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Nuclear Energy

By: Sophia Masciarelli, Keir Jenkins, Brenna Copeland, &


Collin Lejano
Nuclear Energy Currently UsedNuclear Power Plants in NC
Worldwide
14% of the worlds electricity comes from
Nuclear

United States
In 2015, 19.5% of the United Statess energy
was nuclear

797.2 billion kilowatt-hours generated in 2015

North Carolina
In 2015, nuclear energy contributed to 32.6% of
the states electricity
How Nuclear Power is Generated
Most commonly generated
through nuclear fission. The
process of nuclear fission
(the splitting of an atoms
nucleus into many smaller
parts) results in a large
release of heat energy and
electromagnetic radiation
that can be utilized for
power.

Image from:
https://geoinfo.nmt.edu/re
sources/uranium/power.html
Key Current & Future Methods for
Becoming More Efficient
Current:
There have been some advances in trying to reclaim the energy that is lost after the
spent fuel cells are removed from the reactor. There have been some plants that
have installed heat exchanges inside the cooldown pools to reclaim some of the
heat from the fuel rods after they are removed.

Future:
There is currently research into more sustainable sources of nuclear fuel. The best of
these seems to be sourcing the uranium from seawater processing. At this time
the method is still extremely energy intensive, but with more research, this could
yield a more renewable source of nuclear fuel.
Pros & Cons of Nuclear Energy
Pros Cons
Low Pollution, Zero emissions Radioactive material is used
Accidents could happen, riskful and dangerous
Low operating costs Plants are expensive and difficult to build
Powerful fuel Non-renewable (at this point)
Plants could be hot targets for terrorists and insurgent
Reliable groups, and minute lapse in security or safety could
More proficient than fossil fuels result in deadly and lasting repercussions.
Most energy dense method of In 2011....interrogations of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
...cited Khalid saying that, if Osama bin Laden is
producing energy captured or killed... al-Qaeda sleeper cell will detonate
The only pollution is from the nuclear a "weapon of mass destruction" in a "secret location"
in Europe, and promised it would be "a nuclear
waste (if implemented correctly) hellstorm".
Even 5 decades after the WWII bombings, children
are still being born with defects, and even with all our
clean energy, we still dont have any cures. To these
diseases caused by radiation
Cataracts Induction (thats an eye disease, in case
you didnt know)
Cancer (skin, leukemia, lung)
In Utero Child defects
The Future of Nuclear
Despite a turbulent past, the future of nuclear energy
looks bright. Because of its minimal environmental
impacts, the United Nations International Panel on
Climate change recommends doubling the worlds
nuclear capacity by 2050. Through advancements in
the field in the coming years, nuclear energy may
become one of the most promising strategies in the
fight against climate change as we begin to shift our
energy needs and reliances.
Sources
https://geoinfo.nmt.edu/resources/uranium/power.htm

https://phys.org/news/2016-11-future-nuclear-energy.html

http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/country-profiles/countr
ies-t-z/usa-nuclear-power.aspx

http://www.nuclearmatters.com/resources/infographics/document/CASE
nergy_FactSheet_NC_012214_d3.pdf

http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/pros-and-cons-of-nuclear-energy
.php