Você está na página 1de 5

When writing in English, keep the following rules in mind:

use simple language


keep subordinate clauses short
prefer verbs to nouns (not: The meaning of this is that, but: This means that)
avoid slang and techy language
Sentence
Make your texts interesting by using various types of clauses, e.g.:
participle clauses
relative clauses
conditional sentences
infinitive constructions, introductory clauses with infinitive or gerund
prepositional clauses
passive voice
Note, however:
Always use main clauses for important statements use subordinate clauses only for additional information
Use passive voice sparingly prefer active voice.
Avoid long introductory clauses always try to put the subject close to the beginning of a sentence.
Avoid long subordinate clauses a subordinate clause in the middle of a sentence should have no more than 12 syllables
Check out the use of participles in our grammar section. They are very useful for shortening lengthy subordinate clauses.
Paragraph
As to paragraphs, keep the following rules in mind:
Concentrate on one main point per paragraph. Summarize this point in the first sentence.
All sentences that follow support the main point or limit its scope.
The last sentence is used as a transition to the next paragraph. Use a criteria that applies for both paragraphs.
Text
The typical structure of a text is as follows:
(title)
introduction
main part
conclusion
Make your texts interesting. You can achieve this for example by varying the lengths of your sentences. An important statement is best
emphasised in a short sentence, especially if that sentence is between two longer sentences. Do also vary the lenghts of your paragraphs
and avoid one-sentence paragraphs.
There are various possibilities on how to structure your texts, e.g.:
General to Specific
general statement followed by details and examples
Specific to General
details and examples followed by a generalization
Known to Unknown
provide new information based on what readers already know
Least Important to Most Important
catch and keep readers' attention
Chronology (ordering by time)
e.g. in biographies
Agreement
There are many reasons for ...
There is no doubt about it that ...
I simply must agree with that.
I am of the same opinion.
I am of the same opinion as the author.
I completely/absolutely agree with the author.
Qualified Disagreement
It is only partly true that...
I can agree with that only with reservations.
That seems obvious, but ...
That is not necessarily so.
It is not as simple as it seems.
Under certain circumstances ...
Disagreement
There is more to it than that.
The problem is that ...
I (very much) doubt whether ...
This is in complete contradiction to ...
What is even worse, ...
I am of a different opinion because ...
I cannot share this / that / the view.
I cannot agree with this idea.
What I object to is ...
Unlike the author I think ...
Changed: 10th Dec 2010 19:36

URL: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/writing/comments
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT
hOWo rd List
Acco moda tio n
a cco mmo dation
dormitory
double ro om
family ro o m
twin ro om
single roo m
double bed
yo uth ho stel
bunk bed
fill in a fo rm
receptio n
receptio nis t
key
boo k in a dva nce
B&B
va ca ncies
no va ca ncies
Hotel
a rriva l date / da te o f a rriva l
departure date / da te o f depa rture
roo m service
a ir co nditio ning
ma ke a res erva tio n / boo k a ro om
request more info rmatio n
co mplete / fill in the fo rm
sta ff
ca ncel a boo king
Resta ura nt
eating out
bill (The bill please.)
bottle
dess ert
drink
hungry
thirs ty
menu
o rder (Are yo u ready to o rder?)
res taurant
set mea l
table (A t able for two pleas e.)
guest
waiter , waitres s
Here you go.
tip (Sha ll we tip the waiter?)
Word List
Appearance I am / You are / He is / She is tall small overweight, fat
slim young old years old. beautiful / pretty (Mdchen / Frau), handsome
(Junge / Mann) sun-tanned pale I have / You have / He has / She has
(got) blue / green / grey / brown eyes freckles a beard a full beard a
moustache a goatee a stubbly beard blond hair red hair brown hair black
hair dyed hair blond highlights short hair long hair straight hair curly hair /
curls a bald head a square / round / triangular / oval face a big / small / long
nose big / small ears Clothing and Accessories I wear / You wear / He
wears / She wears glasses contact lenses I am wearing / You are
wearing / He/She is wearing earrings a necklace a wristband a
bracelet a cap a red scarf a tie Character I am / You are / He is / She is
shy quiet lively active easygoing outgoing nice friendly funny happy
annoying sad aggressive a pain in the neck a little chatter box