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Paint Defects 1

(1) Cratering
(2) Dust (nibs)
(3) Orange peel
(4) Sagging
(5) Poor opacity
Cratering / Fish-eyes

Cratering
(phenomenon from base material)

Fish-eyes
(phenomenon in paint film layer)

Cratering and Fish-eyes occurs partly on the paint surface, and the film becomes uneven.
Cratering / Fish-eyes (cause-result analysis chart)

Drying Application work


Too thick application of excessively diluted
paints
Poor drying of putty
Thick application of lacquer type putty

Cratering
Strong dissolvability of topcoat paint.
Insertion of polyester putty between lacquer
Absorptive putties paint films
Poor sanding of putty
Excessive adding of non-blushing
thinner

Paint / Putty Others


Cratering / Fish-eyes

Measures
Circumstances

Facility & Equipment


Most of the troubles can be
Precautions
resolved by avoiding the factors Application work

Materials

Slight fish-eyes shall be repaired with dry mist spraying.


Remedy
Large sized (cratering) shall be abraded off
completely after drying, and repaint.
Dust (Nibs)

Popping

Popping appears on the film surface.


Dust (cause-result analysis chart)

Materials Facility & Equipment


Shortage of booth air pressure
Insufficient filtration of paint Defects of booth filters

Insufficient cleaning of spray guns

Defects of air cleaner

Dust
Dusty working clothes

Insufficient cleaning of Insufficient cleaning of car body


the painting work floor
Trash of masking papers (newspapers, etc)

Insufficient cleaning of spray gun

Circumstances Application works


Dust (Nibs)

Measures Keep painting area clean, and free from trashes and dusts.

Precautions Prevent working area from floating dusts by watering the floor
before painting.

Wear anti-dust working clothes, and use proper masking


paper and tapes.

Remedy Abrade off small nibs with a knife or grinding stone, and
polish it up with compounds
Orange peel

Paint surface become uneven like orange peel.


Orange peel (cause-result analysis chart)
Application works Circumstances

High temperature of car body

Too fast blowing speed


Thin paint film

Low spray pressure

High temperature
Insufficient spraying emission volume

Too fast gun speed

Too long spray gun distance

Orange peel
Too quick evaporation of thinner
Too big size of spray gun nozzle
(insufficient atomization of the paint)

Too high viscosity of thinner

Defects of spray pattern


Low liquidity of paint (insufficient cleaning of spray gun)

Materials Facility & Equipment


Orange peel

Measures
Slow evaporation speed of solvent

Precautions Decrease viscosity of paint.

Maintain liquidity of paint

Remedy Apply water sanding (#800 #1000), and polish up


gradually with compounds (MediumFineExtra fine).
Sagging

Paint film
Substrate

Paint film partly becomes too thick and the paint sags.
Sagging (cause-result analysis chart)

Circumstances Application work


Low temperature of car
body
Thick paint film
Low temperature Low spray pressure

Too short spray gun distance

Too much spraying emission volume


Defective spray pattern

Sagging

Too slow evaporation of thinner Too big size of spray gun nozzle
(insufficient atomization pf paint)

Too low viscosity of paint


Defective spray pattern

Materials
Facility & Equipment
Sagging

Measures

Make set-to-touch time faster

Precautions Adjust spray pattern, gun distance, and gun speed to proper
level.

Use proper thinner to avoid excessive coating.

Overall sagging : abrade off whole area, and refinish.

Remedies

Slight sagging : abrade off the sagging area, then apply


compound (fineextra fine )
Poor opacity (Poor hiding power, or Lack of hiding)

Poor pigmentation

Insufficient film thickness

The color of undercoat is not hidden caused by poor pigmentation, or insufficient film thickness
Poor opacity (cause-result analysis chart)

Application works

Insufficient agitation

Too thin film coating

Too much diluted

Poor opacity

Specific nature of tinter

Materials
Lack of hiding power
Poor opacity

Measures

Spray paint in proper film thickness after sufficient agitation

Precautions Avoid excessive dilution.

Apply back-up undercoat of similar color shade in


case of poor hiding colors.

Remedy Repaint until the undercoat is completely hidden.