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Managing ESL Classroom

Prepared by

Managing the learning
Physical environment of
the classroom

Procedure for classroom


Amount of teacher and

student talk

Acceptable noise level in

Procedures for
The seating classroom routine
arrangemen Classes must begin on time
Pupils must be seated in their
t places unless activity demand
A open U- Pupils should learn when and how
to make responses and to listen to
shaped one another
arrangement or Be firm and consistent and
establish a friendly but
a circle businesslike environment for
encourages pupils to be active participants in
the classroom
environm Attractive room is
ent conducive to learning

An English board to display

samples of pupils work, posters
or poems.
English corners or class library.
These should be both
informative and attractive
Displaying pupils work and
records of their
accomplishments can be
motivating for pupils.
The amount of teacher The acceptable noise
and pupil talk level
A focus on accuracy usually Learner-centred activities
implies greater teacher control produces more noise than teacher-
Fluency-focussed activities tend to centred ones
be learner-centred Therefore, teacher can consider
i) appointing chairpersons for
ii) building in quiet as well as
active phases in activity
iii) planning activities which will
not be too long
iv) encouraging pupils to speak
quietly so they are audible only to
their immediate audience.
Organizing pupils


Pair work
The whole class locked together in common step engaged in the same
activity operating at the same pace
The teacher occupying centre stage in control of every classroom
Whole class interaction
Therefore, this mode of organization is useful for controlled language activity,
activity or where the focus is on accuracy

Pupils organized in groups with teacher acting as a facilitator and resource

person to encourage learner-centredness in the classroom.
The groups organized may be
i) Heterogeneous : Comprising pupils of different ability level
Group work ii) Homogeneous : Comprising pupils of about the same ability level

To ensure that everybody can participate actively

To make learner-centred lesson
i) Fixed pairs : Pupils have the same partner throughout the entire activity.
Example : they can role-play a dialogue containing words and structures
ii) Flexible pairs : Moving about and changing partners throughout the
Pair work activity. Example, they could get pupils to question different members of the
class about their likes or dislikes.
Has an integral part to play in learning
It is necessary for every pupil to work on their own at
their own pace at some point of lesson
It can be given in:
i) In class : 1) Pupils need to be able to consult the
teacher while working on their own
Individual 2) Teacher makes sure the pupil gets no help
from anyone in doing the task.
work ii) At home : 1)The teacher wants to extend practice time
2) The pupil can work on his own without

The pupils are responsible for their own learning

The young pupil have to make his choices with the
guidance of the teacher.
The teacher has to ensure that:
1) There is a range of activities which will encourage
different models of learning
Self- 2) There is a range of materials covering a variety of
directed skills and content areas to cater to the needs and
interests of different pupils
learning 3) The learning environment is organized to facilitate
self-directed work
Managing large classes
Organizing the
Catering to learner-
pupils needs centred
Pupils must Having pair A clean, neatly
have the work and group arranged
opportunity work in huge classroom with
to use the classroom attractive wall
language demands displays
This can be careful stimulates
effectively planning and language
carried out clear learning
through pair instructions The walls of the
work and group While the classroom can
work activities teacher be used
which allow encourages effectively for
simultaneous pupil to talk, the display of
participation of teacher charts, posters
Managing mixed-ability classes
The teacher should be able to
use a combination of ways of
organizing pupils, example :
whole class, groups, pairs or
Heterogenous grouping allow
peer teaching and learning,
while homogeneous grouping
allows teacher to present
materials and activities
tailored to a particular ability

Materials and
Setting out a set of graded
objectives in a lesson and by
using and devising materials
and activities of different
levels of complexity
The goals for different groups
of pupils in a classroom
therefore will vary, and
accordingly the materials and
activities vary.
Thank you