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ITU-T

Recomendaes e Normas.
Apresentao das redes do
ITU.
Tipos de redes de
telecomunicaes
rgos de Padronizao
De Jure
ITU-T: International Telecommunications Union
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO: International Organization for Standardization
ANSI: American National Standards Institute
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ETSI: European Telecommunication Standard Institute
De Facto
3GPP
3GPP2
Frum do Bluetooth
Exemplo de Padres de Facto e de Jure
Arquitetura TCP/IP e Modelo de Referncia ISO/OSI
Estrutura do International
Telecommunication Union (ITU)

http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/
http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unio_Internacional_de_Telecomunicaes
Uma viso Geral dos rgos de
Padronizao
Parceiros Organizacionais e Membros
Individuais
Parceiros Organizacionais
ANSI, USA TTA, Korea
TIA, USA CWTS, China
ARIB, Japan
ANATEL, Brasil
TTC, Japan

Membros Individuais
Sprint PCS
Qualcomm Oi
Air Touch
NEC Fujitsu
Nortel Networks
NTT Ericsson
Lucent Technologies
KDD Siemens
Motorola
NSN Hitachi etc.
Telefonica
Series e Recomendaes ITU-T
Serie
Description Technology
s
A Organization of the work of ITU-T
....
Ethernet, MPLS, SDH,
Transmission systems and media, digital
G Fiber Optical (WDM),
systems and networks
Satellite
H Audiovisual and multimedia systems
I Integrated services digital network ISDN, ATM
...
Q Switching and signalling Frame Relay
...
Data networks, open system communications
X X.25 , X.75
and security
...
Languages and general software aspects for
Z
telecommunication systems
http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/info/structure.html#I
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ITU-T#
Series_and_Recommendations
Tipos de Rede
Tecnologia Aplicao/ Sigla Comentrio
TEF (Transferncia Eletrnica de
X.25 Fundos) ,POS (Point of Sale)
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISDN (RDSI) (Rede Digital de Servios Integrados)
Pouca utilizao no Brasil
Rede Antiga de Dados de
Frame Relay Baixo Custo em Desuso
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode Redes 3G (UMTS)
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Rede Atual de
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Telecomunica
es
SONET Synchronous Optical Network Mais utilizado nos USA
WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Futuro das
Ethernet
Redes de
MPLS Multiprotocol lLbel Switching Telecomunica
es
MODELO OSI

A Invokes Operation on B
Application Application
A (Client) B returns result (or error) to A B (Server)

Provides agreed message semantics


Application Application
Opens connections, controls stream
flows,
Transport Transport
closes connections
Performs network-wide routing
Network Network

Data Link Supports communication across a single link Data Link

Supports physical transport of bits


Physical Physical

9
Modelo OSI

http://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/OSI_model
Modelo OSI
Data unit Layer Function
Network process to
7. Application
application
Data representation,
encryption and
Data decryption, convert
6. Presentation
Host machine dependent data
layers to machine independent
data
5. Session Interhost communication
End-to-end connections
Segments 4. Transport and reliability,
flow control
Packet/Datagra Path determination and
3. Network
m logical addressing
Media
Frame 2. Data Link Physical addressing
layers
Media, signal and binary
Bit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model
1. Physical
transmission
Modelo OSI
Data unit Layer Function Comments
7. Network process to
Application application
HTTP, FTP, SMTP
Data representation,
encryption and
6. decryption, convert encryption , compression,
Data
Presentation machine dependent SSL, TLS, ASCII, JPEG
data to machine
independent data
Interhost
5. Session
communication
SIP, RTP/RTPC
End-to-end connections
Segments 4. Transport and reliability, TCP, UDP, SCTP
flow control
Packet/Datagr Path determination and
am
3. Network
logical addressing
IPv4, IPv6, IPSec, ROUTER
SWITCH, Access Control,
Frame 2. Data Link Physical addressing CSMA/CA, CSMA/CD, QoS,
Security, MAC
Frequency, Time, Power,
Media, signal and Modulation (OFDM, QAM),
Bit 1. Physical
binary transmission DSL, USB, RJ45 (Ethernet),