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SHELL THERMIA B

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
THERMIC FLUID
SELECTION CRITERIA

1. Operating experience
2. Operating Hazards :
Toxicity, explosiveness & flammability.
3. Handling problems
4. Availability and cost

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
THERMIC FLUID
SELECTION CRITERIA
5. Bulk / Film temperatures.
6. Thermal properties :
Specific heat, conductivity, Heat
transfer coefficient
7. Degradation rate.
8. Pumping properties

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Requirements from a thermic fluid

Low solidification temperature.


Good thermal stability.
Low viscosity over the whole temp. range
(also in the start-up condition).
Good heat transfer properties.
High specific evaporation enthalpy (when
used as vapours).

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Requirements from a thermic fluid

Low corrosion tendency for the materials of the


apparatus
Non toxic and non - smelly.
Low sensitivity to impurities (e.g.. oxygen).
Low fire risk.
Low risk to the environment on leakage.
Possibility of easy destruction (passing used
material into the natural circulation circuit).
Economy of operation

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Chemical Composition

Mineral oils are mixture of hydrocarbons


Alkanes: Have carbon atoms arranged in
straight or branched chains.
Cycloalkanes: Contain some rings of carbon
atoms.
Aromatics:Contains rings of carbon atoms but
a lower proportion of hydrogen than
cycloalkanes.

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Chemical Composition

Viscosity Oxidation Solvency Boundary


Index Stability Lubrication

Alkanes Highest Most Resistant Worst Worst

Cycloalkanes

Aromatics

Asphaltenes Lowest Least Best Best


Resistant
Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
Base Oils and Fluid Performance
PUMPABILITY, LOW TEMP.
PROPERTIES, ENERGY LOSSES,
PUMP WEAR

VISCOSITY

OXI
SURFACE DATI
ON
EMULSIFICATION, ACTIVITY DEPOSIT FORMATION,
METAL OIL THICKENING,
CORROSION
STA ACIDITY BUILDUP,
BILI CORROSION OF METALS
TY

SOLVENCY VOLATILITY

OIL CONSUMPTION,
SEAL
THICKENING, DEPOSIT
COMPATIBILITY
FORMATION, VAPOUR
Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding PRESSURE
conditions
Viscosity
Viscosity increases with oxidation.
Viscosity decreases with thermal
cracking.
Viscosity affects turbulence of flow.
Viscosity at operating temperature is
more important.

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Flash Point
Lowering of flash point is indication of
something wrong but not necessarily
dangerous.
Method of sampling is very important.
Sustenance of flash point during
operation is very important from safety
view point.

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Flash Point
COC (IP36/ASTM D 92) or IP 35
PMCC (IP 34/ ASTM D 93)
Difference between the two flash points
will be typically 15 0 C
Repeatability difference: +/- 70 C
Reproducibility difference:+/- 160 C

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Oxidation Stability
Effect of Oxygen (or Air) on oil properties
Various component of oil vary in oxidation
resistance.
Modern refining removes components with
low oxidation resistance
Higher the temperature higher will be rate of
oxidation
Copper & its alloys are catalysts for oxidation

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Oxidation Stability
Oxygen attacks hydrocarbons to form
unstable peroxide derivatives.
Some unstable peroxides further react to
form acidic products which are oil soluble.
Some form non soluble gum and sludge.
Acidity and insoluble matter is measure of
oxidation of oil.

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Oxidation Stability
Severe oxidation results in viscosity increase
Oxidation in Heat transfer system takes place
mainly in DE tank
Pump may suck air causing oxidation
Recharging of leaked fluid is also a source of
oxidation

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Thermal Stability
Mineral oil is complex mixture of hydrocarbons
varying in structure and molecular weight each
with its own characteristic breakdown
temperatures.
Cracking is rupture of a carbon-carbon or
carbon-hydrogen bond.
Cracking reduces viscosity.
Cracking reduces flash point.

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Thermal Stability
Lower weight molecular join to make heavy
molecules which appear as deposits

Deposits lower heat transfer efficiency

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Other Properties
Vapour Pressure: It is function of volatility
Pour Point:Important for initial startup
Density : For designing thermic fluid system
Specific Heat
Corrosiveness
Fire Point

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Specific Heat & Fire Point

Specific Heat varies from 0.45 at 30oC to


0.70 at 300oC. Unit : Kcal/Kg

FLASH POINT FIRE POINT =


of fresh oil = Flash Point + 30oC
200 to 235oC

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Boiling Point
Temperature at which change of phase takes
place.

330o to 371oC

Boiling point can vary from 330o to 371oC


Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
Thermic Fluid degradation

Particulate fouling :
Deposition of suspended matter
Reaction fouling :
Cracking, coking, polymerisation
Solubility fouling :
Deposition of Dissolved solids

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Process
Material CONTAMINATION

Corrosion Products
Degraded
Lubricants Thermic Thermic
Fluid Fluid
Sludge

Water
Mixing different
brands of Thermic Fluids
CuShell
+ Cu Alloys
Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
Thermic fluid degredation process
LOWER
OXIDATION VISCOSITY
+
+

CRACKING LIGHTER FORMATION


HYDRO OF
+ CARBONS DEPOSITS

CONTAMINATION +
LOWER FLASH
POINT

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
THERMIC FLUID DEGRADATION
MAJOR FACTORS

Oxidation - Exposure to air


Coking - High film temperature
Formation of low boilers
Thermal cracking
Dehydrogenation - gas formation
Reaction with foreign matter

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
SOME OPERATING CHALLENGES

UNCONTROLLED MIXING
INERT GAS BLANKETING NOT THERE
DE TANK TEMPERATURE IS HIGH
OPERATING TEMPERATURE VARIES BY 10 TO 20
DEG C.
LACK OF PERIODIC OIL ANALYSIS PROGRAMME
ABSOLETE CRITERIA FOR DISCARDING OIL
PILFERAGE/ MIXING
POOR RECORDING PRACTICES

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
SOME OPERATING CHALLENGES

SPURIOUS PRODUCT TOPUP

POOR OPERATING KNOWLEDGE

REPORTING OF COMPLAINTS
UNSTRUCTURED

COLLECTION & TRANSPORTATION


OF SAMPLES VERY POOR

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
HOW DOES SHELL THERMIA B TAKE CARE OF
THESE OPERATING CHALLENGES

UNCONTROLLED TEST BEFORE MIXING


MIXING
INERT GAS INBUILT FACTOR OF
BLANKETING NOT SAFETY
THERE
DE TANK HIGH ON ANTI
TEMPERATURES HIGH OXIDATION PROPERTY
OPERATING
TEMPERATURE INBUILT FACTOR OF
VARIATION BY 10 TO 20 SAFETY
DEG C
Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
HOW DOES SHELL THERMIA B TAKE CARE OF
THESE OPERATING CHALLENGESCONTD.

LACK OF PERIODIC OIL SHELL CARE


ANALYSIS PROGRAMME

ABSOLUTE DISCARD ON TRENDS GIVEN BY


CRITERIA SHELL CARE.

PILFERAGE/ MIXING DEDICATED TRANSPORT


VEHICLES
POOR RECORDING SHELL CARE OCM
PRACTICES CUSTOMER EDUCATION

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
HOW DOES SHELL THERMIA B TAKE CARE OF
THESE OPERATING CHALLENGES..CONTD.

SPURIOUS PRODUCT SHELL CARE


TOPUP MONITORING
POOR OPERATING
KNOWLEDGE CUSTOMER TRAINING
REPORTING OF
COMPLAINTS COMPLAINT HANDLING
UNSTRUCTURED SYSTEM

COLLECTION &
TRANSPORTATION OF SHELL CARE KIT
SAMPLES VERY POOR
Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
Shell Thermia B

All Oils are not the


same
So what ? What is in it for
me ?

Shell Thermia B
Shell Base Oils

Extraction Company

Refining Company

Blending Plant

Shell Oils

Shell Thermia B
Does Variability really matter ?

Characteristic Spot Market Base Oil

Viscosity Defined
Viscosity Index Defined
Pour Point Defined

Sulphur Content Variable


Nitrogen Content Variable
Mono Aromatic Content Variable
Di Aromatic Content Variable
Variable
Poly Aromatic Content
Variable
Straight Chain Paraffin Cont.

Shell Thermia B
Does Variability really matter ?

Branched Paraffin Cont. Variable


Flash Point Variable
Acidity Variable
Total Polar Content Variable
Residual Carbon Variable
Oxidation Performance Variable
Air Release Variable
Demulsification Variable
Demulsibility variable
Other minor factors variable

Shell Thermia B
Non variable Formulation

Vertically Integrated Proposition

Exclusive non variable formulation

19 base oil parameters defined & controlled

Shell Thermia B
SHELL THERMIA B : Key characteristics
Bulk Temperature upto : 3200C
Film Temperature upto : 3400C
Density @ 150C : 0.868
Flash point (COC) : 2100C
Kin Viscosity @ 400C : 25 cSt
@ 1000C : 4.65 cSt
@ 3000C : 0.5 cSt
Pour Point : -90C
Thermal Expansion/0C : 0.00076
Neutralization Number : 0.05 mg KOH/g

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Thermia B
FEATURES Benefits for you
High Oxidation Stability Longer oil life and higher heat
transfer characteristics
High Thermal Stability Lower top ups, hence lower
Thermic fluid consumption
Better Viscosity -Temperature Promotes turbulent flow for better
Characteristics ( See Graph) heat transfer efficiency
Higher fresh oil Flash point Lower top up and longer life of oil.
Higher Specific heat Temperature Greater heat carrying capacity-
behaviour better efficiency of heater
Higher Thermal conductivity Higher rate of heat transfer across
temperature gradient.
Lower Pour point Higher level of refining, hence
better Thermic fluid.

Shell Thermia B
Shell CARE

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube Analyst : .What is it ?!

Oil condition monitoring program


Interpretation
Diagnosis
Remedial Action

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube Analyst : .Why ?!

Trend analysis

Only where the


Uniform testing facilities oil is in contact
with parts

Monitors equipment condition

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube Analyst :
.How?!
Sample courier infrastructure

Expert diagnoticians

Quick Reports (within max 72 hours)

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube Analyst :
.How?!
Welcome Kit

Clearly defined & controlled process

World class testing facility

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube analyst CARE limits for in-service heat
transfer oil

Physio-Chem Limiting Value Comments


Parameter
Kin. Viscosity @ (+/-) 25% Check TAN & Flash Point
40/100C also before discarding

Flash Point 170C Vent system and recheck


flash point before
discarding
TAN 1.75 - 2.00 Depending on system
volume, topup & service life
check viscosity & metals
before discarding
Total insolubles 2.00% by wt Check TAN before
discarding

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Shell Lube Analyst - How does it operate ?!

Customer Collection Center


Shell Lab


Improvement Diagnosis

Report

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
Benefits of Shell Lube Analyst

Feed back on oil condition


Minimize unscheduled shut downs
Optimization of oil life in the system
Increased equipment availability
Peace of Mind

LOW COST OF OPERATION - IT SAVES YOU MONEY

Shell Thermia B
BENEFITS OF SHELL THERMIA B
PROPOSITION
MOST RELIABLE PRODUCT FOR INDIAN
WORKING CONDITIONS

Shell Lube Analyst

+ NO ADDITIONAL COST
+ DIAGNOSIS & REMEDY BY EXPERTS
+ WORLDCLASS OCM PROGRAMME
+ 72 HOURS TURN AROUND TIME

Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding


conditions
SERVICES
INBUILT CONDITION MONITORING
PROGRAM (SHELL CARE)

APPLICATION ADVICE

LOGISTIC SUPPORT AVAILABLE ANYTIME BY


SHELL STAFF

CUSTOMER EDUCATION & TRAINING

COMPLAINT HANDLING
Shell Thermia B Best performer in most demanding
conditions
Service Product

Total
solution

Logistics