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Greenwood

International School
Kolkata

KUMAR SNEHANSU
WHY?
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ABOUT THE PROJECT A
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ARCHITECTURE
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PSYCHOLOGY ENVIRONMENT SY
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ABOUT THE PROJECT
Project by the Greenwood
trust
Location in the upcoming
township of Rajarhat.
Projected strength - up to 800
students starting from Nursery
till Class XII.
Architect ABIN design studio
Existing Greenwood high
preschool in salt lake.
It is the only International
School in Bangalore to have
received the honour of
bagging 5 National awards
and to be ISO 18001:2007
accredited with a Safety
and Health Management
Systems Certificate.
HOW?
Motto

Rooted in Knowledge
'The Superlative Synergy

integration with blending the old with


nature new,
green practices Fostering creative
and analytical
dont preach what
knowledge
you dont practice.
Kolkata

Site area 10.9


acres
Location Rajarhat
Latitude 22 33 N
Latitude 88 28 E

Satellite city
Three action zones
SITE ANALYSIS
1. DPS
NEWTOWN
2. UNIWORLD
CITY
3. PROPOSED
INDUSTRIES
4. COGNIZANT
5. RESIDENCES

10 M WIDE ROAD
ON ONE SIDE
BAGJOLA CANAL

Permissible height
20.0m
F.A.R. max. 2.0
Ground
coverage 45%
Set back from
residential 3.0 m
Green area 8%
of ground area
Infrastructure in Rajarghat futuristic design
Tropical wet and hot climate.
Climatic analysis Annual mean temperature = 26.8 C
Maximum temperature > 40 C
Maximum rainfall 425 mm
Wind from Bay of Bengal keeps the
humidity high.
Breeze from Bay of Bengal (South)

Mutual shading needed


Longer axis should be towards N-S
orientation
Cross ventilation needed
Segregation in levels for ventilation
and skylights needed.
Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat

Emerging Not in the Luxury DPS campus


vicinity - No main city residences just aside
problem of Only one proposed in the site
Water, access road the vicinity Buffer
Electricity to the site. Large site needed
and Irregular area play from all sides
Drainage. shape of the areas
Proximity to site
Bagjola
Canal
Non-contour
site.

Highly needed Buffer and screening from front side.


Since only one access road front faade orientation is not flexible
Pedestrian space has to be given on the site.
To integrate with nature, design implications have to be given.
Proper parking and circulation of vehicles to be given inside the site.
CASE STUDY CALCUTTA INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL
Site Details
Criteria Culture, Scale
Residential project
Location - 15 km from
Kolkata Airport
Architect ABIN Design
Studio
Year of Construction 2006
Total Site Area - 9 Acres
Built -up area - 64,400
Inferences
Diagonal approach provides a
perspective view and increases
design appreciation.
Separate entry for sports facilities
and OAT
Academic block in the front and
the sports area in the backdrop
of the site
Vehicles are prohibited inside
the site and natural walk-away
to maintain silence

Introvert planning of individual


blocks
Too many different blocks and
hence lack in connectivity.
Blending of informal and formal spaces
Emphasis on Interior design
Natural ventilation
Greenwood International school, Bangalore
Site Details
Criteria Relevance
Location Bangalore
Architect ACE group
Year of Construction
2004
Total Site Area - 35 Acres
Built -up area 110,000
INFERENCES

Auditorium separated from main building for access.


Segregation of junior and senior departments
Integration with nature and organic sprawl of the same
Emphasis on sports facilities

Privacy of individual blocks, swimming, etc. and no proper


provision of sitting spaces and locker rooms
Lack of futuristic vision and poor connectivity in playgrounds and
other blocks
Culture

Segregation of classes through common spaces


Paved pathways used as architectural elements
Emphasis on landscaping
Use of punched windows
Case Study : The International School, Hague

Criteria for selection : Scale, Planning


Location : Hague, Netherlands
Site Area : 8 Acres
Architect : Atelier Pro architects
Strength : Approximately 1500 Students
Site Analysis
Pedestrian waiting
Space

Sports facilities on the


backdrop

Indoor Swimming
and Sports
- low maintenance
- Can be used 24 hrs
a day
- privacy
- Ventilation and
condensation
- expensive
Use of Self-invented
sunscreen blinds

Atrium illuminated by
daylight
Corridors - double use as
study area.
Before the pupils enter
their classroom they cross
a living room. Here they
hang out with their
classmates. This way
theres a right balance
between the joining and
the division of the three
different schools.

The younger children have


their own entrance and
square, called Glass House.
Here they can play and have
their lunch.
Inferences
Corridors as activity zones

Due importance should be given to the natural lighting of the


classrooms.

Usage of blinds to reduce the glare and make an iconic identity.

Incorporation of living rooms before entry into the classrooms to


facilitate merging of the three zones.

Labs and science rooms as screening block

Indoor sports facilities

Waiting area for pedestrians

Separate entry for kids.

No separate play area for kids


Teaching area
General purpose teaching area includes
Class rooms, supplementary classrooms, extra-
Large classrooms.

Space requirements:
traditional teaching 2 sq.m/pupil
teaching in sets 3sq.m/pupil

Floor areas:
Classroom 1.8 to 2 sq.m/pupil
Open plan 3 to 5 sq.m /pupil

The clear height should be 2.7 to 3.54 m.

Literature Study
Library
Library includes a conventional school library for
Pupils and teachers with books and magazines,
Lending facilities, reading and work places.

The media centre is an extension of the library with


Recording and playback facilities for radio, film, TV
ie., audio visual equipment.

Standard space requirement overall: library/media


Centre 0.35-0.55 sq.m/pupil.

Exact division:
Book issues and returns 5sq.m and
catalogue space 20-40 sq.m

Information: librarian, media advisor, media


technician 10-20 sq.m/person

Literature Study
Toilets
The number of toilets, urinals and wash-basins
required, based on total number of pupils and
separated according to gender.

Sanitary installations with direct daylight and


ventilation are preferable , and there must be
separate entrances for boys and girls.

Area requirement:
For 250 girls 40 sq.m and for 250 boys 40 sq.m

Literature Study
Science area/practical/language labs
Science area includes rooms for teaching
and practicals.

Classrooms for biology, physics and


chemistry
- 2.5sq.m/place.

Room sizes for demonstrations and


practicals in
chemistry, physics and biology 70-80sq.m

Ideally for Physics, chemistry and biology


lectures
- 60sq.m is needed.

For practical work, group work 80 sq.m

Literature Study
AREA DISTRIBUTION

CLASSROOMS
CIRC CLASSROOMS
21%
30%
SCIENCE
ART
SCIENCE LIBRARY
2%
ADMIN
ART CAFETERIA
4%
HOSTEL
LIBRARY
SPORTS
4%
TOILET
TOILET
2%
ADMIN CIRC
3%

SPORTS CAFETERIA
17% 13%

HOSTEL
4%
Gymnasium 1 40 40
AREA REQUIREMENTS Hall
Entrance
5
1
15
100
75
100
Classrooms-
Music room 2 80 160 kindergarten 8 70 560
Practice room 3 25 75 Pools 2 200 400
Computer room 3 85 255 First Aid+Nurse
Multifunction Areas 3 70 210 room 2 25 50
Amphitheatre 1 1300 1300 Multipurpose
Dance Room 1 100 100 room 1 200 200
Library 1 300 300 Teachers room 1 80 80
Principal's Office 1 40 40 WC+Shower 2 80 160
Locker Rooms 2 20 40 Storage 30 6 180
Parking 5000 5000 Kitchen 1 120 120
16000 Toilets -
kindergarten 7 15 105
Foundation gym 1 400 400
Foundation area 1 400 400
F.A.R permissible - 2.0 Caf 1 90 90
Permissible ground coverage - Staff room 1 30 30
19845 m2(45%) Admin room 3 50 150
Large court 1 1200 1200
Permissible Height 20.0 m Classrooms 16 90 1440
Auditorium 1 800 800
Gymnasium 1 430 430
Dining hall+caf 1 350 350
Toilets 7 50 350
Teachers room 2 60 120
halls 3 200 600
Storage 3 30 90
1 F Ground Floor

AREA STATEMENT Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm

2 Entrance Halls 110 220


Basement 8 Classrooms 70 560
Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm 2 Pools 181 362
2 First Aid + Nurse room 23.5 47
8 Technical + Equipment 85 425 1 Multipurpose room 194 194
1 Staff 39 117 1 Teachersroom 81 81
2 WC + Shower + Change 82 164
2 Shower + Toilets 12.5 50
3 Storage 6 96
3 Storage + Uniforms 25 75
1 Kitchen 125 125
1 Cleaning Supplies 43 43 9 Toilets 13 91
1 Gymnasium 43 43 1 Foundation Gym 409 409
1 Staircase 16 48 1 Foundation Area 408 408
1 Hall 13 64 1 Caf 89 89
865 1 Staff room 28 28
1 Administration Room 49 49
2 F First Floor
7 Staircases inside 16 128
Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm 2 Halls 2 340
1 Large Court 1237 1237
14 class room 93 1302 3657
7 Lab + science rooms 74 518 Outside Sport + Play facilities
1 Auditorium 810 810 Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm
26 Storage 7 154
1 Gymnasium 437 437 1 Soccerfield 90 x 60m 5734 5734
1 Dining Hall + Caf 360 360 2 Tennis Courts 245 490
5 Toilets 46 240 Basketball Courts 3rd
1 Teachers Room 61 61 2 floor 518 1036
7 Staircases inside 28 173 1 Toddler Playground 2250 2250
4 Terrasses 160 640 1 Adventure Playground 6527 6527
4 Halls 200 600 1 Natural Amphitheater 1130 1130
4655 17167
3 F Second Floor
Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm AREA STATEMENT
4 class rooms 70 210 Staff + Soccer building
2 Toilets 46 92 Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm
6 Storage 14 42
1 Teacher Room 58 58 2 Locker + Change Room 20 40
5 Toilets 4 28
2 Music Rooms 80 160
3 Shower 10 30
3 Practice Rooms 25 75
9 Storage 9 54
3 Computer Rooms 84 252 1 Judge Room 17 17
2 Halls 130 260 1 Caf + Bar 28 28
3 Staircases inside 35 105 3 Halls 20 80
4 Terrasses 100 700 1 Staircase 17 34
3 Multifunction Areas 70 210 3 VIP Rooms 19 57
1 Amphitheater 1270 1270 3 Dorm Rooms 21 63
1464 1 Dining + Kitchen 23 23
4 F Third Floor 2 Multipurpose Rooms 9 9
Nr. Room Name unit sqm sum sqm 1 Terrasse 30 30
1 Technical Room 7 7
1 class room 1 Tribune 255 255
1 Toilets 42 42 500
2 Storage 20 40
1 Dance Room 95 95 Total Built-up area - 50690 m2
1 Library 305 305 F.A.R achieved - 1.15
1 Hall 175 175
1 Staircase 31 31
Ground coverage achieved -
3 Administration 33 99 11968 m2 (27%)
1 Principles office 40 40
827
WHAT?
DESIGN CONCEPT

The southern wing acts as a protective barrier, separating the private space
from the public space
Safety
Vehicular restraint
Climatic inferences
Diagonal approach
Interior design/furniture
DESIGN INSPIRATIONS
DESIGN
INSPIRATIONS

PARK HOTEL, ITALY

CASTELBILBAL SCHOOL,
YOUTH CLUB, DENMARK
BARCELONA
EVOLUTION OF DESIGN

Discipline through one


block

Hierarchy in spaces
Segregation of Spaces (Junior and
Visual penetration loss Senior)
Accessibility to each block
No segregation of Junior
block Visual penetration

Future expansion Separation of one block to another is


too large
Lack of blend of formal and informal
spaces
Traffic entering the site
EVOLUTION OF DESIGN
Admin and lab block in the front which also provides
the screening from front

Courtyard gives segregation

Play of levels to give informal spaces in between


formal structure

Separate entry for auditorium and play area

North South Orientation of the blocks for maximum


daylighting

Blocks placed for mutual shading


1 Admin block
2 Classrooms
3 Courtyard
4 Squash and
6 indoor sports
5 14 5 Amphitheatre
7 6 Kids play
4 area
2 7 Assembly
2 8 Auditorium
9 9 Miniature golf
3
course
1 10 Green Steps
8 12 11 Locker rooms
11
10 12 Parking
13 13 Security
room
14 Tennis courts
MASSING
Swimming pool Cafeteria

Teachers room Activity centre

Courtyard Classrooms

Administration

Library/Auditorium

GROUND FLOOR
PLAN
GROUND
FLOOR
PLAN
Cafeteria Classrooms
Library
Indoor sports area
Art Room
Science rooms Administration

Computer room

FIRST FLOOR
PLAN
FIRST
FLOOR
PLAN
Staff area

Classrooms

Music room

Computer room

SECOND FLOOR
PLAN
SECOND FLOOR
PLAN
THIRD FLOOR
PLAN
Drop-off zone &
Auditorium
B
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P
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ELEVATIONS
SECTIONS
Landscaping

West Bengal is a very important junction point


junction of Brahmaputra and Ganges
Junction of North Indian culture and North Eastern
culture tea gardens Playing with contours

Softscape
Hardscape
Hardscape Left brain

Open air theatres


Toddlers play area
Stairs at the entrance
Middle courtyard
Paved pathways
Murals, Statues
Refrain from big water bodies - toddlers
Courtyard
AMPHITHEATRE
Softscape Right Brain

Concept
Blending in with the surroundings
Educational value trees
Some special trees
Banyan tree
Mangroves
Vegetation
Cassia fistula
Prominently Yellow
and Brown
Found in abundance
in West Bengal and
Myanmar
Height 10-20 m
Herbal tree as
described in
Ayurvedas
Was Depicted in the
Rs. 20 stamp of India

Put near classrooms


Alstonia
Max height 60 m
Found in Abundant in West Bengal,
Malaysia
State tree
Alstonia consists of about 40-60 species
(according to different authors), native to
tropical and subtropical Africa, Central
America, southeast Asia, Polynesia and
Australia, with most species in the
Malesian region.

These trees can grow very large, such as


Alstonia pneumatophora, recorded with a
height of 60 m and a diameter of more
than 2 m. Alstonia longifolia is the only
species growing in Central America
(mainly shrubs, but also trees 20 m high).

Used for screening and shading


Mangroves

Large variety in sizes.


Found in abundance in Sunderban delta
Very less water evaporation

Red Mangroves also a popular variety


Great Banyan
Historical Significance.
Knowledge tree Lord Buddha
The Great Banyan is a banyan
tree (Ficus benghalensis)
located in Acharya Jagadish
Chandra Bose Indian Botanic
Garden, Howrah, near Kolkata,
India.[1] It was the widest tree
in the world[citation needed] in
terms of the area of the
canopy and is estimated to be
about 1200 to 1250 years
old.[1] It became diseased
after it was struck by lightning,
so in 1925 the middle of the
tree was excised to keep the
remainder healthy; this has left
it as a clonal colony, rather
than a single tree. A 330 metre
long road was built around its
circumference, but the tree
continues to spread beyond it.
Ornamental Plants
BOUGAINVILLEA

The vine species grow anywhere from 1


to 12 m (3 to 40 ft.) tall, scrambling over
other plants with their spiky thorns. The
thorns are tipped with a black, waxy
substance. They are evergreen where
rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if
there is a dry season. The leaves are
alternate, simple ovate-acuminate, 413
cm long and 26 cm broad. The actual
flower of the plant is small and generally
white, but each cluster of three flowers is
surrounded by three or six bracts with the
bright colours associated with the plant,
including pink, magenta, purple, red,
orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea
glabra is sometimes referred to as "paper
flower" because the bracts are thin and
papery. The fruit is a narrow five-lobed
achene.
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
(Night-flowering Jasmine)
10 m tall, with flaky grey bark
26.5 cm broad
Anti bacterial and anti fungal long life
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a
small tree growing to 10 m tall, with flaky
grey bark. The leaves are opposite,
simple, 612 cm long and 26.5 cm
broad, with an entire margin. The flowers
are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed
white corolla with an orange-red centre;
they are produced in clusters of two to
seven together, with individual flowers
opening at dusk and finishing at dawn.
The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to
round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two
sections each containing a single seed
Combretum indicum

Combretum indicum, also known as


the Chinese honeysuckle or Rangoon
creeper, is a vine with red flower clusters
and is found inAsia. It is found in many
other parts of the world either as a
cultivated ornamental or run wild.
The Rangoon creeper is a ligneous vine
that can reach from 2.5 meters to up to
8 meters. The leaves are elliptical with
an acuminate tip and a rounded base.
They grow from 7 to 15 centimeters and
their arrangement is opposite. The
flowers are fragrant and tubular and
their color varies from white to pink to
red. The 30 to 35 mm long fruit is
ellipsoidal and has five prominent wings.
The fruit tastes like almonds when
mature. The niyog-niyogan is usually
dispersed by water.
MYRTUS COMMUNIS

The fruit is a round berry


containing several
seeds, most commonly
blue-black in colour. A
variety with yellow-
amber berries is also
present. The seeds are
dispersed by birds that
eat the berries.
Sorrel
Common sorrel or garden sorrel (Rumex
acetosa), often simply called sorrel, is a
perennial herb in the family
Polygonaceae. Other names for sorrel
include spinach dock and narrow-
leaved dock. It is a common plant in
grassland habitats and is cultivated as a
garden herb or leaf vegetable
Sorrel is a slender herbaceous perennial
plant about 60 cm high, with roots that
run deep into the ground, as well as
juicy stems and edible, arrow-shaped
(sagittate) leaves. The lower leaves are
7 to 15 cm in length with long petioles
and a membranous ocrea formed of
fused, sheathing stipules. The upper
ones are sessile, and frequently become
crimson. It has whorled spikes of reddish-
green flowers, which bloom in early
summer, becoming purplish.[1][2] The
species is dioecious, with stamens and
pistils on different plants
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