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Transportation engineering research

activities and ITS laboratory

Department of Civil Engineering


University of Calabria
Universit della Calabria

Research is focused on issues related to aspects of planning,


design and management of transport systems, with particular Dipartimento di PIANIFICAZIONE
TERRITORIALE
attention towards the development of models for the simulation
of traffic vehicular flow, the application of information and
communication technologies .
The study of traffic characteristics and behavioral aspects of
users in the analysis of road safety.
Road safety

Crash prediction models


Road safety audits and countermeasure assessment
Road safety inspections for hotspot identification
Crash Modification Factors for estimating countermeasure effects
Traffic conflicts and safety performance analysis and simulation

Demetrio C. Festa Vittorio Astarita Giuseppe Guido Alessandro Vitale Vincenzo Gallelli
Intelligent Transportation Systems
applied to Transportation problems
Video image processing techniques for determining:
traffic conflicts and traffic flow attributes
drivers behaviour
safety performance attributes
calibration of microsimulation models

Demetrio C. Festa Vittorio Astarita Giuseppe Guido Alessandro Vitale Daniele Rogano Vincenzo Giofre
Intelligent Transportation Systems
applied to Transportation problems
Mobile smartphone technology for determining:
drivers behaviour
potential accident risk scenarios in infrastructures
safety performance attributes
calibration of microsimulation
public transportation quality of service attributes

Demetrio C. Festa Vittorio Astarita Giuseppe Guido Alessandro Vitale Daniele Rogano Vincenzo Giofre
Transit system

Transit service quality assessment (bus, railway, air transport services)


Customer satisfaction survey (face-to-face, web-based, survey by mobile)
Performance-based quality measures (transit agency perspective)
Perception-based quality measures (users perspective)
Public transit accessibility measures (active and passive bus stop accessibility)
Service coverage measures (walking distance, level of service) Gabriella Mazzulla
Laura Eboli
Carmen Forciniti
Giuseppe Pungillo
Road safety

Analysis of accident risk drivers perception (SP techniques)


Willingness to use smartphones for improving road safety
Accident severity assessment models
Relationship between drivers psychological state and driving behavior

Gabriella Mazzulla
Laura Eboli
Carmen Forciniti
Giuseppe Pungillo
Land-use and transport interactions

Spatial analysis techniques (trip distribution global and local indicators )


Geographical Weighted Regression models (relationships between trips
distribution and socio-economic characteristics )

Structural Equation Models (relationships between trips distribution and socio-


economic characteristics)

Random utility models (economic/residential activities spatial distribution models )


Gabriella Mazzulla
Laura Eboli
Carmen Forciniti
Aerial and
terrestrial LIDAR

Geomatics Lab.
Giuseppe Artese

Vehicle Detection
and tracking
SCIENTIFIC SECTOR
ICAR/04: Roads, Railways and Airports

Rosolino Vaiana
Scientific Director of Research Laboratory of Road Materials Vincenzo Gallelli
Assistant Professor of Highways, Railways and Airports Associate Researcher
Engineering

Francesco De Masi
Technician Chief of Research Laboratory of Teresa Iuele
Road Materials Associate Researcher

Research Team - Laboratory of Road Materials


Strategic land planning

Tools for spatial planning and strategic environmental assessment


Approaches and techniques of participation and management
Strategic models for the definition of smart cities
Local integrated systems of medium and low density centres
Tourism strategies and rural development
Innovation ecosystems of cultural heritage
Systems of mobility in processes of urban regeneration and impact of urban
uses in road safety

Maria Francesca Viapiana Annunziata Palermo Mauro Francini


ITC Applications for VRU safety

Pedestrian and cycle accidents analysis


Road safety inspections focused on VRU
Risk Map of pedestrian and cycle in urban areas
Monitoring and collection of information in real time using personal
devices (smartphone)

Massimo Zupi

Road safety

Traffic simulation

Transportation forecasting and planning models

Sustainable tansportation systems


Universit della Calabria
Transportation forecasting and planning
Mobile phone and traffic management Dipartimento di PIANIFICAZIONE

Research since 2000 TERRITORIALE


Transportation Management Applications of Anonymous Mobile Call Sampling(Smith
et al. 2001)
The use of mobile phones in traffic management and control
(Astarita e Florian 2001)
Travel time estimates
From mobile phones position it is possible to estimat road network travel times
through a filtering operation.

OD matrix estimation
This article introduces the concept of ratio between the number of vehicles and
the number of instrumented vehicles.
The estimation of the O-D dynamic matrix from mobile phones traffic counts is
similar to the classical methodology of estimating the O-D matrix with traffic
counts
k

k
A priori od Nc od osservati per ogni o,d,k

k
Stima di od

Minimizzazione Valori stimati


della somma Dynamic Traffic Assignment di :
delle differenze k
od

Traffic counts
SENSEable City Lab, MIT 2004

Graz 24 hours

Assonometric view
Universit della Calabria
Traffic simulation (research activities since 1996)
Dipartimento di PIANIFICAZIONE
TERRITORIALE
Universit della Calabria
Traffic simulation
Dipartimento di PIANIFICAZIONE
TERRITORIALE
Usefulness of microsimulation models coupled
with new technologies

Quantifying the benefits of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS, mainly


Advanced Traveller Information Systems and ATIS Advanced Traffic
Management Systems ATM)

Allow the implementation of ITS simulating complex systems and


providing real-time short term road traffic forecasts.
Road safety and traffic safety performances

Traffic safety performances are an attempt to capture the interactions between vehicles in traffic flow and to identify high-risk situations.

These interactions have been expressed by Hyden (1987) in terms of vehicle interactions risk pyramid.
Pubblicazioni recenti sicurezza stradale e Universit della Calabria
traffico (2009-2011 )

Dipartimento di PIANIFICAZIONE
Hyden (1987) TERRITORIALE

Astarita V. , Guido G. , Saccomanno F. . F. , Vitale A. , Giofr V. P. , " Un algoritmo per lacquisizione delle traiettorie veicolari da immagini video". strade & autostrade, 2011, Vol. 1, pp. 132-135.

Astarita V. , Guido G. , Saccomanno F. . F. , Vitale A. , Giofr V. P. , " Influence of travel behavior on road safety performance measures in rural highways". Atti del convegno "ICTIS", Cina, 2011

Astarita V. ,Guido G. , Saccomanno F. , Vitale A. , Festa D. C. , " Comparing safety performance measures obtained from video capture data". JOURNAL OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING-ASCE, 2010.

Astarita V. ,Guido G. , Saccomanno F. , Festa D. C. , Vitale A. , Giofr V. P. , " Investigating safety issues in two-way rural highways". Atti del convegno "XVII International Conference SIDT2010", Roma, 2010, 2010, pp. -

Astarita V. ,Guido G. , Vitale A. , Giofr V. P. , " A new microsimulation model for the evaluation of traffic safety performances". Atti del convegno "XLI Annual Conference of Italian Operational Research Society. Operations
Research for Complex Decision Making", Reggio Calabria, 2010, 2010, pp. 121-122.

Astarita V. , Guido G. , Crocco F. , " Evaluation and deployment of Inverse Parking Pricing Policy in traffic management for planned special events". Atti del convegno "XVI International Conference SIDT", Milano, 2009.

Astarita V. , Guido G. , Crocco F. , " Una metodologia per lindividuazione degli incidenti basata sulla stima dei parametri di deflusso da conteggi di veicoli strumentati". In Interventi e metodologie di progetto per una
mobilit sostenibile Seminario scientifico 2008, Astarita V., D'Elia S., Festa D. C. (a cura di), Milano: Franco Angeli, 2009, pp. 627-638.

Festa D. C. , Guido G. , Vitale A. , De Marco S. , " Un sistema di trasporto integrato per larea urbana di Cosenza-Rende". In Modelli di sviluppo di aree urbane di piccole dimensioni, Francini M. (a cura di), : Franco Angeli,
2009, pp. 215-237.

Filice M. , De Luca P. , Guido G. , "Particulate matter pollution in university area: traffic flow analysis". Enviromental Engineering and Management Journal, 2009, Vol. 8, n. 6, pp. 1407-1412.

Astarita V. , Guido G. , Crocco F. , " Evaluation and deployment of some ITS solutions in traffic management for planned special events". Atti del convegno "XVI International Conference SIDT2009", Milano, 2009, A cura di
Mussone L., Crisalli U., Maggioli Editore:2009, pp. 3-8.

Astarita V. ,Guido G. , Saccomanno F. , Vitale A. , " Measuring safety performance at roundabout using videotaped vehicle tracking data". Atti del convegno "88th Annual Meeting Transportation Research Board",
Washington D.C., 2009

Guido G. , Saccomanno F. , Astarita V. , Vitale A. , La stima degli indicatori di performance di sicurezza sulle rotatorie". strade & autostrade, 2009, Vol. 3, pp. 2-6.

Filice M. , De Luca P. , Guido G. , Particulate matter emission in university area". Atti del convegno "5th International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management ICEEM/05", Tulcea, Romania, 2009, 2009.
Framework

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TRAFFIC
safety Incidents
performances

According to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA 2003), when properly formulated
measures of safety performance evaluated in simulation can provide a useful platform from
which to identify high-risk situations in traffic flow and intervention strategies based on cost-
effectiveness.
Misurazione delle prestazioni di sicurezza
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Study framework

Alternative Traffic
Real Traffic Scenario
Scenario

Traffic Simulation Traffic Simulation

Safety Performance Safety Performance


Indicators Indicators

Comparison

Safety Evaluation Countermeasures


and Assessment Evaluation
Microsimulation - Road safety
New Technologies for traffic

Traffic flow microsimulation


Crash prediction models
Road safety inspections for hotspot identification
Crash Factors for estimating countermeasure effects
Traffic conflicts and safety performance analysis with simulation
Use of new technologies for the detection of vehicles
Software developer to Desktop, Mobile and Web
TRITONE Traffic microsimulator
TRITONE Traffic microsimulator
TRITONE Traffic microsimulator
Car-following: Other:
General Motors Lane-Changing
Giofr Models Gap-Acceptance
Gipps Over-taking
Van Aerde
Yang
FreSim and Intras
Fritzsche
Wiedemann 20 car-following models
NETSIM physical
CORSIM Psycho-Physical
Krauss A function of capacity
IDM
ecc.
TRITONE Traffic microsimulator
Vantaggi:
Possibilit di previsione di situazioni critiche e localizzate per la
sicurezza stradale
Possibilit di scelta dei modelli comportamentali
Realizzato sfruttando le pi recenti teorie sul traffico stradale
Vasta scelta di parametri per una migliore personalizzazione
Possibilit, per i ricercatori, di implementare i propri modelli
Strumenti di calibrazione compresi al suo interno
Operazioni completamente grafiche e user friendly
Disponibile gratuitamente
Svantaggi:
E un progetto ancora giovane
Non tutti i modelli sono stati calibrati
Grafica 2D/3D non ancora ai livelli dei software commerciali
Lentezza di esecuzione per reti urbane estremamente estese
TRITONE Traffic microsimulator

DRAC
TTC
SPUTNIK Video traffic detector
M2m Mobile Smarphone and Vehicle
SAFECITYDRIVE Game of safe drive
SAFECITYDRIVE Game of safe drive
A simple road pricing systems based on
mobile phone and time of use toll policy
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility Specific challenge

Europe would be closer to solving problems related to congestion, traffic


safety and environmental challenges if people, vehicles, infrastructure and
businesses were connected into one cooperative ecosystem combining
integrated traffic and transport management with new elements of
ubiquitous data collection and system self-management. Significant
technological progress in this area has been made in the past years; however,
large scale deployment is in its infancy. Additional research is needed to
improve and demonstrate at a European scale the effectiveness and
efficiency of integrated smart mobility solutions based on human-vehicle-
infrastructure communication. Seamless integration of the benefits offered
by the European Global Navigation Satellite System (European GNSS) in ITS
applications will play an important role.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Scope: Coordination and Support Action proposals should support the


accelerated take-up and deployment of cross-systems/cross-border
innovative services and global reach-out
by fostering further ITS standardisation in the EU and beyond in view of
interoperability;
by raising awareness and campaigning for cooperative ITS.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Research and Innovation Action proposals should address the development


of one or several of the following domains:
Open in-vehicle platform architecture for provision of real-time ITS
services and mechanisms to provide seamless connectivity, interoperability
and secure flow of information across stakeholders, including convergence of
Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) and 4th generation mobile
communication technologies.
Improved positioning technology, building on innovative features of
European GNSS systems, with standard interfaces to serve different ITS
applications and new concepts for flexible charging based on guaranteed
positioning.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Highly accurate, dynamic maps for transport applications, leveraging


technologies based on advanced GNSS and cloud computing.
Innovative solutions for cooperative network management, multimodal
transport services, safety applications and hazard warnings.
Tailor-made solutions for heavy duty vehicles, integrating as much as
possible tachograph, tolling, inspection and (dynamic) route guidance
functions, etc.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

The activities should support development of European Wide Service


Platforms (EWSP). Proposed solutions should be demonstrated in real-life
conditions, based on which the assessment of their effectiveness and their
respective deployment requirements should be carried out. They have to
propose robust built-in data privacy and security measures based on
appropriate public engagement in the project.
The scope of the work should extend towards full-scale early deployment,
and should address issues related to suitability for public procurement,
identification of (multi-stakeholder) business cases and value-added
scenarios, users engagement, acceptance and willingness to pay.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Priority will be given to proposals with strong participation of innovative


SMEs and to proposals boosting international cooperation. Robust and
convincing commercialisation strategy in view of market roll-out of proposed
solutions will be an advantage.
In line with the Union's strategy for international cooperation in research and
innovation international cooperation is encouraged.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the
EU of between EUR 5 to 10 million each for Research and Innovation Actions
would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately.
Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals
requesting other amounts.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Scope: Coordination and Support Action proposals should support the


accelerated take-up and deployment of cross-systems/cross-border
innovative services and global reach-out
by fostering further ITS standardisation in the EU and beyond in view of
interoperability;
by raising awareness and campaigning for cooperative ITS.
MG3.5 Cooperative ITS for safe,congestion free and
sustainable mobility

Expected impact: The establishment of an integrated transport "info-


structure", relying on vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to infrastructure
(V2I) communications, but also on the availability of open and quality
transport data, will improve transport systems
safety level, by reducing the number of crashes
efficiency, by offering efficient and cost-effective solutions for curbing
congestion
flexibility, by providing alternative options to drivers in case of traffic
disruptions
sustainability, by cutting down GHG and other pollutant emissions
Smartphones market trends
LBS: Location Based Services
M4M Project proposal

Mobile for Mobility


From M2M to M4M
M4M extends M2M concepts from just safety to
cooperative network management, multimodal transport services, safety
applications and hazard warnings.
And also to more than this..