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ACADEMIC

PRESENTATION
WONG TZE NGUONG
NUR HARDIAH BT HADININ
FARAH HANNAN BT MOHAMAD ZAMRI
Stenhouses model
Stenhouse stressed that education is a matter of process
rather than the achievement of prescribed objectives:
the aim of education itself is the process of enquiry.
starting point should be the working group, not the
individual (Stenhouse, L. 1967-p. 55), based on the
premise that education was founded on co-operation

http://www.philosophy-of-education.org/publications/book-review-the-
work-of-lawrence-stenhouse.html
PRINCIPLES OF STENHOUSE MODEL

Content selection

Selection of
teaching strategies

Sequence of
content to be
taught

Implementation of
curriculum

Choong, L.K. (2011).


CHARACTERISTICS

Intrinsic value Teachers


of learning active roles

4 fundamental Dynamic and


processes in modifiable
education:
Training
Instruction Learning Interactive
Initiation outcomes are
Induction NOT the main
focus

Sources: Choong, L.K. (2011); McKimm, J. (2003); James, M. (2012);


Neglect the
importance
of
appropriate
materials

No Not
Disadvanta
concret applicab
ges of
e le in
Process
guidelin certain
Model
e subjects

Teachers
quality

Choong, L.K.
KSSR
A transformed school upgrades are done to
curriculum that Created based on the organisation
undergoes rearranging FPK some design, pedagogy,
and upgrading of the principles in KBSR curriculum, time
existing curriculum, are maintained appointed and
KBSR. curriculum
management
To ensure that students
are equipped with
Objective: sufficient knowledge,
skills and relevant values
that suits the current
needs to face the 21st
century.

Noriati A. Rashid et. al, (2016).


ASPECTS

Learning
Standards
environments

Methods and
approaches Assessment

Noriati A. Rashid et. al, (2016).


Standard-
Based
Curriculum

Content
Learning Standard
Standard

Specific statement about A setting criteria or


what students should know indicators of quality of
and can do in a period of learning and achievement
schooling covers the that can be measured for
knowledge, skills and each content standard.
values.
CONTENT STANDARD LEARNING STANDARD

Selection of content
Direct face-to-face interaction
Specify the essential
knowledge, skills, describe in detail the degree or
understanding and strategies.
quality of proficiency that
Examples of English language pupils need to display in
content: relation to the Content
Four language skills Standards for a particular year.
Basic literacy
Phonics
Language arts
Penmanship
Grammar in context
APPROACHES AND
METHODS IN KSSR

Emphasis on Hands-on learning; Online video


problem-based constructivism and library and 21st
and project-based contextual learning, Century
work mastery learning Classroom

ENHANCE SELF-PACED AND


INTERACTIVE
LEARNING SELF-ACCESS
LEARNING
EXPERIENCE LEARNING

Source: MOE (2013); Noriati A. Rashid et. al,


APPROACHES AND
METHODS IN KSSR
Practical
Community
application in
Blended learning service as a
Science through
and flipped compulsory
laboratory and
classroom activity in Moral
project-based
Education
work

FLEXIBLE,
DYNAMIC MODIFIABLE AND INTERACTIVE
LEARNING SELF-PACED LEARNING
PROCESSES LEARNING PROCESSES
PROCESSES
Source: MOE (2013); Noriati A. Rashid et. al,
one of Stenhouse models focuses is the learning
environment.

The ministry will ensure that all schools will have learning
environments that are suitable for all students. (Malaysia
Education Blueprint 2013-2025).
Making sure that all schools have acceptable minimum
infrastructure level, suits the school needs with effective
costs.
Aiding schools with critical needs of infrastructural
constructions.
Upgrading the equipment in all schools to support
students educational needs that change over time.
How can I relate KSSR with
Stenhouses model?

students have Teachers need to


the chance to have deep
Student- experience understandings of
centered wider, the fun elements
learning unlimited and to be able to
fun learning create the
processes required
environment.
How can I make
the POSITIVE
POSITIVE How do we learn
environment ENCOURAGEME
ENCOURAGEMENT together?-positive
fun?- positive NT
social environment
physical
environment

What will I be I want to know &


able to do?- A find out more
clear and LEARNING aware of the
meaningful goal IS FUN curiosity

How can I
How does it
participate?- full
benefit me?-
participation and
fulfilling
involvement of
students needs
students.
School-based accessment
Evaluation of students conducted in the classroom.
School-based assessment refers to continuous assessment,
assessment of learning and formative assessment in its many
forms around the world. (Rajput, Tewari & Kumar, 2005; Black &
William, 2003)
Evaluate childrens ability to meet or achieve the standards
specified by the KSSR syllabus.
Can be conducted in a variety of methods.
REFERENCES
Choong, L.K. (2011). Philosophy and Education in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Kumpulan
Budiman Sdn. Bhd.
James, M. (2012). An Alternative To The Objectives Model; The Process Model. Retrieved
from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/271964122_the_process_model
McKimm, J. (2003). Curriculum Design and Development. Retrieved 18 th September 2016
from
MOE, 2013. Malaysia Education Blueprint (2013-2025). Putrajaya: MOE
Noriati A. Rashid et. al, (2016). Falsafah dan Pendidikan di Malaysia. Shah Alam: Oxford
Fajar
Smith, M.K. (1996). Curriculum Theory and Practice. Retrieved 18 th September 2016 from
infed.org/mobi/curriculum-theory-and-practice/