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HIPOTENSI DISEASE

By: group II
class B
Background
Have ever been You falt dizzy, eye gets firefly, bellyful, get cold sweat even
stupor while substitute abrupt position as built as positioning afters sit / squat, or
reclining? Seemingly this phenomena as diseased as common or ordinary
headache, but doesn't trifle. can become You experience low blood pressure
pressure phenomena (Hypotension).
Some bodies maybe have blood pressure point (tension) ranging 110 / 90 mmHg
or even 100 / 80 mmHg but then they don't / haven't or rarely show severally
complaint mean, so so-so feels that thing in its daily activity. If that condition
continually continues, backed up by severally factor which enable triggers
menurunnya blood pressure that signifikan as sweat and berkemih there are
many but less drink, insufficiently gets asleep or less rest (played out with
excessive activity) and menstruation with about blood excessive (abnormal)
therefore blood pressure will reach low sill (Hypotension) 90 / 60 mmHg.
hipotensi or low blood pressure pressure can become serious problem if is
ignored. But then, there is it is better know its cause root beforehand. With so,
phenomena and its problem roots can be settled.
On a basic this is therefore writer lifts Hypotension as title of paper who will
work through this time.
Congeniality
In physiology and medicine, hypotension is abnormally low blood
pressure, especially in the arteries of the systemic circulation.Blood
pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as
the heart pumps out blood. Hypotension is generally considered to be
systolic blood pressure less than 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or
diastolic less than 60 mm Hg.However in practice, blood pressure is
considered too low only if noticeable symptoms are present.
Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension, which is high blood
pressure. It is best understood as a physiological state, rather than a
disease. It is often associated with shock, though not necessarily
indicative of it.
For some people who exercise and are in top physical condition, low
blood pressure is a sign of good health and fitness.For many people, low
blood pressure can cause dizziness and fainting or indicate serious heart,
endocrine or neurological disorders. Severely low blood pressure can
deprive the brain and other vital organs of oxygen and nutrients, leading
to a life-threatening condition called shock.
Etiology
There are several causative factor why its happening blood tension
decrease, it that dikategorikan can as follows:
1. Its reducing is blood pumping of heart. More and more blood
which is pumped from heart one every minute it (cardiac output,
cardiac fall), blood pressure excelsior. Someone that have
abnormality / heart disease that beget abnormal heart rhythm,
damage or cardiac muscle function abnormality, cardiac valve
disease therefore impacted on its dwindling blood pumping
(cardiac fall) to all body organ.
2. Volume (total) dwindling blood. It can because of about blood
which excitement (ripping wound,excessive menstruation /
abnormal), diarrhoea that don't quick be settled, excessive sweat,
urinate or berkemih laids it on thick.
3. Veined capacity. Veined enlargement (dilatation) causing
menurunnya blood pressure, it usually as impact from syok
septik, explanation by heat, diarrhoea, vasodilator's doctors
(nitrate, calcium resistor, ACE'S resistor).
Patofisiologi
Blood pressure is continuously regulated by the autonomic nervous
system, using an elaborate network of receptors,nerves , and
hormones to balance the effects of the sympathetic nervous system,
which tends to raise blood pressure, and the parasympathetic
nervous system , which lowers it. The vast and rapid compensation
abilities of the autonomic nervous system allow normal individuals
to maintain an acceptable blood pressure over a wide range of
activities and in many disease states.
Clasification
There is three hipotensi's main types:
1. Hipotensi ortostatik. Hipotensi ortostatik because of body position
instantaneousness, usually while changes over from reclining go to to
stand up, and just usually happens few seconds or minute. Hipotensi is
this type can also happen after eating and often been suffered by
oldster, person with high blood pressure and person with parkinson's
disease.
2. Hipotensi dimediasi Neural (NMH in abbreviated english language).
NMH right usually regard young and children adult and happening
while someone was standing for time what does long time.
3. Acute Hipotensi effect loses blood suddenly (syok)
About society image that largely thinks that with mengkonsumsi
mutton for patient hipotensi can increase blood tension actually
unclear, But is corrected if that thing will increase haemoglobin's
content (Hb) in blood. Once more has to be understood that mean low
blood pressure pressure its supply blood not maximal to all a part
bodies. Haemoglobin (Hb) low is meaning that Hb's content as
substance of oxygen's fastener in blood has to titrate low that
accordingly patient can wan (anaemia), giddiness (oxygen that at
transport / blood supply goes to to rack brains less), perceive quick tire
etcetera.
Symptom And Sign
The cardinal symptoms of hypotension include lightheadedness or dizziness. If the blood pressure is
sufficiently low, fainting and often seizures will occur.
Low blood pressure is sometimes associated with certain symptoms, many of which are related to causes
rather than effects of hypotension:
1. Chest pain
2. Shortness of breath
3. Irregular heartbeat
4. Fever higher than 38.3C (101F)
5. Headache
6. Stiff neck
7. Severe upper back pain
8. Cough with phlegm
9. Prolonged diarrhea or vomiting
10. Dyspepsia (indigestion)
11. Dysuria (painful urination)
12. Adverse effect of medications
13. Acute, life-threatening allergic reaction
14. Seizures
15. Loss of consciousness
16. Profound fatigue
17. Temporary blurring or loss of vision
18. Connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
19. Black tarry stools.
Complication
1. Syok
2. Effect injury falls while stupor: laid low,breakneck for
person far advanced in years. Laid low will beget injury
as .juga's complete fracture can regard someone life
quality
Cure
Hipotensi on healthy person that doesn't evoke problem usually
does not require care. If You have auspices or low blood pressure
pressure phenomena, You may require cure, one that clings to its
cause. If hipotensi ortostatik because of obatan, doctor You can
change dose or give doctor that variably. Don't stop to drink doctor
before consults by doctor. Other cure for hipotensi ortostatik
comprises liquid increase to cure dehydration or uses elastic pipe to
increase blood pressure at under-side body. They who suffer
hipotensi type NMH shall avoid trigger, as standing as for time
what does long time. Cure othering to involve a lot of liquid drink
and increasing total alimentary deep salt. (This cure has for doctor
recommendation because salt overdose can also dangerously divide
health). Acute Hipotensi that because of syok is medical
kedaruratan. You may will give intravena's blood transfusion,
obatan to increase blood pressure and heart forces, and another
doctor as antibiotic as.
Next.
Besides thing upon also exists penganan Hipotensi's tricks as follows.
White water drink in number that quite a lot among 8 until 10 glasses per
diem, one at one gulp that coffee increasing memacu degup heart so blood
pressure will increase
Berolah is build is managed as walking of morning up to 30 minutes,
minimal 3x one week get to help reduce to arise it phenomenas
On woman encouragedding to puts on stocking that elastic
Application obatan (increasing blood) just is done if hipotensi's phenomena
that is felt quite a trouble daily activity, besides doctor will only give
vitamin (suport / placebo) and many tips who can be done for patient.
Increase salt. For low blood pressure pressure patient, it can utilitarian. But
since possible sodium excess cause heart baffled, notably on adult, ensure to
consult by beforehand doctor. If Your doctor advises to add asupan sodium
but You bad blood a lot of salt, try to utilize nature soya.
Reduce alcohol. Alcohol makes You dehydration and down blood pressure, even if is
drunk in number be. Be water settles dehydration and increase blood volume.
Gone in for healthy diet pattern. Get all nutrisi that Your needs with focus on medley
alimentary, including whole grain, buahan, vegetable, chicken without skin and fish.
Change gently ala body position. You can reduce giddiness while stand up by gently
stand. Before arises from bed in the morning, breathing spectacular in up to next
several minutes gently seat before stand. To defy gravitation effect, try sleep meagrely
heighten Your bed head. If beginning experiences phenomena while stand up,
silangkan is Your thigh in positioning as snip and press, or places one of foot at chair
periphery and bends forwards body in as much as maybe. This movement push
moving blood of foot goes to Your heart.
Eat little portion and food consumption contemns carbohydrate. To prevent drastic
blood pressure decrease afters eats, consume food in little portion several times one
day. Besides, draw the line carbohydrates tall food as potato, rice, paste and bread.
Put on stocking that can press (compression stocking). Stocking is elastic that
generically been utilized to assuage soreness and vena's vein swelling can help to
reduce blood heaping at does splits You.
QUESTIONS?????????