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5 Pillars of the

Criminal Justice
System
What is this?

Representative of each stakeholder of the


Criminal Justice System.

There are actually 7 pillars (plus the defenders


pillar and safekeepers pillar)
Enforcement Pillar
Government agencies giving
authority to laws
Examples:
PhilippineNational Police
Armed Forces of the Philippines
National Bureau of Investigation
Enforcement Pillar
Directlyexposed to criminal
elements
Must be well oriented and trained in
the ways of civil society
These agencies are authorized to:
Conduct investigation of crimes
Gather evidence
Arrest suspects
Community Pillar
Thecommunity itself where the
wrongdoer originates
LGUs
Geared towards the security of the public.
Can contribute to lessening of crimes
Assisting in investigations
Giving of testimonies
Providing leads
Community Pillar

Members of the private sector


DSWD
CHR
NCIP
PAO
Community Pillar
They are both the duty holders and
claimholders in the administration of
justice
Duty holders
Responsibility to assist law enforcement
and court in providing information
Claimholders
Beneficiaries of the justice system
Community Pillar
Two roles:
Crime prevention
Imposes limitations on individual
behaviour of citizens that deter
criminality and behaviour
Victim prevention
Disseminate more information
regarding roles and functions of the CJS.
Defenders Pillar

Protector of rights of the accused

Relevance of such role is enough to


consider it as a separate pillar
Safekeepers Pillar
Not yet recognized as a pillar
Includes government agencies given
authority to detain accused pending
trial
BJMP
LSWD
NGOs for youth in conflict with the law
Prosecution Pillar
The prosecution of the persons and
carrying out legal proceedings
against him according to the rule of
law.
Chief State Prosecutor
Regional Prosecutors Office
Provincial and City Prosecutors
Office
Prosecution Pillar

Specialized
Agencies
Ombudsman
Commission on Elections
Judiciary Pillar

The judiciary is the final arbiter of controversies, of


competing claims and interests, including the
determination of the guilt or innocence of a person
charged with the commission of a crime.
General Rule: The procedure for the investigation,
prosecution and trial of the cases is more or less the
same.
Exception:Except for those triable under the rules of
summary procedure, whereby no trial is conducted and
the judgment is based merely on the affidavits
submitted.
Judiciary Pillar

Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
Regional Trial Court /
Sandiganbayan
MTC,MTCC,MeTC,MCTC
Correction Pillar

The correction officials are


mandated to see to it that the
convict is reformed and is able
to re-integrate himself into the
community after serving his
sentence.
Correction Pillar

Bureau of Jail Management and


Penology
Department of Social Welfare
and Community Development
Correction Pillar

Municipal, City and Provincial


Jails
The Bureau of Corrections