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AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE

by

SILAMBARASAN S (16MD10)
MECHATRONICS
There are many definitions of mechatronics as a
scientific discipline, but one of the most accurate
definitions could be the synergistic integration of
mechanical engineering with electronics and intelligent
computer control in the design and manufacturing of
industrial products and processes
KEY ELEMENTS OF A MECHATRONIC SYSTEM
HISTORY

The Thor was the first electric-powered washing machine. Introduced in 1908 by
the Hurley Machine Company of Chicago, Illinois, the Thor washing machine was
invented Alva J. Fisher. The Thor was a drum type washing machine with a
galvanized tub and an electric motor
Bendix Corporation introduced the first domestic automatic washing machine in
Metropolitan washing machine 1937, having applied for a patent in the same year.
A large number of US manufacturers introduced competing automatic machines
(mainly of the top-loading type) in the late 1940s and early 1950s.
An improved front-loading automatic model, the Bendix Deluxe was introduced in
1947, General Electric also introduced its first top loading automatic model in
1947. This machine had many of the features that are incorporated into modern
machines.

A 1950s classic Bendix washing machine


SIMPLE WASHING MACHINE

A simple twin tub machine has a drum driven by an electric motor.


It is used cam-operated switches in order to control the washing
cycle
Water and soap are added to the load and the machine switched
on.
It might contain an electric heater.
Spinning is done in the second tub with manual transfer of the
load.
This is not a mechatronic system.
Cam operated switch

The contour of a cam determines the time at which it operates


a switch,
The sequence of instructions and the instructions used
in a particular washing program are determined by the
set of cams chosen.
With modern washing machines the controller is a
microprocessor and the program is not supplied by the
mechanical arrangement of cams but by a software
program.
Mechatronics Approach:
The domestic washing machine is used cam-operated switches in order to control
the washing cycle is now out-of-date. Such mechanical switches are be in replaced by
microprocessors.
A microprocessor can be just considered as being essentially a collection of logic gates
and memory elements that are not wired up as individual components but whose logical
functions are implemented by means of software.
The microprocessor-controlled washing machine can be considered an example of a
mechatronics approach in that a mechanical system has become integrated with
electronic controls.
As a consequence, a bulky mechanical system is replaced by a much more compact
microprocessor system which is readily adjustable to give a greater variety of programs.
Parts of the Washing Machine

1) Water inlet control valve


2) Water pump
3) Tub
4) Agitator or rotating disc
5) Motor of the washing machine
6) Timer
7) Printed circuit board (PCB)
8) Drain pipe
9) Lid switch
Top Loading Washing Machine Parts Location Front Loading Washing Machine Parts Location
AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE

Automatic washing machines have integrated sensors,


controllers and a programmer to measure the load, fill with
water and adjust the temperature.
Various programmes are executed to agitate, wash, rinse
and spin dry.
In some cases they will even use hot air drying. This is a
good example of mechatronics.
The system uses solenoid valves to fill and drain the drum.
It has level and temperature sensors, weight sensor and
speed sensor.
Depending on the programme, these are all processed to
activate the power control and speed of the motor.
Sensors
Water level sensor
Temperature sensor
Speed sensor
Flow Level Sensor
Detergent Level Sensor

Actuators
AC or DC Motors
Water inlet/drain
AUTOMATIC WASHING MACHINE
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