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COMMON DRUGS USED IN

SMALL ANIMALS

BY JASPREET KAUR L-2012-V-43-M


Drugs used in small animals can be divided into
following categories-
1) DEWORMERS
2) ANITBIOTICS
3) ANTI-EMETICS
4) ANTI-INFLAMMATORY
5) ANTI-PYRETICS
6) ANTI-ALLERGIC
7) ANTI-DIARRHOEALS & ANTISPASMODICS
8) ANTIPROTOZOALS
9) HAEMOSTATS
10) NERVE TONICS
15) ECTOPARASITICIDES
16) NUTRIENTS
17) MISCELLANEOUS DRUGS
DEWORMERS
Dogs are often times infected with
worms. Most of them usually
infect puppies at a young age.

Canine Intestinal Worms


Hookworms
Roundworms
Tapeworms
Whipworms
Deworming (sometimes known
as worming or drenching) is the giving of
an anthelmintic drug to a dog/animal

Deworming medication for puppies should be done


at 4, 6, 8 and 12 weeks , monthly until it is 6
months old and every three months thereafter.
Most of the dewormers contain following salts-
Praziquantel
Pyrantel pamoate
Albendazole
Fenbendazole
Ivermectin
CONTENT DRUG FORMULATIONS DOSE RATE/10 kg

PRAZIQUANTEL 5-7.5 mg/kg or


50-75 mg/10 kg

Plozin Prazqtl-50 1 tab/10 kg


mg,pyrantel pamoate
144 mg,fen-500 mg
Plozin-plus Parzqtl-125 1 tab/25 kg
mg,pyrantel pamoate-
360 mg,fen-12
Drontal-plus 50 mg 1 tab/10 kg
Prazqtl-50 mg,pyrntl
pamoate 144
mg,feabntel-150 mg
Easy pet Praztl-50,pyrntl-144 1 tab/10 kg
mg,fen-500 mg
Cantel Pazqtl 50,pyrntl
oxantel ambonate- I Tab/10 kg
143,543 mg)
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

PYRANTEL Nemocid 5-10 mg/kg 50-100 mg/10


PAMOATE Tablet-250 mg kg or
Syrup-50 mg/ml tab /10 kg

Syp-1-2 ml/10 kg

ALBENDAZOLE 25-50 mg/kg BW 25O-500 mg


Zental 1 tab-10 kg BW
Tablet400 mg
Syrup-40 mg/ml 5 ml/kg 10BW
IVERMECTIN Neomec Tablet- 1 tab/20 kg
Hitek Hitek,ivectin,
Ivomec Neomec(10
Ivoip mg),
Ipraz Ivermectin+pr 1 tab/10 kg
dose -0.2 aziqualtel
mg/kg
Syrup- 1 ml/kg
Ivermectin,
Neomec,-10
mg/ml
0.2 ml/10 kg
Injection- BW
hitek,Neomec,
ivomec
ANTIBIOTICS

Antibiotics are prescriptions derived from bacterial sources


specifically to fight other, more harmful bacteria.

How do antibiotics work?

Different types of antibiotics work in one of two ways


A bactericidal antibiotic kills the bacteria. A bactericidal
usually either interferes with the formation of the bacterium's
cell wall or its cell contents.

A bacteriostatic stops bacteria from multiplying.


ANTIBIOTICS

BACTERIOSTATICS BACTERIOCIDALS

SULPHONAMIDES AMINOGLYCOSIDES
CHLORAMPHENICOL AMOXYCILLIN
ERYTHROMYCIN AMPICILLIN
TETRACYCLINES PENICILLINS
Penicillin was the first antibiotic discovered.

Other related penicillins like ampicillin and


amoxycillins are widely used in veterinary practise,
COMMONLY USED ANTIBIOTICS
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS
CEFALEXIN 20-40 mg/kg 200-400 mg/kg
TABLETS- PO
-Sporidex(125,250 1 tab(250 mg)/10 kg
mg)
-Lixen 1 tab(300 mg)/10 kg
palatab(300,600 mg)

SUSPENSION
Sporidex(100 mg/5 10-40 ml or 2-4
ml) tsf/10 kg
LIXEN-P(250 mg/5 5-10 ml or 1-2 tsf/10
ml) kg
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

CEFOTAXIME 20-40 mg/kg 200-400 mg/10


i/v, s/c, i/m q8- kg
INJ. 12 hrs
TAXIM(125,250, 250 mg/10 kg
500 mg)

CEFTIOFUR X nel(1 g) 2.2 mg/kg 22 mg/10 kg

CEFTRIAXONE 20-25 mg/kg 200-250 mg/10


i/m,s/c,i/v kg
INJ. INTACEF,
ZYDACEF, Inj. Biocef-250
CEFSTAN,BIOCEF, mg/10 kg

INJ. INTACEF
TAZO
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

AMPICILLIN 20-40 mg/kg,i/m 200-400 mg/10 kg


Inj.Ampicillin ,i/v q 8 hrs or
(250,500 mg) inj-
Ampicillin,Roscilllin
Inj.Roscillin) (250,500 mg)
(Ampicillin sodium)
(250,500 mg) OR syrup-5-10
ml/10 kg
Syrup Roscillin
(125-250 mg/5 ml)

AMOXICILLIN 10-22 mg/kg po 100-220 mg/10 kg


s/c, i/m,i/v q 8-12 or
INJ. Amoxyrum forte hrs inj-amoxyrum
(amoxycillin Na-200 forte/10 kg
mg & sulbactum Na-
100 mg)
(300 mg)
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

AMIKACIN 15-30 mg/kg 150-300 mg/10 kg


s/c,i/m,i/v q
INJ.Amikacin 24hrs Or inj-250 mg/2 ml
(Amikacin
sulphate-)-
100,250.500
mg/2ml

GENTAMICIN 6-8 mg/kg 60-80 mg/10 kg


i/m,i/v,s/c
q24 hrs
INJ. Or inj-1.5-2 ml/10
Gentapil,genticin kg
(40 mg/ml)
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

ENROFLOXACIN 5-20 mg/kg po, 50-200 mg/10


i/v, s/c, i/m kg
Enrocin,Meriquin-
(tab-50,150 mg) Tab-1- one and
half/10 kg

Inj-Enrocin-100 Or inj-
mg/ml 0.5-2 ml/10 kg

OXYTETRACYCLINE 22 mg/kg po 200 mg/10 kg or


20 mg/kg i/v
INJ.TERRAMYCIN- Inj-4 ml/10 kg
50 mg/ml
ANTI-EMETICS
Anti-emetics are the drugs used to control the vomition
in dogs which is the forceful expulsion of stomach
contents through the mouth.
There are 2 causes of vomiting in dogs-
Primary causes are those that are due to diseases of
the stomach and upper intestinal tract.
Secondary causes are caused by diseases of other
organs that cause an accumulation of toxic substances
in the blood. These toxic substances stimulate the
vomiting center in the brain causing the animal to vomit
Antiemetics may act peripherally
to reduce afferent input from
receptors or to inhibit efferent
components of the vomiting reflex response.
They may also act centrally to block stimulation of

the CTZ and emetic center


CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS

Prochlorperazin 0.1-0.5 mg/kg i/m 1-5 mg/10 kg


e q 8-12 hrs or
Stemtil- 1 tab
Tab-5 mg Inj-0.08-0.4 ml
Inj-12.5 mg/ml
Metoclopramide 0.25-0.5 mg/kg 2.5-5 mg/10 kg
Perinorm po.,i/m q 8-24 hrs Or
Reglan
Tablet-10 mg tab
Syrup-1 mg/ml Inj 0.5-1 ml
Inj-5 mg/ml Syp- 5 ml or 1 tsf
/10 kg

Ondansetron 0.1-0.2 mg/kg i/v 1-2 mg/10 kg


Emeset,vomikind q 8-24 hrs
Tab-4,8 mg tab
Inj-2 mg/ml inj-0.5-1 ml
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE /10 KG
FORMULATIONS

Ranitidine 1-2 mg/kg po or 10-20 mg/10 kg


(Antacid) Aciloc 2.5 mg/kg i/v or or 25 mg i/m,i/v
Zinetac i/m
Ranitidine Tab-1/3
Rantac
Tablet-150,300 Inj-1ml/10 kg
mg(rantac,zinetac)
Inj-25 mg/ml

Omeperazole Ocid 0.5-1 mg/kg 5-10 mg /10 kg


(Antacid) Ometab po,i/m 1 tab/10 kg
Romesec
Omeprazole Inj-0.12-0.25
Tablet-10,20 mg ml/10 kg
Inj-40 mg/ml
Anti-inflammatory and Antipyeretics

Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-


protection; the aim being to remove harmful stimuli,
including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens -
and begin the healing process.

Thus it is a part of bodys immune response.


Anti-inflamamtory drugs are
used in dogs to reduce the
pain and inflammation caused
by various inflammatory processes
in the body
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANTI-PYRETICS

CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG


FORMULATIONS

MELOXICAM 0.2 mg/kg 2 mg/10 kg


PO,i/m,i/v q 24 Or
Melonex hrs Syp-1.3-1.5 ml
Inj-5 mg/ml Inj- 0.4 ml
Syp-1.5 mg/ml
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS
DEXAMETHASONE 0.05-0.1 mg/kg 0.5-1 mg
Dexona i/m,i/v,po
Tablet-0.5 mg Or 1 tab/10 kg
Inj-4.4 mg/ml Inj-0.2 ml

PREDNISOLONE 1.1-2.2 mg/kg 11-22 mg


Wysolon po,i/v,i/m
Prednisolone 2 tab/10 kg
acetate
Predcip Or inj-1.1-2.2 ml
Tab-5 mg
Inj-10 mg/ml

BETAMETHASONE Betnesol 1-4 mg/kg i/m,i/v 1 tab od,po


Tab-0.5 mg po
1-4 mg/kg i/m,i/v
Inj- 4 mg/ml od
Anti-allergic drugs

An allergy is a state of
hypersensitivity of the immune
system to a particular substance called an allergen.
Most allergens are proteins.
In the dog, the most common symptom associated
with allergies is itching of the skin, either localized
or generalized. In some cases, the symptoms involve
the respiratory system.

Best allergy medicine for dogs include


antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs.
ANTI-ALLERGIC DRUGS
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10 KG
FORMULATIONS
CETRIZINE Allercet,Cetzine,Cetri 0.5-1 mg/kg PO q 5-10 mg or
HYDROCHLORIDE ne,Zyrtec 12 hrs 1 tab/10 kg
TAB-5 mg,10 mg I tsf/10 kg
Syp-5 mg/5 ml
PHENIRAMINE Avil Total dose-0.5-1 ml 1 tab/10kg
MALEATE Tablet-25 mg,50 mg or 20-25 kg Or I ml
Inj-22.75 mg/ml

DIPHENHYDRAMINE Benadryl,Asodryl 2-4 mg/kg PO q 8- 20-40 mg


Capsule-25 mg 12 hrs or 1 tab/10 kg or 2
Syrup-12.5 mg/5 ml tsf
CONTENTS DRUG DOSE RATE DOSAGE/10
FORMULATI Kg
ONS
Hydroxyzine Atarax,Cytra 2.2 mg/kg 22 mg
x,Krust po,s/c,i/m 1 tab/10 kg
Tab-10 mg,25 q 8 hrs
mg Syp-10 ml or
Syrup-10 2 tsf/10 kg
mg/5 ml
Inj-25 mg/ml Inj-0.8 ml
ANTI-HAEMOPROTOZOALS
Dogs are often infected with haemoprotozoans
specially during summer seasons.
These diseases are often transmitted through a tick.
Common haemoprotozoas in dogs are-
Babesia canis and babesia gibsoni
Trypanosomes
E.canis
Anaplasmosis
ANTI-HAEMOPROTOZOALS
CONTENT DRUG DOSE RATES DOSage/10 kg
FORMULATIONS

OXYTETRACYCLIN TERRAMYCIN 22 mg/kg po 200 mg or


-E INJ-50 mg/ml 20 mg/kg i/m 4 ml/10 diluted
in water

DIMINAZINE Berenil RTU 3.5-7 mg/kg 35-70 ml or


ACETURATE Prozomin 0.5-1 ml/10 kg
Inj-70 mg/ml

BUPARVAQUONE BUTALEX 2.5 mg/kg 25 mg or


INJ-50 mg/ml o.5 ml/10 kg
HAEMOSTATS
DRUG AND CONTENT FORMULATIONS DOSE RATE

STERSYL (Ethamsylate) Inj-125 mg/ml 250-500 mg

REDOXON Inj-100 mg/ml 10-30 mg/kg od i/m,i/v

Ascorbic acid Inj-1oo mg/ml 10-30 mg/kg od i/m,i/v


(vit. C)
Zakshot (Tranexamic acid) Inj-100 mg/ml 5-10 mg/kg

Kaplin (vit. K) Inj-10 mg/ml 5-10 ml


Revici
LIVER AND NERVE TONICS
NERVE TONIC-0.5 ml/kg or 1-2
LIVER TONIC-1 Tsf bid,po ml IM
Liv-52 Inj-Tribivet
Livoferol (vit.B1,B6,B12)
Pet-o-liv Inj-Trineurosol-H

Liverolin (Vit.B +Biotin)


Ventriliv-pet Neurokind-plus

Inj-livadex forte (niacin+pyridoxin+


Inj-belamyl Cobalmin)
Inj-mecovet Inj-neurobion
Vitamins and minerals
Vitamins are an essential part of a dog's good
health.

Various minerals and vitamins each have their


specific role.

Among the minerals Ca and P play an important


role.
VITAMINS AND MINERALS
CONTENT DRUG FORMULATIONS DOSE RATE

VITAMIN B POLYBION TAB- 1-2 tab/20 kg


Syp- 1 tsf/20 kg BW
BECOSULE
VITAMIN E EVION Capsule,syp- 5-10 mg/kg po
200,400 mg
E-care-Se Inj- 1 ml/25 kg IM
VITAMIN D Arachitol Inj-6 lac IU/2 ml 3-6 lac iu bid
Adcelin(vit. A,D,E) 1 ml/25 kg s/c ,i/m

VITAMIN A Aquasol Inj-6 lac IU/2 ml 1 amp/50 kg i/m


Prepalin

VITAMIN C Celin Tablet-100,500 mg 5-10 mg/kg


Ca and P preparations
Syrup-
Osteopet
Pet-o-cal
Intacal
Calicplus
Caldipet-plus(Ca,P,vit.c ,D3)
Capsola
Tonical
Anti-diarrhoeals,anti-spasmodics,and
digestive stimulants
Diarrhoea is very common amongst dog.

It happens when the dogs stool is very soft, actually


too soft, watery or completely liquid.

Usually it is caused by bacterial or viral infection


in dogs
Anti-diarrhoeals,anti-spasmodics,and digestive
stimulants

ANTI-DIARRHOEALS
Syp/bolus- 1 tsf/20 kg po,, boli/20 kg
Powergyl(norfloxacin,metroni
dazole)-30 ml
Megastop(ofloxacin) -60 ml 1 tsf/20 kg po

Griptol-n 1 tsf/20 kg bid po

Diarok(ayurvet) @5 gm po
Syrup-30 gm
ANTI-SPASMODICS
Lopamide(loperamide) 0.1 mg/kg po or 1 tab/20 kg BW
Tab-2 mg

Spasmovet(dicyclomine) 0.1-0.5 mg/kg i/m or 1 ml/20 kg


Inj-10 mg/ml dog

Buscopan(scopolamine/hyoscine) 0.1-1 mg/kg bid po,i/m


Tab-10 mg, syp-7.5 mg/5 ml 1 tab/10 kg,,
Inj-20 mg/ml syp- 1.5 ml/kg
Inj-I ml/20 kg i/m

Nobigan(dicyclomine) Inj-I ml/20 kg i/m


DIGESTIVE STIMULANTS
Syrup Digipet 1 tsf/20 kg po bid

Syrup-Bestozyme 1 tsf/20 kg po bid

Syrup-Zymopet 1 tsf/20 kg po bid

Syrup Gelusil 5 ML/10 kg po

Syrup Digipas 1 sf/10kg


LAXATIVES AND PURGATIVES

SYRUP-CREMAFFIN 5 ml or 1 tsf/10 kg po
(Milk of magnesia +liq paraffin)

Tab Bidlax-5 mg(Bisacodyl) 1 tab/10 kg po

Tab Laxicon-100 mg (dousates) 1 tab po


MISCELLANEOUS DRUGS
CONTENT FORMULATIONS DOSE RATE DOSE /10 KG

Gardenal Phenobarbitone 2.2-6.6 mg/kg 22-66 MG


Tab-30,60 mg 1 Tab/10 kg
Syp-20 mg/ml 1 ml/10 kg

Eltroxin Levothyroxin Tab-50,100 mcg Pattern of dosage

Lasix Furesamide 2-4 mg/kg 20-40


Inj-20 mg/ml 1 ml/10 kg

Mannitol 350 ml infusion 1-2 ml/kg


ECTOPARASITCIDES
AMITRAZ LIQ- RIDD 2 ml/lt water topical
(12.5 %) TAKTIC application
TIKRID

Cypermethrin Liq- same


Tikkil
Cisaflux

Deltamethrin Butox 12.5 mg/ml or 2 ml/lt


water