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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED

CONCRETE I 2016

PRESTRESSED SOLID
SLABS

Arjun Middha
Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

The prestressed floor slabs


are used where the loosely
reinforcedslabs are close to
their limits, with regards to
load and span width. The
width, depending on the
production procedure, is up to
3 m, thickness of the concrete
board is 80 - 120 mm
The longitudinal
reinforcement of the
prestressed floor slabsconsist
of bracing wire strings, for
transverse reinforcement,
steel bars are laid over the
pre-stressing reinforcement.
Depending on the slab type
and the span width, the level
of support work can be
reduced to partial - or even
deleted. The major advantage
of this system is the large
available span widths of the
prestressed floor slabs and
the minimal support
requirements.
It is a lostformwork and
theunderside is characterized Arjun Middha
by high surface quality =it Rishika Kak
can be wallpapered or Sonakshi
painted. Plastering work is Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
not required, the joints 4A
between the individual slabs
must be filled to create a
flush finished surface.
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

HOLLOW SLABS

Arjun Middha
Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

Ahollow core slab,alsoknownas Theprecastconcreteslabhastubular


avoided slab,hollow core plankor voidsextendingthefulllengthofthe
simplyaconcrete plankisaprecastslab slab,typicallywithadiameterequalto
ofprestressedconcretetypicallyusedin the2/3-3/4oftheslab.Thismakesthe
theconstructionoffloorsinmulti- slabmuchlighterthanamassivesolid
storyapartmentbuildings.Theslabhas concretefloorslabofequalthickness
beenespeciallypopularincountrieswhere orstrength.Thereducedweightis
theemphasisofhomeconstructionhas importantbecauseitlowersthecostsof
beenonprecastconcrete,including transportationaswellasmaterial
NorthernEuropeandformersocialist (concrete)costs.Theslabsaretypically
PrecastcountriesofEasternEurope. 120cmwidewithstandardthicknesses
concretepopularityislinkedwithlow- between15cmand50cm.Reinforcing
seismiczonesandmoreeconomical steelwireropeprovidesresistanceto
constructionsbecauseoffastbuilding bendingmomentfromloads.
assembly,lowerselfweight(lessmaterial), Arjun Middha
etc. Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

Arjun Middha
Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

Slabsinprestressedconcreteare
usuallyproducedinlengthsofupto200
meters.Theprocess
involvesextrudingwetconcretealong
withtheprestressedsteelwireropefrom
amovingmold.Thecontinuousslabis
thencutbybigdiamondcircularsaw
accordingtothelengths(andwidth)
requiredonblueprint.Factoryproduction
providestheobviousadvantagesof
reducedtime,labourandtraining.
Anotherfabricationsystemproduces
hollow-corefloorslabsinReinforced
Concrete(notprestressed).Theseare
madeoncarouselproductionlines,
directlytoexactlength,andasastock
product.Thelengthislimitedtoabout7-
8metre.EspeciallyinBelgium,this
methodiswidelyusedinprivate
housing.
Tomeetmodernstandards(bothhollow-
coreandmassiveslab)
ofsoundproofingthefloorneedstobe
coveredwithasoftfloorcoveringthatis
abletodampenthesoundoffootsteps
orafloatingfloorscreedshouldbe
installed.Analternativeistoputastrip
ofrubberunderneaththefloorslabs.
Arjun Middha
Hollow-coreslabsandwallelements Rishika Kak
withoutprestressedsteelwirecanbe Sonakshi
formedbyextruders. Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

DOUBLE TEE SLABS

Arjun Middha
Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION I PRESTRESSED
CONCRETE I 2016

DoubleTee(TT)slabsaretwo
symmetricallyplacedbeams
interactingwithaslabformingin
onesectionwithadoubletee
shapemadeinprecast,
prestressed
concrete.alfanarPrecastDouble
teeslabscanbeusedformost
applicationsrequiringalongspan
floororroofsystem(8to32
meters)dependingonrequired
loadcarryingcapability.Double
teeslabsareresistanttomoisture
andcorrosion.Parkinggarages,
officebuildings,commercial
buildings,factories,industrial
buildings,etc.,areallideal
applications.

Arjun Middha
Rishika Kak
Sonakshi
Vartika Saxena
Yashpriya Gupta
4A
DoubleTeeslabsaremadewithG50
concreteandstrandsASTMA416as
standard,eachdoubleTeeslabis
normally2400mmwide.alfanarPrecast
providesdoubleteeandsingleteeslabs
withstandardwidthof2400mm/1200
withspanfrom8to32meters,2
productionlines,150mlongeach,
depths:400,500,600,700,800,900
and1,000mm.