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INTRODUCTION

MODES OF OPERATION IN THERMAL POWER


PLANT

Manual Mode
Boiler Follow Mode
Turbine Follow Mode
Co-Ordinated Master Control Mode
MANUAL MODE
In this Mode both Boiler Master and Turbine
Controller switched over to manual and unit
controlled manually.
BOILER FOLLOW MODE
In this mode turbine takes lead and boiler follows.
In this mode boiler has to supply the steam for
whatever load has been set from Turbine desk.
In this mode turbine maintain MW Demand and
Boiler maintain MS Pressure.
BOILER FOLLOW MODE
TURBINE FOLLOW MODE
In this mode Boiler takes lead and Turbine follows.
Boiler manually controlled.
In this mode Turbine master On Auto- controls
Turbine throttle steam pressure and MW depends on
the steam output of the Boiler.
TURBINE FOLLOW MODE
CO ORDINATED MASTER
CONTROL
In this mode the target load is set through CMC unit
demand.
Unit load demand is fed to BOILER MASTER to generate
Boiler Demand i.e. air & fuel requirement and to
TURBINE CONTROL to set Turbine Demand i.e. MW.
In this mode both BOILER MASTER and TURBINE
CONTROL are put in AUTO and Unit Load Demand is
fed to both Boiler and Turbine to compute their individual
Load Demands.
CO ORDINATED MASTER
CONTROL
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
RUN DOWN
Run down is switched ON automatically when the Process
error (negative) i.e. Feed water, Air flow etc. becomes
excessive AND(&) the controller output of the
particular loop(feed water, air flow, furnace pressure and
fuel) goes to maximum position making process
uncontrollable. Under the situation, Unit load demand is
reduced to a value as Permitted by the Process to get over
the blockage.
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
INCREASED BLOCK :
In this if any of the condition comes i.e. if process
error (negative) OR the controller output goes to
maximum then Incr. blocked will come and it will
hold the unit load demand till process recovers
within limits.
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC

CONDITIONS FOR RUN DOWN/INC. BLOCKED


Feed water flow deviation
Airflow deviation
Fuel flow deviation
Furnace pressure deviation
PA header pressure deviation
Load control deviation
Throttling pressure deviation
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
Run Up:
Run Up is switched ON automatically when the
Process error (positive) i.e. Feed water, Air flow etc.
becomes excessive AND (&) the controller output of
the particular loop (feed water, air flow, furnace
pressure and fuel) goes to minimum position making
process uncontrollable. Under the situation, Unit
load Demand is reduced to a value as Permitted by
the Process to get over the blockage.
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
Decrease blocked:
In this if any of the condition comes i.e. if process
error (positive) OR the controller output goes to
minimum then Decrease blocked will come and it
will hold the unit load demand till process recovers
within limits.
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC

CONDITIONS FOR RUN UP/DECR. BLOCKED


Feed water flow deviation
Airflow deviation
Fuel flow deviation
Furnace pressure deviation
PA header pressure deviation
Load control deviation
Throttling pressure deviation
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
Runback:
It is switched ON automatically in the event of
tripping of unit auxiliaries i.e. BFP, ID, FD fans etc.
and unit capability will reduce and accordingly the unit
demand will also reduce.
SALIENT FEATURES OF CMC
Unit Capability linked per Equipment
Drive Unit Capability
BFP 305 MW
ID Fan 305 MW
APH 305 MW
BCW 305 MW
CEP 305 MW
CWP 305 MW
FD Fan 305 MW
Mill 90 MW
PA Fan 305 MW
LSR 50 MW
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC
Mode
For putting machine into CMC following condition
should be satisfied
Airflow control should be in auto (Secondary Air Master).
Furnace pressure control should be in auto (IGV and VFD
Master).
Drum level in auto (Part Master).
Fuel master should be in auto (Fuel Master).
PA header pressure control in auto.
Both HPBP Valve should be closed.
Load deviation within limits (i.e. the deviation between load
SP and actual load should be less than 5 MW).
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC
Mode
MS pressure deviation within limits (difference between MS
set point and actual MS pressure should not be high
preferably within + 2kg/cm2).
HPCV should be throttled (i.e. turbine should not be running
under valve wide open condition).
Unit should be running under steady state (MW and fuel
flow
are reasonably steady for about 10-15 minutes).
There should not be any EHTC Fault.
Machine should be running in Load Control.
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC Mode
Ensuring all the above conditions and auto loop status
proceeding to the next step

Put the LP Mode ON ( from the


pop up given on EHTC page)
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC Mode

Set the MS Pressure SP Value near to running MS


Pressure value & then put the MS Pressure SP in auto.
Set the Unit Load SP Value near to Running Plant Load
Value.
Now Put the Fuel Flow SP Control in Auto to fix the
Ratio between Fuel & Load.
Now put the Boiler master in auto from CMC Page.
The selection of plant mode control will be in manual,
then select the coordinate control from the popup
given on CMC Page.
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC Mode
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC
Mode
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC Mode
PROCEDURE FOR PUTTING INTO CMC Mode
Do you have any advice or suggestions ???
Thank You !! ^