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EXAMPLE OF EGYPT

EXAMPLES
ARCHITECTUREOF
EGYPTIAN
ARCHITECTURE

LICAO, GABRIEL
BRYAN
SPHINX
- Egyptian Sphinx had the head of a king, a hawk ,
a ram or more rarely a woman on the body of a
lion.

CRIOSPHINX -
Egyptian sphinx
having a head of a
ram.

ANROSPHINX Egyptian
Sphinx having a head of a
man.

HIERACOSPHINX-
Egyptian sphinx
having a head of a
hawk.
- Henry Fischer relates the heads attachment to lions body, it
is a suggestion of shape-shifting, that is link between the
mankind and the gods, which lives in this world.

- The Great Sphinx of Giza


- It is 65 ft. High by 188 ft. long.
- It said to be the largest and famous sphinx .
TOMB ARCHITECTURE
MASTABAS
- house of eternityoreternal
MASTABAS house

- Were the first tombs



-The word 'mastaba' comes from
theArabicword for a bench of
mud, and when seen from a
distance a mastaba does
resemble a bench.

- The funeral chambers were


underground.
-is a type ofancient Egyptian tombin the form
of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with
outward sloping sides, constructed out of mud-
bricks (from the Nile River) or stone.
- Mastabas are built on the west side of the Nile.
(symbol of
death,
Chapel where the
Room with the sun sets)
statue of the
dead

Mastaba is
consist of
Blocked 3 parts :
well Funeral
chamber
1.Burial
chamber/t
sarcophagus
omb
TYPES OF MASTABA
MASTABA OF AHA- SAKKARA ( 1ST
DYNASTY)
MASTABA OF BEIT KHALAF ( 2ND AND 3RD
DYNASTY)
Guarded by 5
portcullises

stairway
mastaba
MASTABA OF GIZEH ( 4TH DYNASTY)

- Development of
offering chapel - Typical shaft mastaba
-false door
MASTABA OF THI , SAKKARA ( 5TH
DYNASTY)

- It has a large pillared


court attached to the north
end of the east side.
ROYAL PYRAMIDS
PYRAMIDS
Pyramids had many uses
- It is tend to be tombs for kings
- Sites for sacrifice
- Place for worship
- Astronomical tools
Pyramids had a smooth angled sides designed to
help the Pharaohs soul ascend to heaven.
- Ancient Egyptians constructed pyramids to
serve as tombs for kings and queens.
TYPES OF PYRAMID

Step Pyramid of Pyramid of Bent Pyramid (South


Zoser/Djoser Meydum Pyramid)

Red Pyramid (North The Great Pyramid of Pyramid of


Pyramid) Cheops Mykerinos
STEP PYRAMID OF ZOSER/DJOSER (3RD
DYNASTY)
PYRAMID OF MEYDUM/ MEIDUM
BENT PYRAMIDOR SOUTH PYRAMID OF
SENEFERU
RED PYRAMID OR NORTH PYRAMID OF
SENEFURU
THE GREAT PYRAMID OF CHEOPS
(KHUFU)
PYRAMID OF MYKERINOS ( MENKAURA)
ROCK-HEWN TOMBS
THE TOMBS OF BENI ASAN/ BENI
HASSAN

Beni Hassan is an Ancient Egyptian


cemetery site.
Beni Hassan are carved into some limestone
hills on the East Bank of the Nile. There are
39 in all arranged in a row.