g -
J402 P 402
C a lib r a tio n P r o b e

S ig n a l 1 J 2 /2 2 C a lib r a tio n P ro b e +
R e tu rn 2 J 2 /2 3 C a lib r a tio n P ro b e -
J400 P400

P 2 J2

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Diagrama unidades injetoras
ECM

5 J 2 /4 4 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 1 & 2
7 J 2 /4 5 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 3 & 4
6 J 2 /4 6 In je c to r C om m o n C y lin d e r s 5 & 6
10 J 2 /5 5 In je c to r C y lin d er 6
3 J 2 /5 4 In je c to r C y lin d er 5
11 J 2 /3 9 In je c to r C y lin d er 4
2 J 2 /3 8 In je c to r C y lin d er 3
12 J 2 /3 7 In je c to r C y lin d er 2
1 J 2 /3 6 In je c to r C y lin d er 1
I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r I n je c t o r J300 P 300
C yl 1 C yl 2 C yl 3 C yl 4 C yl 5 C yl 6

A tm o s p h e r ic P r e s s u r e S e n s o r

+5V A J 2 /2 + 5 V D C S u p p ly
S ig n a l C J 2 /1 4 A tm o s p h e r ic P r e s s u r e
R e tu rn B J 2 /3 A n a lo g u e R e tu r n

P 203 J203
T u r b o O u tle t P r e s s u re S e n s o r

+5V A
S ig n a l C J 2 /4 0 T u r b o O u tle t P r e s s u r e
R e tu rn B
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P 200 J200
Fiao do Chicote do Motor

Todos os conectores esto identificados para


garantir uma orientao correta.
Os lacres no requerem qualquer lubrificante.
Tradicionalmente, se o problema Eltrico,
fiao / conectores so as causas mais
provveis.
Curtos / Circuitos abertos / Coneces de alta
resistncia, podem ser causadas pela
combinao de corroso / abraso / queima /
vibrao / fadiga e ingesto de lquido.
Assegure-se que os lacres esto posicionados
corretamente. Blanking plugs must be fitted on
any unused pins, to prevent any liquid ingress .
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Sistema Eltrico Srie 2300 / 2800
Chicote dos Injetores Internos

Jack 2 (J2)

Jack 1 (J1)

Crank Speed/Timing
36-1 TOOTH
CRANK
GEAR
Sensor de Temp. do Arrefecimento

Cam Speed/Timing Sensor de Temp. do Combustvel


36+1 TOOTH
CAM GEAR

Inlet Manifold Sensor

Inlet Manifold Sensor Sensor de Presso Atmosfrica

Presso do leo Motor Calibration Probe

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Conectores / Lembrete:
Sempre use conectores de alta qualidade (ouro /
niquelado )
Mantenha o mnimo de conexes
Certifique-se de todas as vedaes de borracha foram
encaixados corretamente Lembre-se ...

Conexes ruins causar resistncia !

Resistncia queda de tenso

A falta de um selo de borracha


causou este defeito a um ECM

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Efeitos de M (Alta Resistncia) Conexes
Plug Jack

24v dc Possveis M Coneces Lamp 24v dc

Tem o mesmo efeito como.Resistncias no circuito

1 volt 2 volt

24v dc Resistores Lamp 20v dc

0 volt 1 volt
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Some Typical Connections - ECM
Inputs Outputs
CONTROL
ECM Shutdown
Analogue
Speed Adjust
Crank Terminate

Injection Disabled
Diagnostics

Ignition Key Switch


+ 5 volt to
Sensors
-
+ - +
ECM Power Supply, -
24 v
Power Supply,
Communications Adapter 24 v
+ -
24 v J1939 PDL

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23/2800 Series ECM Jack Connections

J2 (Jack 2) J1 (Jack 1)
On Engine Mounted Components Customer Side

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ECM Grounding

Problemas com aterramento


Sempre observar se o motor est bem aterrado.
O ECM conectado ao bloco do motor , atravs do " tag '
para evitar EMI , interferncia eletromagntica, que afeta
os interiores dos circuitos eletrnicos da ECM .
Aviso! Ao proceder a soldagem ou a pulverizao
eletrosttica de pintura , precaues especiais devem ser
sempre seguidas .
Estes so listados no manual Perkins mecnica e manual
de instalao eletrnica . TSL 4262 , e TSL 4247 .

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Electronic Control Module
Tenso nominal de alimentao da bateria 18-32 volts ( Max 48 para
2 minutos) Aproximadamente 2 - 6 ampres em aplicao tpica 10-
15 mA no modo ' sleep ' ( ignio desligada poder / ECM on)
Reabilitao rpida.
Conectores externos mais vulnerveis : ' macacos ' dobrados , J1, J2
plugs ECM apertados etc.
No h fusveis internos ou peas reparveis.
Nunca substituir um ECM sem primeiro ligar Ferramenta de Servio
Eletrnico ( EST ) e realizao de diagnsticos bsicos .
O ECM o ltimo componente que se deve suspeitar.

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R a is e S p e e d O
J 1 /1 8 D ig it a l G r o u n d
O J 1 /6 7 U n s w itc h e d B a tte ry N e g a tiv e
B
G ro u n d J 1 /5 G ro u n d

2300/2800 Series ECM Power Supplies


To PW M B
S p e e d C o n tro l PW M J 1 /6 6 P W M In p u t
W
+8V J 1 /4 +8V
R
680R B
5 K A n a lo g u e J 1 /3 A n a lo g u e G r o u n d
+ to Diagnostics Lamps
S p e e d S e ttin g B
P o te n tio m e te r o r J 1 /1 7 A n a lo g u e S p e e d In p u t
- to Diagnostics Lamps In p u t fro m L o a d W
S h a r e r /S y n c h r o n is e r J 1 /2 +5V
680R R
J 1 /6 1 U n s w itc h e d B a tte ry N e g a tiv e
B
C h a r g in g
A lte r n a to r J 1 /6 3 U n s w itc h e d B a tte ry N e g a tiv e M a in
B B a tte ry
GRD PO S J 1 /6 5 U n s w itc h e d B a tte ry N e g a tiv e Feed
E m e rg e n c y B ( D ir e c t
S to p B u tto n J 1 /4 8 U n s w itc h e d B a t te r y P o s it iv e fro m
R s ta rte r/
J 1 /5 2 U n s w itc h e d B a t te r y P o s it iv e b a tte ry )
R
J 1 /5 3 U n s w itc h e d B a t te r y P o s it iv e
O ff R
J 1 /7 0 S w itc h e d B a tte r y P o s itiv e
Key O n Y
S w itc h
J 1 /5 0 J 1 9 3 9 D a t a L in k +
C ir c u it Y
B re a k e r (1 6 A ) J 1 9 3 9 D a t a L in k -
J 1 /3 4
G
J 1 /4 2 J 1 9 3 9 S c re e n
S ta rt B u tto n
S ta rte r J 1 /8 P e r k in s D a ta L in k +
M o to r G
J 1 /9 P e r k in s D a ta L in k -
N
J 1 /5 5 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s itiv e P ower
R S u p p ly to

B J 1 /6 9 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e S e r v ic e
T ool
- + P1 J1
B a tte ry
9 P in P e r k in s D a ta
24V DC J H C G F D E A B L in k C o n n e c t o r

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Minimum J1 Connections, to run a
23/2800 Series
Control
ECM

Note
Injection Disabled We do suggest that
a connection is made to the
Perkins Electronic Service Tool
(EST) to allow communication
With Perkins Data Link (PDL)
Ignition Key Switch
What are the Jack connection
numbers?

+ -
ECM Power Supply,
24 v

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Ignition Circuit
Ignition Key Switch
This switch may be used for a controlled engine stop. The ignition
switch does not switch off power to the ECM. The ECM remains
connected to the battery via a fuse/circuit breaker, even when the
ignition is switched off. Can also be used to reset faults. The
Electronic Service Tool (EST) cannot communicate with the ECM when
the Ignition switch is off.
Injection Disabled
If you want to stop the engine, use the Injection Disabled. This
allows communication with the service tool (EST) to continue.
Emergency Shut-down
This button, interrupts the main battery power supply to the ECM and
stops the engine. Not Recommended, Dont forget the ECM is a
computer, you do not just chop off the power.

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23/25/2800 Series Engine Mounted Sensors

Engine coolant temperature.


Inlet manifold air temperature.
Fuel temperature.
Inlet manifold air pressure.
Atmospheric/crankcase pressure.
Engine oil pressure.
Camshaft/crankshaft speed/timing.

Calibration probe (only in special circumstances)

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2300/2800 Series Temperature Sensors

Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor

32 Signal Voltage

ECM
Fuel Temperature Sensor
33 Signal Voltage

Inlet Air Temperature Sensor


35 Signal Voltage

18 0 Volts

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23/2800 Series Temperature Sensor Operation

ECM
5 Volts

R
Temperature Sensor

Signal

18
Ground 0 Volts

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Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor
EST Code 110

Temperature can be viewed Coolant Temperature


Sensor
through the ECM in C/F via:
J1939 CAN link
Perkins Data Link (PDL)
The sensor enables the cold
start strategy
Also enables the calculation of
the fuel limit and engine timing
Engine protection, Warning,
Action Alert and Shutdown.

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Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor
EST Code 110 (Typical Temperature Sensor graph)

110-3 Signal shorted to a higher voltage or open circuit (voltage over 4.8)
4.8

Very cold Temp


Volts

Warning Temp 361 (1)

Action Alert Temp 361 (2)

Shutdown Temp 361 (3)

0.2
110-4 Signal shorted to a lower voltage (voltage under 0.2)

Temperature

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Manifold Air Inlet Temperature Sensor
EST Code 174
Temperature can be viewed Manifold Air Inlet
through the ECM in C/F via: Sensor
J1939 CAN link.
Perkins Data Link (PDL)

The sensor enables the cold


start strategy.
Also enables the calculation of
the fuel limit and engine timing
Engine protection, warning and
Action Alert.
High inlet air temperatures lead to high
exhaust temperatures, which can cause
damage to exhaust system components
(such as turbochargers and exhaust valves)

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Engine Fuel Temperature Sensor
EST Code 174

Fuel Temperature
Higher Temperature lower mass Sensor
Lower Temperature greater mass
Temperature can be viewed through
the ECM in C/F via:
J1939 CAN link
Perkins Data Link (PDL)
Also enables the calculation of the
fuel limit and engine timing.
Protection, Warning and Action Alert.

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Temperature Sensor Feeds, Harness Voltages

1 2 Voltage between 1 and 2

Fuel Temperature Sensor


Coolant Temperature Sensor Wiring harness plug connections
Intake Manifold Temperature Sensor
(check the harness to ECM)

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2300/2800 Series Sensors
Different Fault Codes and How they could be Created

Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor

32

3
Intake Manifold Temperature Sensor
Break 33

ECM Jack 2
2
1 2
Fuel Temperature Sensor
35

18
Fault 1.
Fault 2.
Fault 3.

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2300/2800 Series Pressure Sensors

Atmospheric/Crankcase Pressure Sensor

2 5 Volts
14 Signal Voltage
3 0 Volts
Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor

40 Signal Voltage

Engine Oil Pressure Sensor

24 Signal Voltage

ECM J2

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23/25/2800 Series Pressure Sensor Operation

6.5 Volts

R
Pressure Sensor
5 Volt
2

3
0 Volts
Sensor Fly Lead Main Engine Harness

ECM J2

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Inlet Manifold Air Pressure Sensor
EST Code 273 - (Code also known as Turbo Boost!)
Inlet Manifold Air
Pressure can be viewed in PSI and Kpa Pressure Sensor
through the ECM via:
J1939 CAN link
Perkins Data Link (PDL)
Used to determine mass air flow
Enables the calculation of the correct
air/fuel ratio
Used for smoke limiting strategy
Range 52 Kpa Abs. 472 Kpa Abs
Protection- Warning and Action Alert.

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Inlet Manifold Air Pressure Values
2800 Kpa Gauge
1800 rpm
Full load 295 Inlet Manifold Air
1/2 Load 126 Pressure Sensor
1500 rpm
Full Load 249 263 Half TA Luft
1/2 Load 94 95

2300 Kpa Gauge


1800 rpm
Full load 205
1/2 Load 119
1500 rpm
Full Load 195 234 Half TA Luft
1/2 Load 71 71

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Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
EST Code 100
Engine Oil Pressure
Sensor
Pressure can be viewed in PSI and
Kpa through the ECM via:
J1939 CAN link
Perkins Data Link (PDL)
Protection,Warning,Action Alert
Protection mapped
Range 106 Kpa to 1135 Kpa

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Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
EST Code 100 (Typical Pressure Sensor graph)
100-3 Shorted to a higher voltage or open circuit (over 4.8 volts)
4.8
Volts

Warning Pressure E360-1

Action Alert Oil Pressure E360-3


0.2
100-4 Signal shorted to a lower voltage (less than 0.2 volts)

Pressure

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Atmospheric (Crankcase) Pressure Sensor
EST Code 274
Pressure can be viewed in PSI and Atmospheric
Kpa, absolute through the ECM Pressure Sensor

via:
J1939 CAN link.
Perkins Data Link (PDL)
Used to calibrate the Inlet Air and
Oil Pressure Sensors.
With Critical Override active, if the
sensor fails the engine will Derate
by 10%.
Range 40 Kpa A to 116 Kpa A

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2800 Series De-rate Information
The 2306 / 2806 series engine electronic control, does not
automatically de-rate at high altitudes or high ambient
temperatures
The de-rate information for this
engine can be obtained from
Perkins Engines
Applications Department
These de-rate limits must
be adhered to or severe
engine damage may result

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Pressure Sensor Feeds, Harness Voltages

C
Voltage between A and B
Voltage between B and C
Voltage between A and C
B A

Atmospheric/Crankcase Pressure Sensor (DT06-3S)


Oil Pressure Sensor (DT06-3S)
Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor (DT06-3S)

Wiring Harness Plug Connections,


(Checks the harness to ECM)

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2300/2800 Series Sensors
Different Fault Codes and How they could be Created
Atmospheric/Crankcase Pressure Sensor

1 2 5 Volts
14 Signal Voltage
3 0 Volts
Intake Manifold Air Pressure Sensor

40 Signal Voltage
2
Engine Oil Pressure Sensor

24 Signal Voltage
3
ECM J2
Fault 1.

Fault 2.
Fault 3.

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Crankshaft Speed/Position Sensor
EST Code 190

Crankshaft Gear 36 - 1 tooth

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Sensor Posio de Velocidade
da rvore de cames
EST Code 342 (Velocidade e tempo Sensor 2)

Engrenagem rvore cames 36 + 1 tooth

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Checking Speed/Position Sensors

1 2 Crankshaft Sensor Resistance


between 1 and 2

Crankshaft Speed/Position
Sensor fly lead Camshaft Sensor Resistance
between 1 and 2

1 2

Run Engine and Measure output


AC Voltage or Frequency from
Camshaft Speed/Position
Sensor fly lead each Sensor - one at a time

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Additional Sensors/Senders
Coolant Level switch

Coolant temperature sender


CV18338/5 and adapter OE51375

Speed Sensor
CV18338 and Harness
CV18965
Oil pressure sender
CV18339/3 and adapter 3Y-2888

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Additional Engine Sensors/Senders

Temperature
Switch

Oil Pressure
Coolant Level sensor
Switch

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M a c h in e W ir in g S c h e m a t ic , A ll O p t io n s
T h is W ir in g S u p p lie d B y O E M

2800 Wiring Diagram


C r a n k T e r m in a te ECM
N o te s : ( E n g in e R u n n in g
S ig n a l)
O u tp u ts m a y b e u s e d to T J 1 /1 3 C r a n k T e r m in a te O u t p u t
d r iv e la m p s o r r e la y s . C K
C r a n k T e r m in a t e s h o u l d b e
a r e l a y u s e d t o d is c o n n e c t S h u td o w n
th e s ta r te r m o to r in O E M
p a n e l s ta r t c ir c u it. ( E C M la tc h e d o u t )
J 1 /1 0 S h u td o w n la m p O u tp u t
G
D ia g n o s tic la m p lig h ts
w h e n a c tiv e s y s te m fa u lt A c tio n A le r t
r e g is te r e d A c tio n A le r t L a m p O u t p u t
J 1 /1 9
F o r f u ll d e ta ils o f in p u ts /
o u tp u ts , r e fe r to
U
In s ta lla t io n M a n u a l
W a r n in g
J 1 /2 0 W a r n in g L a m p O u t p u t
P

Customer side (Jack 1)


D ia g n o s t ic s
J 1 /3 1 D ia g n o s tic s L a m p O u t p u t
K
L o w O il P r e s s u r e
J 1 /2 8 O il P r e s s u r e L a m p O u t p u t
O

Outputs - may be used to drive lamps or


H ig h C o o la n t T e m p

N
J 1 /2 9 C o o la n t T e m p e r a tu r e L a m p O u tp u t

O v e rsp e e d

relays. (0.3 A, 1.0 A and 1.5 A)


J 1 /3 0 O v e rs p e e d L a m p O u tp u t
A
O ff - D is a b le d - S to p
J 1 /6 2 In je c tio n D is a b le
I n je c t i o n D i s a b l e O n - E n a b le d - R u n U
O ff

Crank terminate should be a relay to


J 1 /6 4 S h u td o w n E m e r g e n c y O v e r r id e

C r itic a l O v e r r id e O n
( D is a b le s O il & W a te r s h u td o w n s K
w hen on)
1500
J 1 /5 6 1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 r p m S e le c t
N

monitor starter motor in the OEM panel


1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 1 8 0 0
r p m S e le c t Is o c h
J 1 /4 6 D ro o p /Is o c h ro n o u s
D ro o p / D ro o p A
Is o c h ro n o u s
J 1 /4 1 F a u lt R e s e t
F a u lt R e s e t Y

Diagnostic lamp, lights when active fault


E n a b le
J 1 /4 9 D i g it a l S p e e d C o n t r o l E n a b l e
D ig ita l S p e e d C o n tr o l D is a b le G

code registered, or any of the outputs are


D ig ita l J 1 /5 9 Low er Speed
Speed P
C o n tr o l Low er S peed

J 1 /7 R a is e S p e e d
R a is e S p e e d O

disconnected/open circuit
J 1 /1 8 D ig ita l G r o u n d
O J 1 /6 7 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e
B
G ro u n d J 1 /5 G ro u n d
To PW M B
S p e e d C o n tro l PW M J 1 /6 6 P W M In p u t
W

Inputs - injection disable, RPM select,


+8V J 1 /4 +8V
R
5 K A n a lo g u e
680R B
J 1 /3 A n a lo g u e G r o u n d
B

digital speed control, raise/lower,


S p e e d S e ttin g
P o t e n t io m e t e r o r J 1 /1 7 A n a lo g u e S p e e d In p u t
In p u t fro m L o a d W
S h a r e r /S y n c h r o n is e r J 1 /2 +5V
680R R

droop/isochronous, etc
J 1 /6 1 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e
B
C h a r g in g
A lte r n a to r J 1 /6 3 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e M a in
B B a tte r y
G RD PO S J 1 /6 5 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e Feed
E m e rg e n c y B ( D ir e c t
S to p B u tto n J 1 /4 8 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e

For full details of inputs and outputs refer


fro m
R s ta rte r/

R
J 1 /5 2
J 1 /5 3
U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e
U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e
b a tte ry )

to the installation manual


O ff
J 1 /7 0 S w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e
Key O n
S w itc h
Y
J 1 /5 0 J 1 9 3 9 D a t a L in k +
C ir c u it Y
B re a k e r (1 6 A ) J 1 9 3 9 D a ta L in k -
J 1 /3 4
G

(2800,TSL 4262. 2300, TSL 4267)


J 1 /4 2 J 1 9 3 9 S c re e n
S ta rt B u tto n
S ta rte r J 1 /8 P e r k in s D a t a L in k +
M o to r G
J 1 /9 P e r k in s D a t a L in k -

This drawing for indication only!


N
J 1 /5 5 U n s w itc h e d B a tte r y P o s itiv e P ower
R S u p p ly to

B J 1 /6 9 U n s w itc h e d B a t te r y N e g a t iv e S e r v ic e
T ool
- + P 1 J1
B a tte ry
9 P in P e r k in s D a ta
24V DC J H C G F D E A B L in k C o n n e c t o r

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Gen-Set Desired Engine Speed/Load Control

The software in the ECM provides the flexibility to


cater for Four types of control.

Digital Control Typical Pressure Sensor


Pulse Width Modulated
Analogue Control
CAN J1939 Control

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Digital Speed/Load Control
Enables speed control by digital load-sharing and
synchronizing equipment
The Engine can interface directly with manual
synchronizing selector switches, relays or push buttons
When the ECM is working on Digital Speed Control
there are three inputs that can be used.
Digital Speed Control Enable
Digital Speed Control Ramp Rate
Digital Speed Control Raise/Lower

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D ia g n o s tic s
J 1 /3 1 D ia g n o s t ic s L a m p O u t p u t
K
L o w O il P r e s s u r e

Digital Speed/Load Control


O
J 1 /2 8 O il P r e s s u r e L a m p O u t p u t

H ig h C o o la n t T e m p
J 1 /2 9 C o o la n t T e m p e r a tu r e L a m p O u tp u t
N
Digital speed control (enable/disable) O v e rs p e e d
O v e rs p e e d L a m p O u tp u t
J 1 /3 0
A
Lower speed (pushbutton/relay contact) O ff - D is a b le d - S to p
In je c t io n D is a b le
O n - E n a b le d - R u n
J 1 /6 2
I n je c t i o n D i s a b l e U
Raise speed (pushbutton/relay contact) O ff
S h u td o w n E m e r g e n c y O v e r r id e
C r itic a l O v e r r id e O n J 1 /6 4
K
Digital speed control ramp rate, (default 10 rpm/sec)
( D is a b le s O il & W a te r s h u td o w n s
when on)
1500
J 1 /5 6 1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 r p m S e le c t
This can be adjusted via the Electronic Service Tool
1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 1 8 0 0 N
r p m S e le c t Is o c h
J 1 /4 6 D ro o p /Is o c h ro n o u s
D ro o p / D ro o p A
Speed adjustment ranges +150 150
J 1 /4 1
rpm Is o c h ro n o u s
F a u lt R e s e t
F a u lt R e s e t Y
E n a b le
J 1 /4 9 D ig ita l S p e e d C o n tr o l E n a b le
D ig ita l S p e e d C o n tr o l D is a b le G
D ig ita l J 1 /5 9 Lower Speed
Speed P
C o n tro l Lower Speed

J 1 /7 R a is e S p e e d
R a is e S p e e d O
J 1 /1 8 D ig it a l G r o u n d
O J 1 /6 7 U n s w itc h e d B a t te r y N e g a tiv e
B
G ro u n d J 1 /5 G ro u n d
To PW M B
S p e e d C o n tro l PW M J 1 /6 6 P W M In p u t
W
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+8V Perkins Confidential Green J 1 /4 +8V
R
2300/2800 Series PWM Speed Control
Intended for use with a customers load-sharing unit
The PWM signal 500 Hz, duty cycle 10-90%
Speed adjustment 24% to +8% (0% is rated speed)
For 50 Hz 1141 to 1621 rpm
Typical Pressure Sensor
For 60 Hz 1369 to 1945 rpm
Note for Calibration:
If the PWM input is selected on the configuration screen but not connected
on the OEMs side, the ECM will default the speed to 1100,
(and log a diagnostic code 91-8)

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2300/2800 Series Analogue Speed Control
Speed adjustment 10% to +10% (0% is rated speed)
For 50 Hz 1350 to 1650 rpm
For 60 Hz 1620 to 1980 rpm
Note for Calibration:
Typical Pressure Sensor
If the Analogue input is selected on the configuration screen but not
connected on the OEMs side, the ECM will default the speed to 1100,
(and log a diagnostic code 1690-8)

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2300/2800 Series Analogue Speed
Adjustments
1500/1800 RPM

Resistive track 4.5V


Fault Region

potentiometer
Provide linear voltage

Voltage o/p

output (0.5v to 4.5v)


Two series resistors
keep voltage away
from fault region 0.5V Fault Region

-10% +10%
Rated Speed

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Engine Speed/Ratings Selection
Engine Rating,Duties,Speed can be set within limits set by the torque maps
The rating of the Engine is selectable via the EST in Configuration
The Function will be selected at the time of manufacture or in service via the Electronic
Service Tool.

For example: 2300 Series -


2306C-E14TAG2, 2306C-E14TAG3
The ECM has torque limit maps:
1500 rpm prime power
1800 rpm prime power
1500 rpm base load - continuous
1800 rpm base load - continuous
1500 rpm standby maximum power
1800 rpm standby maximum power

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2800 Series Engine Protection
There are three alarm levels provided which are defined as:
Level 1 - Operator Warning
To warn the operator or machine control system of a possible
condition within the ECM control system that requires the operators
attention.
Level 2 Action (called De-rate or Alert)
To inform the operator or machine control system to take action to
enable the proper control of the system (i.e. to externally de-rate or
reduce speed). This is normally used by the OEM to stop the engine.
Level 3 Shutdown
To inform the operator or machine control system that the ECM has
shutdown due to an operating condition reaching an unacceptable
level; or if in the critical override condition, that the product is now
operating in a condition outside of its scope of supply and may cause
injury or be damaged in such a way as to invalidate the warranty

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Warnings, Action Alert and Shutdown
Protection Device Warning Action Alert Shutdown
High Coolant Temp
Low Oil Pressure
Engine Over-speed
Inlet Manifold Air Pressure
High Inlet Manifold Air Temp
High Fuel Temp

There is not a warning, alert, shutdown on atmospheric it purely logs a


diagnostic code, the diagnostic lamp comes on, the oil pressure is then
invalid and we trigger the oil pressure lamp and the shutdown

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2800 Series Lamp Outputs
The ECM provides individual outputs to drive warning lamps
and/or relays to indicate each of the following fault conditions:

Active Fault Codes (Diagnostics)


High Coolant Temperature
Low Oil Pressure
Over-speed
Level 1 (Warning)
Level 2 (Action Alert)
Level 3 (Shutdown)
Lamp Outputs.
The outputs have a maximum current value as below.
Shutdown and Crank Terminate = 1.5 amps.
Action Alert and Warning = 1 amp.
Diagnostics, Oil Pressure, Coolant Temperature, Overspeed = 0.3 amps.

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M a c h in e W ir in g S c h e m a tic , A ll O p tio n s
Customer Outputs
T h is W ir in g S u p p lie d B y O E M

C r a n k T e r m in a te ECM
N o te s : ( E n g in e R u n n in g
S ig n a l)
O u tp u ts m a y b e u s e d to T J 1 /1 3 C r a n k T e r m in a te O u tp u t
d r iv e la m p s o r r e la y s . C K
C r a n k T e r m in a te s h o u ld b e
a r e la y u s e d to d is c o n n e c t S h u td o w n
th e s ta r te r m o to r in O E M
p a n e l s ta r t c ir c u it. ( E C M la tc h e d o u t)
J 1 /1 0 S h u td o w n la m p O u tp u t
G
D ia g n o s tic la m p lig h ts
w h e n a c tiv e s y s te m fa u lt A c tio n A le r t
re g is te re d A c tio n A le r t L a m p O u tp u t
J 1 /1 9
F o r fu ll d e ta ils o f in p u ts / U
o u tp u ts , re fe r to
In s ta lla tio n M a n u a l
W a rn in g
J 1 /2 0 W a r n in g L a m p O u t p u t
P
D ia g n o s tic s
J 1 /3 1 D ia g n o s tic s L a m p O u tp u t
K
L o w O il P re s s u re
J 1 /2 8 O il P r e s s u r e L a m p O u tp u t
O
H ig h C o o la n t T e m p
J 1 /2 9 C o o la n t T e m p e r a tu r e L a m p O u t
N
O v e rs p e e d
J 1 /3 0 O v e rs p e e d L a m p O u tp u t
A
+ Positive - Negative O ff - D is a b le d - S to p
J 1 /6 2 In je c tio n D is a b le
I n je c t i o n D i s a b l e O n - E n a b le d - R u n U
O ff
O n
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C r itic a l O v e r r id e Perkins Confidential Green
K
( D is a b le s O il & W a te r s h u td o w n s
when on)
1500
S ig n a l)
O u tp u ts m a y b e u s e d to T J 1 /1 3 C r a n k T e r m in a te O u t p u t
d r iv e la m p s o r r e la y s . C K
C r a n k T e r m in a te s h o u ld b e
a re la y u s e d to d is c o n n e c t
Injeo Disable / Override Critical
S h u td o w n
J 1 /1 0
th e s ta r te r m o to r in O E M
p a n e l s ta rt c irc u it.
S h u t d o w n la m p O u t p u t
( E C M la tc h e d o u t)
G
D ia g n o s tic la m p lig h ts
w h e n a c tiv e s y s te m fa u lt A c tio n A le r t
r e g is te r e d A c t io n A le r t L a m p O u t p u t
J 1 /1 9
Quando override crtica foi habilitado na
F o rf u l l d e t a i l s o f i n p u t s /
o u tp u ts , re fe r to
U ferramenta de servio
In s ta lla tio n M a n u a l
W a r n in g
o interruptor quando "aberto" permite que a proteo
J 1 /2 0 Wseja
a r n i n gativada,
L a m p O u tp u t
P
o interruptor quando
D i a g n o s t i fechado
cs permite a proteco
J 1 /3 1
normal
D ia g n o s t ic s L a m p O u tp u t
o diagrama l o oposto. K

A idia era que, se voc tiver ativado um recurso


L o w O il P r e s s u re
J 1 / 2a8 mais
O i l P de
r e s s uproteo
re L a m p O u tpe ut o
O
sistema cair poder danificar os resultados seguros e haver a total
destruio. Substituir Critical ' no recomendado,
H ig h C o o la n t T e m p
J 1 / 2 9 ignora
C o o l aa n t presso
T e m p e r a t u r e do
L a m leo
p O u t p u ,t
N
temperatura do lquido de arrefecimento , paradas presso atmosfrica
quando em 24 Volts.
O v e rs p e e d
J 1 /3 0 O v e rs p e e d L a m p O u tp u t
A
O ff - D is a b le d - S to p
J 1 /6 2 I n je c t io n D is a b le
I n je c t i o n D i s a b l e O n - E n a b le d - R u n U
O ff
O n J 1 /6 4 S h u td o w n E m e r g e n c y O v e r r id e
C r itic a l O v e r r id e K
( D is a b le s O il & W a te r s h u td o w n s
when on)
1500
J 1 /5 6 1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 r p m S e le c t
1 5 0 0 /1 8 0 0 1 8 0 0 N
r p m S e le c t Is o c h
J 1 /4 6 D ro o p /Is o c h ro n o u s
D ro o p / D ro o p A
Is o c h ro n o u s
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F a u lt R e s e t Y
2800 Series Switch Inputs
1500/1800 Seleo de rpm
Mudar para terra para selecionar 1.800 rpm. A ativao desta entrada
controlada atravs da Ferramenta de Servio Eletrnico ( EST ))
Inclinao
Alterne para a terra para governar inclinao . A ativao desta entrada do
interruptor e Percentagem inclinao definida usando o EST
Erro/ reset
Essa opo usada para limpar falhas depois de uma paragem do motor ,
interruptor terra para reset de irregularidade . ( Falhas apuradas , girando
a chave de ignio ligado / desligado )

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Diagnstico de falhas eletrnicas
Ferramenta de Servio Eletrnico ( EST )
Dispositivo de diagnstico eletrnico ( EDD)
Monitor genrio de motores(GEM)
Diagnstico TSD
Manual de 3453
Guia de Resoluo de Problemas (ETG)
Perkins Tcnico de Informao de Marketing ( PTMI )
Oficina manual TSD 3450
Instalao manual TSL 4262

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Diagnstico de falhas eletrnicas
Genricos Engine Monitor (GEM 2200) Part Number
2800A003
Mdulo robusto Compacto
se conecta via J1939 CAN
diversos Idiomas
Medidores analgicos
Leitura Digital grficos
Cdigos de diagnstico ativos
Alarme audvel
12/24 Volt Operao

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J 1 /2 +5V
R
J 1 /6 1 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e
B
9 Pin (Deutsch)
B
J 1 /6 3
J 1 /6 5
Diagnostic
U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e
U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y N e g a t iv e
Connector M a in
B a tte ry
Feed
B ( D ir e c t
J 1 /4 8 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e fro m
R s ta rte r/
J 1 /5 2 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e b a tte ry )
R
J 1 /5 3 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e Usado para diagnstico Code Reader /
O ff R Genricos Engine Monitor ,
J 1 /7 0 S w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e (CAN) Controlador Area Network ,
Key O n Y
w itc h SAE J1939 controle do grupo gerador
J 1 /5 0 J 1 9 3 9 D a ta L in k +
Y
A)
J 1 /3 4 J 1 9 3 9 D a t a L in k - Screen - No usado
G
J 1 /4 2 J 1 9 3 9 S c re e n
B u tto n
J 1 /8 P e r k in s D a ta L in k + Usado para a Ferramenta de Servio Eletrnico
G
J 1 /9 P e r k in s D a ta L in k - Perkins Data Link (PDL)
N
J 1 /5 5 U n s w it c h e d B a t t e r y P o s it iv e P ower
R S u p p ly to

B J 1 /6 9 U n s w itc h e d B a tte r y N e g a tiv e S e r v ic e


T ool
P1 J1
9 P in P e r k in s D a t a
J H C G F D E A B L in k C o n n e c to r

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Electronic Engine Diagnostics
Ferramenta de Servio Eletrnico ( EST ) computador baseado .
Muitas funes , leitura de temperatura , a velocidade , presses ,
etc. nica verdadeira rede (incluindo de alguns OEM e
Concessionrias )
As definies de configurao , histogramas, grficos , registro de
dados , etc. ' Arquivos flash ' Instalao / download e diagnstico
completo do motor.
Dispositivos Electrnicos de diagnstico , (EDD) . L J 1.939 cdigos
e disponveis para qualquer pessoa .
No um substituto para o EST.
Capacidade de controlar a velocidade do motor remotamente

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Electronic Service Tool (EST)

Um elemento de TIPSS
A Soluo de Suporte Integrado ao Produto
Comum para todos os futuros Perkins Engines
Hardware e software necessrios
Adaptador / Comunicaes Informtica
assinatura anual Restrito a verdadeiras redes

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Cdigos de falhas de diagnsticos
Engine coolant temperature
Cdigos de diagnstico ativos
Qualquer falha que est neste
momento "Activa" no motor 110 3
Cdigos de diagnstico registrados
As falhas que ocorreram Conectado
e foi reparado.
Cdigos evento registrado CID FMI
Problemas em 'Eventos' Identificao do Identificao
que poderiam causar Componente eletrnico Do modo de
danos permanentes falha

E 361-1 High Engine Coolant Temperature (Warning)


E 361-2 High Engine Coolant Temperature (Action Alert)
E 361-3 High Engine Coolant Temperature (Shutdown)

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23/25/2800 Velocidade/calibrao/sincronismo
Este procedimento s necessrio se o Cdigo de Diagnstico est
presente :
O motor pode rodar spero, emitir fumaa ou podem existir
quaisquer efeitos de desempenho notvel

261-13 tempo de calibrao necessrio

Se o ECM foi substitudo e voc incapaz de levar os dados de ECM


existente, ou se os reparos foram concludos para o trem de
acionamento do motor ou, eventualmente, substitudo sensores /
Horrio de velocidade
O motor deve rodar a 1100 rpm para a calibrao de ECM .

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Cronometragem Instalao calibrao da
sonda

1mm (0.040in)

A sonda mede a posio angular da cambota e se compara este com a medio


proveniente do sensor de velocidade do eixo de cames / temporizao.
Em seguida, o ECM faz uma correo ou de calibrao , se necessrio.

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ECM Timing Calibration Location Position
Slot de
calibrao

Posio referncia
Calibrao ECM

Distncia entre a
posio TDC ea
posio Calibrao
ECM cerca de
100/125 mm

Ponto de referncia virabrequim


Posio referncia TDC virabrequim Acesso Calibrao crter plug em branco

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2300/2800 Series Immersion Heater
110V / 240V aquecedores de imerso e termostato.
Avaliado em 1500W , faixa de temperatura do
termostato de 38 a 49 C Thermostat
Sensor
Arns de rota para evitar o calor do
colector de escape / turbocompressor

Aquecedor de
imerso Elemento
Posio

Elemento aquecedor de Connect to: 110/240


imerso Volt Power Supply

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2300/2800 Series /Modo de Partida a Frio
Tempo avanado
A ECM fornece avano de temporizao automtica em tempo frio
para compensar o aumento do atraso da ignio do combustvel frio
e ar frio Vrias condies existem em motores frios que causam o
aumento da fumaa branca da combusto incompleta.
Condies para que isso acontea
Provocado abaixo de 18 graus C

O ar de entrada frio.

O combustvel frio e no incendeia to facilmente


Atraso mais longo de ignio .

O pisto , parede do cilindro e cabea so frios .

O combustvel frio no queima to rapidamente

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Certifique-se de
2800 Srie Governador " Excesso de velocidade "
de Estabilidade - configurada com o EST
Estabelecer o quanto a instabilidade governador (rpm acima e abaixo da velocidade
nominal)
(Aumentar ganho proporcional do governador - durao caa vai aumentar )

(Diminuindo ganho proporcional do governador- durao caa vai diminuir )

Adjustments
20 rpm abaixo da velocidade nominal - ajustar min estabilidade e reduzir o ganho
proporcional
20 rpm acima da velocidade nominal - ajustar estabilidade max e reduzir o ganho
proporcional
Typical 2806
Ganho proporcional do governador - 26,214 (range 1 - 39999)
Fator mximo de estabilidade do governador - 3146
Fator mnimo de estabilidade do goverdador - 1573
Tipo de valor 'O' e configurao ir retornar para seu valor padro
Note:
Alterando valores podem afetar o estado estacionrio e transitrio de velocidade / resposta

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If you need Technical advice contact our dedicated Engineers
Use the Request Form
on the Perkins Secured Internet
http://www.perkins.com/perkins/cda/technicalSupportRequest/1,4077,,00.html

Or
Send an email to
technical_help@perkins.com

For URGENT queries only, telephone +44 (0)1733 582858

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23/25/2800 Series
End of Course Questions

1. Qual a tenso de referncia que usamos para alimentar o ajuste de


velocidade analgico, o que so nmeros do ' Jack ' ?
2. O aplicativo pode usar ' Override Critical?
3. O que aconteceria se eu desligasse o sensor de presso de leo?
4. Qual a descrio para estes cdigos de falha : 110-3 / 100-4?
5. O que poderia ser a causa das falhas acima?
6. O que o mtodo preferido de parar o motor?
7. Nomeie os dois sensores que monitoram a velocidade do motor /
posio?
8. Ser que o motor ainda comea com uma velocidade com o sensor de
posio desconectado?

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23/25/2800 Series
End of Course Questions (cont/d)
9. O que PWM durante o repouso?
10. Que tipo de termistor est nos sensores de temperatura?
11. Quais so as conexes de 'Jack' para o fornecimento de energia ECM ?
12. Qual a tenso que eu esperaria entre ' Jacks A, B , C, no chicote de
alimentao dos sensores de presso?
13. Qual Voltagem que se espera do Outro Lado quando ' ligar ' o sensor
de temperatura com o sensor de desconectado?
14. Por que so diodos montados em toda rels em um motor eletrnico?
15. Um circuito aberto da fonte de alimentao do sensor de presso, ir
criar cdigo?
16. Como posso conseguir 1.100 RPM para calibrar o tempo?

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Perkins Confidential Green