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PE AC E AN D

JUSTICE
BRAINSTORM
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS THAT SHOW WAR IS NOT A
BIOLOGICAL NEED, BUT RATHER A SOCIAL PRODUCT.
THEREFORE, IN THE SEVILLE STATEMENT ON VIOLENCE
OF SCIENTISTS IN 1986, ONE FUNDAMENTAL PROPOSITION
THEY POSED WAS THAT:
IT IS SCIENTIFICALLY INCORRECT TO SAY THAT WAR OR
ANY VIOLENT BEHAVIOUR IS GENETICALLY PROGRAMMED IN
HUMAN NATURE.
THE INCREASING DESTRUCTIVENESS AND WANTON
HUMAN SUFFERING THAT ARE THE HALLMARKS OF
CONTEMPORARY WARFARE HAVEREVEALED THE CAUSE
OF THE ABOLITION OF WAR TO BE MORE OF A PRACTICAL
NECESSITY THAN A UTOPIAN IDEA IT (THE INSTITUTION
OF WAR) IS A PRODUCT OF THE HUMAN IMAGINATION AND
THE HUMAN IMAGINATION CAN REPLACE IT (REARDON,
2001).

SINCE WAR BEGINS IN THE MINDS OF MEN, IT IS IN THE


MINDS OF MEN THAT THE DEFENSES OF PEACE MUST BE
CONSTRUCTED (UNESCO).
PE AC E AN D
JUSTICE
THE CORE VALUES OF PEACE AND JUSTICE ARE
FUNDAMENTAL TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY.

Justice

Peace
PEACE IS NOT ONLY THE ABSENCE OF WAR BUT ALSO THE
PRESENCE OF POSITIVE LIFE-AFFIRMING VALUES AND STRUCTURES.
IT IMPLIES FAR MORE THAN THE MERE ABSENCE OF PHYSICAL OR
DIRECT VIOLENCE.
JUSTICE AND PEACE

IT ENCOMPASSES OTHER VALUES SUCH AS RESPECT FOR


HUMAN RIGHTS, TOLERANCE, ACTIVE NON-VIOLENCE,
COOPERATION AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY.
RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IS VERY IMPORTANT IN


ACHIEVING A JUST AND PEACEFUL SOCIETY. AN INTEGRAL
UNDERSTANDING OF HUMAN RIGHTS INCLUDES NOT
ONLY FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS AND THE FUNDAMENTAL
EQUALITY OF ALL REGARDLESS OF GENDER, RACE,
BELIEFS AND SOCIAL STATUS BUT ALSO THE FULFILMENT
OF BASIC NEEDS OF FOOD, CLOTHING, SHELTER, WORK,
HEALTH CARE AND EDUCATION.
TOLERANCE

TOLERANCE IS ESSENTIAL TO THE REALIZATION OF


HUMAN RIGHTS BECAUSE IT ACCORDS TO OTHERS THE
RIGHT TO HAVE THEIR PERSONS AND IDENTITIES
RESPECTED. IT RECOGNIZES THE REALITY OF PLURALISM
AND RESPECTS THE RICH DIVERSITY OF CULTURES AND
FORMS OF HUMAN EXPRESSION. IT CALLS FOR THE
ERADICATION OF PREJUDICES AND INSENSITIVITY.
ACTIVE NON-VIOLENCE
ACTIVE NON-VIOLENCE IS A VALUE THAT RECOGNIZES
THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON AND THE VALUE OF
LIFE. IT IS NOT PASSIVE RESIGNATION BUT THE ACTIVE
ENGAGEMENT OF POSITIVE TECHNIQUES AND NON-
VIOLENT PROCESSES TO RESOLVE CONFLICTS. IT
UPHOLDS THE SUPERIOR POWER OF LOVE, APPEAL TO
CONSCIENCE AND SPIRITUAL FORCE OVER PHYSICAL
FORCE.
CO-OPERATION AND
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
CO-OPERATION ENABLES US TO LIVE AND WORK
TOGETHER TOWARD THE PURSUIT OF THE COMMON
GOOD WHILE SOCIAL

RESPONSIBILITY IS A VALUE THAT ENCOURAGES PEOPLE


TO TAKE ACTION AND TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE SHAPING
OF A BETTER SOCIETY, MINDFUL OF THEIR
RESPONSIBILITY TOWARD BOTH PRESENT AND FUTURE
GENERATIONS.
LEVELS OF PEACE
JUSTICE

JUSTICE IS ALSO VERY MUCH RELATED TO PEACE. IT IS, IN


FACT, A CORNERSTONE OF PEACE. WITHOUT JUST
RELATIONSHIPS AND SOCIAL STRUCTURES, OPPRESSION
AND DISCRIMINATION WILL PROSPER, AND, IN TURN,
THESE CONDITIONS WILL BREED ANGER AND HOSTILITY.
HENCE, THE FUNDAMENTAL EQUALITY OF ALL IS A MAJOR
CONCERN.
TEACHER OF PEACE
THE AGENT WHO WILL FACILITATE AND INTRODUCE TO
OUR YOUTH THE VARIOUS LEARNINGS THAT WE HAVE ON
PEACE. WE WOULD LIKE NOW TO LOOK INTO THE
PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF
TEACHERS OF PEACE.
THINK OF A PERSON WHOM YOU CONSIDER AS A
TEACHER OF PEACE. THE PERSON MAY BE SOMEONE YOU
PERSONALLY KNOW OR SOMEONE YOU ASPIRE TO BE
LIKE. THEN, IDENTIFY THE PERSONS ATTRIBUTES, BOTH
PERSONALLY AND PROFESSIONALLY, THAT MAKES THEM
QUALIFY AS A TEACHER OF PEACE
INDICATORS OF A TEACHER
OF PEACE (REARDON, 2001)
A) A PERSON OF VISION, CAPABLE OF HOPE AND OF
IMAGING POSITIVE CHANGE
B)NOT ONLY A TRANSMITTER OF CULTURE BUT IS ALSO A
TRANSFORMER OF CULTURE
C) ACTS PERSONALLY AND PROFESSIONALLY AS AN AGENT
OF CHANGE, REMEMBERING THAT LEARNING IS CHANGE IN
THE LEARNERS
D) MOTIVATED BY SERVICE AND LOVE OF LEARNING
E) HAS PROFOUND RESPECT FOR OTHERS AND MAKES
THIS THE QUALITY OF HIS OR HER RELATIONSHIPS
F)IS A LIFELONG LEARNER
G) HAS THE SKILLS OF ELICITATION AND OF POSING
REFLECTIVE QUESTIONS
H) PRACTICES COOPERATIVE TRAINING AND DISCOURAGES
NEGATIVE COMPETITION
I) FACILITATES UNDERSTANDING ALTERNATIVE
POSSIBILITIES FOR A PREFERRED FUTURE OF PEACE
J) INSPIRES SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON THE PART OF THE
LEARNERS.
ASSESSMENT

USE THE FOLLOWING RATING SCALE:


/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
TOTALLY ABSENT TOTALLY
PRESENT
1. Honesty is one of the prime determinants of enriching
loving relationships?
2. Compassion is the act of opening your heart, lowering
your barriers to emotions and approaching to connect with
others.
3. 'Altruism' is generally defined as self-less behavior and is
an antithesis of hedonistic and egoistic behavior.

4.Apathy in contrast is the other end of the continuum


where there is a lack of feeling, concern and interest for
another.
5. THE CORE VALUES OF PEACE AND JUSTICE ARE
FUNDAMENTAL TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL
AND SOCIETY
TRUE OR FALSE
6. Sympathy does not require some level of empathy.
7. The experience of sympathizing may also be constructive and
destructive.
8. Empathy could communicate a condescending message.
9. Empathy is a human quality that enables one to step outside of
him/herself in order to feel the feelings from within the other person.
10. IT IS SCIENTIFICALLY INCORRECT TO SAY THAT WAR OR ANY
VIOLENT BEHAVIOUR IS NOT GENETICALLY PROGRAMMED IN HUMAN
NATURE
11. PEACE TALK IS THE CORNERSTONE OF PEACE.
12. A TEACHER OF PEACE IS ALSO A TRANSFORMER OF CULTURE.
13. ACTIVE NON-VIOLENCE IS NOT PASSIVE RESIGNATION BUT THE
PASSIVE ENGAGEMENT OF POSITIVE TECHNIQUES AND NON-VIOLENT
PROCESSES TO RESOLVE CONFLICTS.
14. TOLERANCE RECOGNIZES THE REALITY OF PLURALISM AND
RESPECTS THE RICH DIVERSITY OF CULTURES
15. apathy is required for psychic survival.